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Physico-Chemical analysis of ground water

from Hambardi Village, Tal: Yawal, Dist:


Jalgaon, Maharashtra

Presented By:
Patil Parag Suresh, Supervisior:
Patil Aditya Rajesh, Mrs. Jaishri Shinde*
Dhandar Sopan Kautikrao.

Department of chemistry
• To know the quality of water in the Hambardi village
• To check the potability of supplied water.
• To evaluate the Physico-chemical characteristics of
the water sample.
• To find out the polluted ground water areas.
• To search and suggest the remedial measures for
objectionable parameters.
• To aware the Hambardi village people regarding
water-borne diseases and their prevention.
Literature Review:

 Importance of pure life

 Types of Groundwater
Contamination
* DESCRIPTION OF STUDY AREA

* METHODOLOGY

* COLLECTION OF WATER SAMPLE


Sr. No. Well sample code Site Source

1 W-1 Dhanraj Talele Well

2 W-2 Tukaram Zope Well

3 W-3 Murlidhar Talele Well

4 W-4 Khemchand Toke Well

5 W-5 Vilas Patil Well

6 W-6 Public Well Well

7 W-7 Suresh Patil Well


 pH Meter

 Conductometer

 Spectrophotometer

 COD Digester

 Flame photometer
pH
COD
Phosphate
Nitrate
Sulphate
Potassium
Hardness
Sodium
Electrical Conductivity
Parameters of importance and permissible limits prescribed by
WHO and BIS for drinking water
Sr. No Parameters Permissible limit by Permissible limit by
WHO BIS
1 Ph 6.5-8.5 6.5-8.5
2 Conductivity 1400 -
3 COD 250 mg/lit -
4 BOD 6 mg/lit -
5 Total Hardness 500 mg/lit 300 mg/lit
6 Turbidity - 10
7 Nitrate 45 mg/lit 45 mg/lit
8 Phosphate 5 mg/lit 5 mg/lit
9 Sulphate 400 mg/lit 200 mg/lit
Sr. No Sample No. pH Conductance

1 W-1 7.52 905.7


2 W-2 7.56 832.8
3 W-3 9.32 3.314
4 W-4 7.80 910
5 W-5 7.90 907.8
6 W-6 8.15 1.934
7 W-7 8.40 796.6
Sr. No. Sample Location COD
(mg/l)

1 W-1 90

2 W-2 130

3 W-3 120

4 W-4 112

5 W-5 114

6 W-6 110

7 W-7 112
Sr. No. Sample Location Total Hardness (mg/l)

1 W-1 375

2 W-2 350

3 W-3 755

4 W-4 325

5 W-5 385

6 W-6 730

7 W-7 275
Sr. No. Sample Location Ca Mg

1 W-1 200 175

2 W-2 180 170

3 W-3 110 645

4 W-4 250 75

5 W-5 150 235

6 W-6 384 346

7 W-7 144 131


Sr. No. Sample Location Phosphates Sulphates Nitrates

1 W-1 4.2 200 39

2 W-2 3.3 150 25

3 W-3 3.2 134 28

4 W-4 2.1 108 23

5 W-5 2.3 218 42

6 W-6 4.5 204 36

7 W-7 3.1 165 30


From the above analysis and obtained results
we conclude that; Phosphate, Nitrates, sodium &
potassium content of the water sample collected
from different areas of Hambardi village are within
prescribed limits WHO and BIS.
But the pH of water sample from W-3 & W-7
is found to above prescribed limit. COD for the
water samples collected from W-1 & W-2 are also
found above the maximum limit suggested by WHO.
Sample water from W-2 , W-4 & W-7 area of
Hambardi village are found poor in Hardness than
prescribed limit of BIS however, it is within
permissible limit of WHO.
Standards methods for the examination of the water
and waste water, APHA, 20th edition 1998.
Trivedy R K and Goel P K, Chemical biological methods
for waste water pollution studies, Environmental
publication, Karad, India.
Dr. Bandela N N, Masarrat Sultana, Er. Uday P Patil,
Mannual of Environmental pollution analysis, First
Edition, -Prithvi Publication. 2005.
Dr. B Subha rao, Dr. S V Ranade, Prof J M Gadgil, Shri
S D Khambe, Laboratory manual of environmental
chemistry, Goel Publication house Meerat.
Kaur H Syal J And Dhilon S S, WQI of the river Sutluj,
Pollution research, 20(2), 199-204, 2001.