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PROJECT PRESENTATION

ON
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
FROM SPEED BREAKER
Generation of electricity by
speed breaker
SUBMITTED TO:- PRESENTED BY:-
DR. H C SHARMA ASHUTOSH Kr. (0909621022)
ANKIT SINGH (0909621001)
GUIDED BY:- Md. RASHID (0909621045)
SUNIL Kr. SINGH AHMAD FAWAD (0909621006)
Introduction
 A large amount of energy is wasted at the speed
breakers through the dissipation of heat and also
through friction.
 When vehicle passes over speed breaker. There is
great possibility of tapping this energy and
generating power.
 We can do it by making the speed-breaker as a
power generation unit.
 The generated power can be used for the power the
street lamps, near the speed breakers
ENERGY WASTED ON SPEED BREAKER
Let us consider, The mass of a vehicle moving
over the speed breaker. =250Kg(approx.)
Height of speed breaker =10 cm
Work done =Force x Distance
Here, Force=Weight of the Body =250 Kg x
9.81=2452.5N
Distance travelled by the body = Height of the
speed breaker=10 cm
Wasted power=Work done/Sec
= (2452.5 x 0.10)/60=4.0875 Watts (in one
pushing force).
UTILISATION OF THIS WASTED
ENERGY
Wasted power=Work done/Sec= (2452.5 x 0.10)/60
=4.0875 Watts (For One pushing force)
Power developed for 1 vehicle passing over the
speed breaker arrangement for one minute= 4.0875
watts
Power developed for 60 minutes (1 hr)=245.25watts.
Power developed for 24 hours = 5.866 Kw
This power is sufficient to burn four street lights in
the roads in the night time & also for nearby shops.
BASIC PRINCIPLE-
 The project is concerned with generation of electricity from speed
breakers-like set up. The load acted upon the speed breaker - setup is
there by transmitted to rack and pinion arrangements .
 Here the reciprocating motion of the speed-breaker is converted into
rotary motion using the rack and pinion arrangement.
 The axis of the pinion is coupled with the sprocket arrangement. The
sprocket arrangement is made of two sprockets. One of larger size and the
other of smaller size. Both the sprockets are connected by means of a
chain which serves in transmitting power from the larger sprocket to the
smaller sprocket.
 As the power is transmitted from the larger sprocket to the smaller
sprocket, the speed that is available at the larger sprocket is relatively
multiplied at the rotation of the smaller sprocket.
General Mechanism
Rack and pinion Mechanism
Internal Mechanism
• Shaft
• Large gear
• Small gear
• Fly wheel
• Ball bearing
• Rack&
• Pinion
• chain
CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS

RACK
SPROCKET
FLYWHEEL
BEARINGS
SHAFT
SPRINGS
DC GENERATOR
Rack-pinion assembly mounting
convenience
max. gear losses 3 to 5%
efficiency-95%
Block Diagram
Permanent Magnet Dc Generator
• 443541 Permanent
Magnet DC Generator
SPECIFICATIONS OF DC GENERATOR
• 443541 Permanent Magnet DC Generator
• Current Rating for the # 443541
• 3 A - Continuous Duty
• 3.3 A - 60 minutes
• 4 A - 30 minutes
• 10 A - 5 minutes
• Magnets: Two high-energy saturated C8 ceramic magnets.
• Shaft: Steel 12.7mm (1/2") diameter, 40mm length, with 1mm full-length flat.
• Armature: 16-slot armature 52mm diameter wound with AWG25 magnet wire
• Bearings: Two double-sealed 32mm OD ball bearings.
• Rotation: Either direction - The red output wire is positive for clockwise rotation
from the shaft end.
• Speed: Zero to 5,000 rpm - generates at all speeds- depends on load.
• Weight: 4.2Kg (9.2lb) Shipping weight 4.6Kg (10lb), dimensions 150x150x300mm
(6x6x12in).
• Resistance: Internal resistance 7.7 ohms. Inductance 16mH.
• Maximum charging current is 10A If you exceed these specifications the generator
will overheat
Specification of battery
• Performance Characteristics
• Nominal Voltage 12V
• Number of cell 6
• Design Life Up to 5 years
• 20 hour rate (0.225A, 10.5V) 4.5Ah
• 10 hour rate (0.44A, 10.5V) 4.4Ah
• 5 hour rate (0.72A, 10.5V) 3.6Ah
• 1 hour rate (3.04A, 9.6V) 3.04Ah
• Internal Resistance
• Fully Charged battery 77oF(25oC) 35mOhms
• Self-Discharge
• 3% of capacity declined per month at 20oC(average)
• Operating Temperature Range
• Max. Discharge Current 77oF(25oC) 67.5A(5s)
• Short Circuit Current 225A
• Charge Methods: Constant Voltage Charge 77oF(25oC) CP1245 12V, 4.5Ah(20hr)
• Cycle use 14.5-14.9V
• Maximum charging current 1.8A
• Temperature compensation -30mV/oC
• Standby use 13.6-13.8V
• Temperature compensation -20mV/oC
Estimated Expenses
• One 12v 4.5ah battery cost will be around
600rs/battery.
• Cost of dc generator of above specified rating
is about 3- 4000rs.
• Other electrical equipment will cost about 7-
800rs.
• Other mechanical parts and construction will
take about 2000-2500rs.
Rough estimation of profit
• The total installation cost of the hump is 7000 rupees.
• Total cost = 7000 rupees
• Say with improvements in design it can glow 5 streetlights of
40-watt capacity,
• which will consume 2.7 K.W.H. per day.
• For t years electricity bill will be 3449.25*t
• T=2years
• i.e. the consumer will be repaid his investment with in 2 years
period. From this
• onwards, there will be no investment and free of cost. The life
of POWER HUMP is estimated to be 7 years. So the customer
will get free power generation for 5 years period.
• This power comes from the energy which is wasted on roads.
SCOPE,MERITS AND USES
• Low Budget electricity production
• Less floor area
• No obstruction to traffic
• Easy maintenance
• Suitable at parking of multiplexes, malls, toll
booths, signals, etc.
• Uses: Charging batteries and using them to
light up the streets, etc.
Future Scope:
 Such speed breakers can be designed for
heavy vehicles, thus increasing input torque
and ultimately output of generator.
 More suitable and compact mechanisms to
enhance efficiency.
 Ultimately we can make the earth clean.
REFERENCES
 [1] Mukherjee.D Chakrabarti.S, 2005, Fundamentals of
renewable
 energy systems, New Age international limited publishers,
New Delhi.
 [2] Sharma .P.C, 2003, Non-conventional power plants, Public
printing
 service, New Delhi.
 [3] Fundamentals of renewable energy systems, New Age
international
 [4]WIKIPEDIA.
 [5] Non-conventional power engineering, Public printing
service, New Delhi.
 [6] ‘Power System Control and Stability.’ P.M. Anderson.
 [7] Power System Stabilizers’ by Mitsubishi Corporation-A
release notes from Mitsubishi Co
THANK YOU