Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 46

GOPALA KRISHNA

BASICS
1. NO & NC CONTACTS
2. CIRCUIT BREAKER AUX SWITCH
3. ISOLATOR AUX SWITCH
4. PRESSURE SWITCH & DENSITY MONITOR
5. ANNUNCIATION
6. INDICATION
7. SEMOPHORE
8. CB OPERATING MECHANISAMS
9. CB ARC QUENCHING METHODS
10. INTERLOCKS BETWEEN CB & ISO
11. INTERLOCKS FOR LOCAL CLOSE OF CB
12. INTERLOCKS FOR REMOTE CLOSE OF CB
13. INTERLOCKS FOR ISOLATOR
14. INTERLOCKS FOR EARTH SWITCH
15. CB CLOSING CIRCUIT
16. CB TRIPPING CIRCUIT
17. WHAT IS BISTABLE RELAYS-NORMAL SWITCH
18. WHAT IS MONOSTABLE RELAYS-BELL SWITCH
19. ANTIPUMPING CONTACTOR
20. WHAT IS TSR & PRE CLOSE & POST CLOSE
21. AC FAIL CONTACTOR
22. DC FAIL CONTACTOR
23. SYNCHROSCOPE SOCKET – REQUIREMENTS – CONDITIONS
24. CB POLE DISCREPANCY RELAY
25. BINARY INPUT & BINARY OUTPUT OF RELAY
26. TNC SWITCH
27. LOCAL REMOTE SWITCH
28. SPRING CHARGE LIMIT SWITCH
29. TYPES OF WIRING- INTRA, INTER & CABLE SCHEDULE
30. PT / CVT IN MB
31. PT DISTRIBUTION
32. BUS PT SELCTION LOGIC
33. BUSPT LINE CVT SELECTOR SWITCH
34. CT IN MB & CORE CLASS & TERMINATION & STAR FORMATION FOR BUS & CIRCUIT
35. STANDARDS FOLLOWING
36. CABLE SCHEDULE
C & R Panel Contains
1. AC Circuits

2. DC Circuits

3. CT Circuits

4. PT/CVT Circuits
PURPOSE OF AC CIRCUITS
1. DOOR LAMP
2. PANEL HEATER
3. PLUG SOCKET
4. AUX SUPPLY TO ANNUNCIATION FACIA
5. AUXILIARY SUPPLY TO TRANSDUCER CKT
6. DC FAIL CIRCUIT

AC CIRCUITS are to be Extended to


1. Control Panel
2. Circuit Breaker Marshaling Box
3. Switch Yard Bay Marshalling Box
4. Current Transformer Marshalling Box
5. CVT / PT / EMVT Marshalling Box
6. ISOLATOR Operation (3-Ph)
7. Circuit Breaker Operating Mechanism Drive(3-Ph)
PURPOSE OF DC CIRCUITS
1. INDICATION CIRCUITS
2. ANNUNCIATION CIRCUITS
3. CB CLOSING COIL & TRIP COIL-1 CKT
4. CB TRIP COIL-2 CKT
5. TO SYNCHRONISATION CIRCUIT
6. TO MAIN-1(21M1/ 87T) PROTECTION
7. TO MAIN-2 or BU(21M2/ 67) PROTECTION
8. TO AC SUPERVISION
9. TO ISOLATOR CONTROL
10. TO ISOLATOR INTERLOCK
INDICATION CIRCUITS
1. CB 52 CLOSE & OPEN
2. CB 52 TC-1 HEALTHY
3. CB 52 TC-2 HEALTHY
4. CB 52 SPRING CHARGED
5. CB 52 CAPACITOR CHARGED
6. CB 52 SEMAPHORE INDICATIOR
7. BUS ISOLATOR 29/89 CLOSE & OPEN
8. BUS ISO 29/89 SEMAPHORE INDICATOR
9. LINE ISOLATOR 29/89L CLOSE & OPEN
10.LINE ISO 29/89L SEMAPHORE
INDICATOR
GROUP - A & GROUP - B TRIPPINGS
For 400KV Stations there shall be two separate Battery systems available for Protection, Control
& Tripping/Closing Operations. To obtain Redundancy and to be able to take Protection out for
Maintenance, while Equipment is in service, the Relays are Electrically and Physically
segregated in to two groups. Grouping is done to the extent possible in such a way that each
group can independently carryout Protective functions with near equal redundancy. Inter
connection of these two groups shall not be generally be attempted.
DISTRIBUTION OF DC SUPPLY SHALL BE DONE BAY WISE TO FEED THE FOLLOWING
1. PROTECTION
2. CB CONTROL
3. ISOLATOR / EARTH SWITCH CONTROL
4. ANNUNCIATION / INDICATION
LINE PROTECTION TRANSFORMER PROTECTION REACTOR PROTECTION
GROUP-A GROUP-A GROUP-A
MAIN-1 PROTECTION T/F DIFFERENTIAL RELAY REACTOR DIFFERENTIAL RELAY
M1 BUILT IN FUNCTIONS T/F HV BACKUP RELAY REACTOR BACKUP / 21R RELAY
TEED-1 PROTECTION T/F IMP / 21T RELAY OIL TEMP HIGH TRIP
OVER VOLTAGE STAGE-1 PROT T/F HV OVERFLUX RELAY PRESURE RELIEF TRIP
DIRECT TRIP CHANNEL-1 RECEIVED OIL TEMP HIGH TRIP GROUP-B
GROUP-B PRESURE RELIEF TRIP REACTOR REF RELAY
MAIN-2 PROTCTION TERITIARY DELTA WNDG NDR PROT BUCHHOLZ TRIP
M2 BUILT IN FUNCTIONS GROUP-B WINDING TEMP HIGH TRIP
TEED-2 PROTECTION T/F REF / HIGH Z DIFF RELAY LOW/ HIGH OIL LEVEL TRIP
OVER VOLTAGE STAGE-2 PROT BUCHHOLZ TRIP FIRE PROTECTION TRIP
LBB/BFR RELAY T/F LV BACKUP RELAY
DIRECT TRIP CHANNEL-2 RECEIVED T/F NEUTRAL CURRENT / 51 O/C RLY
T/F LV OVERFLUX RELAY
OVER LOAD PROT (ALARM ONLY)
OLTC BUCHHOLZ TRIP
WINDING TEMP HIGH TRIP
LOW/ HIGH OIL LEVEL TRIP
VOLTAGE SUPPLY SELECTION
BUS-1 BUS-2
CT 89L WAVE TRAP

3
52 CB LINE

89A 89B

CVT LA/SA
PT/EMVT PT/EMVT
 IF 89A ISOLATOR CLOSED BUS-1 PT VOLTAGE WILL BE SELECTED
 IF 89B ISOLATOR CLOSED BUS-2 PT VOLTAGE WILL BE SELECTED
 IF VOLTAGE SELECTOR SWITCH IS KEPT IN BUS THEN BUS PT
VOLTAGE IS EXTENDED TO RELAY
 IF VOLTAGE SELECTOR SWITCH IS KEPT IN LINE THEN LINE CVT
VOLTAGE IS EXTENDED TO RELAY
 THE CIRCUIT DIAGRAM SHOWN IN NEXT PRESENTATION
 BUS-1 & BUS-2 PT IS COMING TO PT DISTRIBUTION BOX AND
DISTRIBUTED FURTHER.
VOLTAGE SUPPLY SELECTION
89AX MANUAL
+VE VOLTAGE
-VE SELECTOR

BUS-1 PT SUPPLY
SWITCH.
BUS LINE
R N
PT CVT
Y
89A B
BUS-1 ISOLATOR N

21 MAIN-1
89BX OR
+VE
21 MAIN-2
-VE
BUS-2 PT SUPPLY

PROT
R
Y RELAY
89B B
BUS-2 ISOLATOR N
LINE CVT SUPPLY

R
Y
B
N
CT NAME PLATE DETAILS
CLASS OF PRIMARY SECONDARY KNEE POINT MAGNETISING
CORE RATIO CORE RESISTANCE
ACCURACY WINDING WINDING VOLTAGE CURRENT
500/1 1S1 – 1S2 1000V 120mA 2.5 OHMS
PS
1 1000/1 PI – P2 1S1 – 1S3 2000V 60mA 5.0 OHMS
(PROTECTION)
2000/1 1S1 – 1S4 4000V 30mA 10.0 OHMS
500/1 2S1 – 2S2 1000V 120mA 2.5 OHMS
PS
2 1000/1 PI – P2 2S1 – 2S3 2000V 60mA 5.0 OHMS
(PROTECTION)
2000/1 2S1 – 2S4 4000V 30mA 10.0 OHMS
500/1 3S1 – 3S2
0.2
3 1000/1 PI – P2 3S1 – 3S3 BURDEN = 40VA
(METERING)
2000/1 3S1 – 3S4
500/1 4S1 – 4S2 1000V 120mA 2.5 OHMS
PS
4 1000/1 PI – P2 4S1 – 4S3 2000V 60mA 5.0 OHMS
(PROTECTION)
2000/1 4S1 – 4S4 4000V 30mA 10.0 OHMS
500/1 5S1 – 5S2 1000V 120mA 2.5 OHMS
PS
5 1000/1 PI – P2 5S1 – 5S3 2000V 60mA 5.0 OHMS
(PROTECTION)
2000/1 5S1 – 5S4 4000V 30mA 10.0 OHMS
CVT NAME PLATE DETAILS
SECONDARY
CORE CLASS OF ACCURACY PRIMARY WINDING PRIMARY VOLTAGE SECONDARY VOLTAGE VA BURDEN
WINDING
3P 1a1 – 1n
1 P1 – E 400KV / √3 110V / √3 200 VA
(PROTECTION) 1a2 – 1n
3P 2a1 – 2n
2 P1 – E 400KV / √3 110V / √3 200 VA
(PROTECTION) 2a2 – 2n
0.2 3a1 – 3n
3 P1 – E 400KV / √3 110V / √3 100 VA
(METERING) 3a2 – 3n

SECONDARY
CORE CLASS OF ACCURACY PRIMARY WINDING PRIMARY VOLTAGE SECONDARY VOLTAGE VA BURDEN
WINDING
3P 1a1 – 1n
1 P1 – E 220KV / √3 110V / √3 200 VA
(PROTECTION) 1a2 – 1n
3P 2a1 – 2n
2 P1 – E 220KV / √3 110V / √3 200 VA
(PROTECTION) 2a2 – 2n
0.2 3a1 – 3n
3 P1 – E 220KV / √3 110V / √3 100 VA
(METERING) 3a2 – 3n
PT / EMVT NAME PLATE DETAILS
SECONDARY
CORE CLASS OF ACCURACY PRIMARY WINDING PRIMARY VOLTAGE SECONDARY VOLTAGE VA BURDEN
WINDING
3P 1a1 – 1n
1 P1 – E 220KV / √3 110V / √3 200 VA
(PROTECTION) 1a2 – 1n
3P 2a1 – 2n
2 P1 – E 220KV / √3 110V / √3 200 VA
(PROTECTION) 2a2 – 2n
3a1 – 3n
3 0.2 P1 – E 220KV / √3 110V / √3 100 VA
3a2 – 3n

SECONDARY
CORE CLASS OF ACCURACY PRIMARY WINDING PRIMARY VOLTAGE SECONDARY VOLTAGE VA BURDEN
WINDING
0.2 1a1 – 1n
1 P1 – E 132KV / √3 110V / √3 100 VA
(METERING) 1a2 – 1n
0.5 2a1 – 2n
2 P1 – E 132KV / √3 110V / √3 100 VA
(PROTECTION) 2a2 – 2n
3P 3a1 – 3n
3 P1 – E 132KV / √3 110V / √3 100 VA
(PROTECTION) 3a2 – 3n
BUS-1 PT/EMVT
PRIMARY VOLTAGE UUUUU
220 KV / 1.732 UUUUU
SECONDARY VOLTAGE
BUS-1
110V/1.732 UUUUU

P1
OPEN DELTA CL: 0.5 MAIN-1 PROT CL:3P MAIN-2 PROT CL:3P METERING CL: 0.2
UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU
PTMB

TO CONTROL ROOM PT DISTRIBUTION PANEL

BUS-2 PT/EMVT
PRIMARY VOLTAGE UUUUU
220 KV / 1.732 UUUUU
SECONDARY VOLTAGE
110V/1.732 UUUUU
BUS-2

P1
BUS PT AT YARD

OPEN DELTA CL: 0.5 MAIN-1 PROT CL:3P MAIN-2 PROT CL:3P METERING CL: 0.2
UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU UUU
PTMB

TO CONTROL ROOM PT DISTRIBUTION PANEL


BUS PT DISTRIBUTION PANEL
(EXCEPT FOR 1-1/2CB / DBDCB / RING SYSTEM)
X02
BUS-1 PT DISTRIBUTION X12 X22 BUS-2 PT DISTRIBUTION X02
1 1 1 51
2 2 2 52
3 3 3 53
4 4 4 54
5 5 5 55
6 6 6 56
7 7 7 57
8 8 8 58
9 9 9 59
10 10 10 60
11 11 11 61
12 12 12 62
13 13 13 63
14 14 14 64
TO INDIVIDUAL
C&R PANEL
EACH SET FOR
EACH CIRCUIT
PT/CVT & CT MARSHLING BOX
TB 1 TB 2 TB 3 TB 4 TB 5 TB 1 TB 2 TB 3
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11
12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16
17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17
TB 6

TB 4
10

10
3
4

3
4
2

2
7
8
9

7
8
9
5
5
6

6
1

CT MARSHELLING BOX CVT/PT MARSHELLING BOX


BAY MARSHLING BOX
TB 1 TB 2 TB 3 TB 4 TB 5 MAIN MCB MCB
1 51 101 151 201 MCB -1 -2
3-PH 3-PH 3-PH
100A 25A 25A

MAIN MCB MCB MAIN MCB


-3 -4 -5 -6 -8
3-PH 3-PH 3-PH 3-PH 3-PH
10A 10A 10A 10A 10A

MAIN MCB MCB MAIN MCB


-9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13
3-PH 3-PH 3-PH 3-PH 3-PH
10A 10A 10A 10A 10A

MAIN MCB MCB MAIN MCB


-1 -2 -3 -4 -5
1-PH 1-PH 1-PH 1-PH 1-PH
50 100 150 200 250 5A 5A 5A 5A 5A

BAY MARSHELLING BOX BACK VIEW BAY MARSHELLING BOX FRONT VIEW
TB DISTRIBUTION AC DISTRIBUTION
IMPORTANT GUIDELINES
CT & VT Earthing
 CT / VT secondary neutrals should be earthed at one
point only.
 VT secondary neutral earthing is done at equipment
itself.
 It is preferable to earth the CT secondary neutral in the
control / protection cubicle in order to provide
maximum security to the operating personnel.
CT POLARITY
 As a practice the P1 terminal of the CT shall be towards
the bus and P2 away from the bus.
 From the above for Main-1, Main-2 & Metering – Primary
current flows from P1 to P2. Accordingly secondary
current Flows S2 to S1. Star formation is all S2s.
 For the BBM & BBC – Primary current flows from P2 to
P1. Accordingly secondary current Flows S1 to S2. Star
formation is all S1s. Please conclude here.
CABLE SCHEDULE
CABLE SCHEDULE
1. NAME OF THE SUBSTATION: 2. NAME OF THE FEEDER/ TRANSFORMER:
3. CB DETAILS: 4. CT DETAILS
5. CVT / PT / EMVT DETAILS: 6. ISOLATOR DETAILS
7. C&R PANEL DETAILS: 8. POWER TRANSFORMER DETAILS :
FROM TO CORE
S.No Cable DESCRIPTION / PURPOSE Cable REFERENCE
ID PANEL TB No FERRULE PANEL TB No FERRULE & Size NO
CABLE SCHEDULE
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
FROM TO
S.No
PANEL TB No FERRULE PANEL TB No FERRULE
1 5S1 TB-5-1 R-5S1
2 5S2 TB-5-2 R-5S2
3
R – PH CT CORE - 5 5S3
CTMB
TB-5-3 R-5S3
4 5S4 TB-5-4 R-5S4
5 5S1 TB-5-6 Y-5S1
6 5S2 TB-5-7 Y-5S2
7
Y – PH CT CORE - 5 5S3
CTMB
TB-5-8 Y-5S3
8 5S4 TB-5-9 Y-5S4
9 5S1 TB-5-11 B-5S1
10 5S2 TB-5-12 B-5S2
11
Y – PH CT CORE - 5 5S3
CTMB
TB-5-13 B-5S3
12 5S4 TB-5-14 B-5S4
CABLE SCHEDULE
8 9 10 11 12
DESCRIPTION / CABLE CORE
REFERENCE REMARKS
PURPOSE & SIZE No
1
R-PH CT TO
2 DRG NO:
CT MB OF 4C X 2.5
3 PAGE NO
CORE-5
4
1
Y-PH CT TO
2 DRG NO:
CT MB OF 4C X 2.5
3 PAGE NO
CORE-5
4
1
B-PH CT TO
2 DRG NO:
CT MB OF 4C X 2.5
3 PAGE NO
CORE-5
4
CIRCUIT BREAKER
S.No DESCRIPTION INCASE OF CGL BREAKER
1 LOCAL CLOSING INTERLOCK K5, K5A
2 LOCAL CLOSE (IN CB CUBICLE) - -
3 REMOTE CLOSE (FROM CONTROL PANEL HAND CLOSE) K1
4 LOCAL TRIP ( IN CB CUBICLE) --
5 REMOTE TRIP COIL-1 (FROM CONTROL PANEL HAND TRIP) K21A, K21B, K21C
6 REMOTE TRIP COIL-2 (FROM CONTROL PANEL HAND TRIP) K41A, K41B, K41C
7 CB OPEN INDICATION A11, A12-B11,B12-C11,C12
8 CB CLOSE INDICATION A41, A42-B41,B42-C41,C42
9 DC SUPPLY J1, J2 & J11 & J12
10 PROTECTION CLOSE OR AUTO RE-CLOSE K3
11 PROTECTION TRIP COIL-1 & POST CLOSE SUPERVISION K23A, K23B, K23C
12 PROTECTION TRIP COIL-2 & POST CLOSE SUPERVISION K43A, K43B, K43C
13 PRE CLOSE SUPERVISION OF TRIP COIL-1 K31A, K31B, K31C
14 PRE CLOSE SUPERVISION OF TRIP COIL-2 K49A, K49B, K49C
15 CB CONTACT DICTRIBUTION. NOs – 8, NCs – 8
16 CB POLE DISTURBANCE RELAY.
17 CB CONTACT MULTIPLICATION RELAY.
18 CB TROUBLE ALARMS - 63 AR, GA, GL, AL, AG, AA, OA
CIRCUIT BREAKER CLOSING CIRCUIT
J3
T N C
LCIL LOCAL J4
K1 K3 K5 52Y SPL 63N 63HO 63G 63A 52b
52CC
K3A
REMOTE 52Y
52Y 52Y
A/R CLOSE
SLS

52a

SSSS
SSS REMOTE
T N C SERVICE
CLOSE
86A 86B 96BB

BYPASS
REMOTE CLOSE INTERLOCK
21M1 A/R

A/R CLOSE

21M2 A/R

CONTROL & RELAY PANEL


CIRCUIT BREAKER TRIPPING CIRCUIT
PB
EMERGENCY TRIP
J3
T N C
LOCAL J4

63N 63HO 63G 63A 52a


52TC

PROTECTION TRIP
REMOTE

+ POST CLOSE
SUPERVISION

SUPERVISION
PRE CLOSE
C&R PANEL
T N C

REMOTE J14
J13 63N 63HO 63G 63A 52a
T N C 52TC
PROTECTION TRIP

LOCAL
+ POST CLOSE
SUPERVISION

SUPERVISION
PRE CLOSE
PB

EMERGENCY TRIP
NOMINCLATURES
52 CB AUX CONTACT OPEN 52b CB AUX CONTACT
a WHEN CB OPEN CLOSE WHEN CB OPEN Synchronization Requirements
52
CC
CB CLSOING COIL 52T
C-1
CB TRIP COIL-1 1. Voltages must be match
63 AIR PRESSURE 52 CB TRIP COIL-2
2. Frequency must be match
A CONTACT TC- 3. Phase angle must be match
2
63 SF6 GAS PRESSURE 63 HYDRAULIC OIL 1. Line Voltage
G CONTACT HO PRESSURE CONTACT
2. Bus Voltage
63 NITROGEN PRESSURE 52Y ANTIPUMPING
N CONTACT CONTACTOR 3. DC Supply
SP SPRING CHARGE LIMIT LCIL LOCAL CLOSING 4. Closing Permission
LS SWITCH INTERLOCK
K3 REMOTE CLOSE TNC TRIP NEUTRAL CLOSE
A SWITCH
18 MONOSTABLE & SELF 86 A BISTABLE & HAND
6 RESETING 86 B RESETING
28 FAST ACTING HIGH 96 HIGH SPEED TRIP
6 SPEED TRIP RELAYS BB RELAY /
MASTER TRIP RELAYS
A/ AUTO RECLOSURE SSS SYNCHROSCOPE
R S SELECTOR SWITCH
SS SYNCHROSCOPE SOCKET PB PUSH BUTTON
S
LR LOCAL REMOTE SWITCH
LOCAL CLOSING INTERLOCK
TAKE AN EXAMPLE OF SINGLE BUS SYSTEM

89 / 29 89 / 29 L
52 CB
BUS

89 / 29 E 89 / 29 LE

89 / 29 AE
LOCAL CLOSING INTERLOCK DRAWING
89M/B 89L 89 E 89AE
K1 K3

REQUIRED INTERLOCK 1. BUS ISOLATOR OPEN CONDITION


FOR LOCAL CLOSING 2. LINE ISOLATOR OPEN CONDITION
NORMALLY DURING 3. 89E EARTH SWITCH CLOSED
MAINTANENCE 4. 89AE EARTH SWITCH CLOSED
POLE DISTURBANCE RELAY
THIS RELAY COMES IN TO PICTURE THE CIRCUIT BREAKER 3POLES ARE INTER
CONNECTED THROUGH ELECTRICALLY NOT MECHANICALLY.
WHEN THREE POLES ARE SIMULTANEOUSLY NOT OPEN OR CLOSE THEN THE
RELAY ACTS AND TRIPS THE CIRCUIT BREAKER AFTER SOME TIME DELAY.
EXAMPLE: 220KV CB, 400KV CB, 765KV CB AND ABOVE VOLTAGE LEVEL
+VE
52 TC-1-R
R Y B 52a
52 TC-1-Y

TO CB TRIP
52 TC-1-B
TO ANNUN
TO SER

R Y B 52b 52 TC-2-R -VE

52 TC-2-Y

TIME DELAY 52 TC-2-B


RELAY

52 CIRCUIT BREAKER
-VE
TRIP CIRCUIT HEALTHY
-VE
TSR TO CB PROTECTION TRIP CB HEALTHYNESS 52 TC-1
+VE LED
+ POST CLOSE SUPERVISION

PRE CLOSE SUPERVISION 52b


TO TC-1 HEALTHY INDICATION

TO TC-1 FAULTY ANNUNCIATION

TO CB PROTECTION TRIP -VE


TSR CB HEALTHYNESS 52 TC-2
+VE + POST CLOSE SUPERVISION
LED
PRE CLOSE SUPERVISION 52b
TO TC-2 HEALTHY INDICATION

TO TC-2 FAULTY ANNUNCIATION

CONTROL & RELAY PANEL CIRCUIT BREAKER CENTRAL MB


MAIN-1 PROTECTION OPERATED
+VE -VE

21 MAIN-1
186 R1
R PHASE
186 R2
TO LBB
TO TC-1
TO TC-1 TO TC-2
TO TC-2

186 Y1
Y PHASE
186 Y2
TO LBB
TO TC-1
TO TC-1
TO TC-2
TO TC-2

186 B1
B PHASE
186 B2

TO LBB
TO TC-1
TO TC-1
TO TC-2
TO TC-2

BINARY OUTPUT
MAIN-2 PROTECTION OPERATED
+VE -VE

21 MAIN-2
286 R1
R PHASE
286 R2
TO LBB
TO TC-1
TO TC-1 TO TC-2
TO TC-2

286 Y1
Y PHASE
286 Y2
TO LBB
TO TC-1
TO TC-1
TO TC-2
TO TC-2

286 B1
B PHASE
286 B2

TO LBB
TO TC-1
TO TC-1
TO TC-2
TO TC-2

BINARY OUTPUT
86 GA (MASTER TRIP RELAY) OPERATION
+VE
PB RESET -VE

21 MAIN-1
OPERATED
M1 BUILT IN FUNCTIONS TO ANN
TEED-1 PROTECTION TO SER
OVER VOLTAGE STAGE-1 PROT
DIRECT TRIP CHANNEL-1 RECEIVED TO CL I/L
TO LBB

TO TC-1

TO TC-2

TO M1 DR
TO M2 DR

86 GA MASTER TRIP RELAY


86 GB (MASTER TRIP RELAY) OPERATION
+VE
PB RESET -VE

21 MAIN-2
OPERATED
M2 BUILT IN FUNCTIONS
TO ANN
TEED-2 PROTECTION
TO SER
OVER VOLTAGE STAGE-2 PROT
LBB/BFR RELAY TO CL I/L
DIRECT TRIP CHANNEL-2 RECEIVED TO LBB

TO TC-1

TO TC-2

TO M1 DR
TO M2 DR

86 GB MASTER TRIP RELAY


87 BUSBAR-1 PROTECTION TRIPPING SCHEME
BAY1 CR PANEL HIGH SPEED
TRIP RELAY
TRIP FROM 50 LBB
(96BB) FOR
TO START 50 LBB BAY1
BAY2 CB PANEL HIGH SPEED
TRIP FROM 50 LBB TRIP RELAY
TO START 50 LBB
(96BB) FOR
BAY2
BAY3 CB PANEL
TRIP FROM 50 LBB
HIGH SPEED
TRIP RELAY
TO START 50 LBB (96 BB) FOR
87 BUSBAR BAY3
HIGH SPEED
BAY4 CB PANEL TRIP RELAY
TRIP FROM 50 LBB (96 BB) FOR
BAY4
TO START 50 LBB

BAY5 CB PANEL
HIGH SPEED
TRIP RELAY
TRIP FROM 50 LBB
(96BB)FOR
TO START 50 LBB BAY5
BAY6 CB PANEL HIGH SPEED
TRIP FROM 50 LBB TRIP RELAY
(96 BB) FOR
TO START 50 LBB
BAY6
+VE
BUSBAR PANEL
96 BB (MASTER TRIP RELAY) OPERATION
+VE
PB RESET -VE

87 BUSBAR
OPERATED

TO D/T-1
FROM LBB TO D/T-2
TO ANNUN
TO CL I/L
TO LBB
TO SER

TO TC-1

TO TC-2

TO M1 DR
TO M2 DR

96 BB MASTER TRIP RELAY


TRANSFORMER TROUBLES TRIPPING
GR-A
86 AX
+VE -VE
OIL TEMP TRIP
+VE TO 3PH GR-A 400KV MAIN CB
TO 3PH GR-A 220KV MAIN CB
DIFF RELAY 87T
BUCHHOLZ TRIP

OL RELAY 51OL
PRD-1 TRIP

HV O/L+E/F PROT 67
86 AY
PRD-2 TRIP

NDR RELAY 151N

HV O/F RELAY 99T


TRANSFORMER TROUBLES TRIPPING
GR-B
86 BX

+VE -VE
OLTC BUCHHOLZ-R TRIP
+VE TO 3PH GR-B 400KV MAIN CB
TO 3PH GR-B 220KV MAIN CB
REF RELAY 64REF
OLTC BUCHHOLZ-Y TRIP

STUB RELAY 50ST


OLTC BUCHHOLZ –B TRIP

86 BY
LV O/L+E/F PROT 67
WNDG TEMP-HV TRIP

LV O/F RELAY 99T


WNDG TEMP-LV TRIP

WNDG TEMP-IV TRIP


LBB Operation & Output
INITIATION
LBB / BFR
186 R
186 Y
TIMER
186 B 50X
+VE -VE
286 R
286 Y
286 B TO D/T CH-1
86 GR-A TO D/T CH-2
86 GR-B TO ANNUN
96 BB TO MAIN1 DR
TO MAIN2 DR
TO SER
TO 86 GR-A
TO 86 GR-B
TO BUSBAR
TRIP COIL-1 CIRCUITS
TRIP COIL-1
186R1 186Y1 186B1

186R2 186Y2 186B2


186R1, 186R2, 186Y1, 186Y2, 186B1, 186B2
ARE CB 1-PH TRIP UNIT OF GR-A. THESE
286R1 286Y1 286B1 ARE SELF RESETING.
286R1, 286R2, 286Y1, 286Y2, 286B1, 286B2
ARE CB 1-PH TRIP UNIT OF GR-B. THESE
ARE SELF RESETING.
286R2 286Y2 286B2 THE BELOW ARE HAND RESETING.
86GR-A, 86GR-B ARE 3-PH TRIP UNITS.
96 BB IS BUSBAR TRIPPING RELAY
86GR-A

86GR-B

96BB
TRIP COIL-2 CIRCUITS
TRIP COIL-2
186R1 186Y1 186B1

186R2 186Y2 186B2


186R1, 186R2, 186Y1, 186Y2, 186B1, 186B2
ARE CB 1-PH TRIP UNIT OF GR-A. THESE
286R1 286Y1 286B1 ARE SELF RESETING.
286R1, 286R2, 286Y1, 286Y2, 286B1, 286B2
ARE CB 1-PH TRIP UNIT OF GR-B. THESE
ARE SELF RESETING.
286R2 286Y2 286B2 THE BELOW ARE HAND RESETING.
86GR-A, 86GR-B ARE 3-PH TRIP UNITS.
96 BB IS BUSBAR TRIPPING RELAY
86GR-A

86GR-B

96BB
CB CONTACT MULTIPLICATION
S.No R-PHASE Y-PHASE B- PHASE REF PURPOSE A-POLE B-POLE C-POLE
1 A11,A12 B11,B12 C11,C12

2 A13,A14 B13,B14 C13,C14

3 A15,A16 B15,B16 C15,C16

4 A17,A18 B17,B18 C17,C18

5 A19,A20 B19,B20 C19,C20

6 A21,A22 B21,B22 C21,C22

7 A23,A24 B23,B24 C23,C24

8 A25,A26 B25,B26 C25,C26

9 A41,A42 B41,B42 C41,C42

10 A43,A44 B43,B44 C43,C44

11 A45,A46 B45,B46 C45,C46

12 A47,A48 B47,B48 C47,C48

13 A49,A50 B49,B50 C49,C50

14 A51,A52 B51,B52 C51,C52

15 A53,A54 B53,B54 C53,C54

16 A55,A56 B55,B56 C55,C56


PROTECTION COUPLER PANEL
1- TX 1- TX
C C
TRIP TRIP
NSD 50/ S
A(C)
S
C(A)

ALARM-1
5 2+

250V DC
2+
NSD 70
ACTIVE START TRIP 5- RX 5- RX
6 C C
TRIP TRIP
R R
6+ A(C) 6+ C(A)

DISPLAY
9- TX 9- TX
C C
S TRIP TRIP
S
ALARM-2

C 7 B(D) D(B)
250V DC

10+ 10+

8 13- 13-
C RX C
RX
E R TRIP R TRIP
14+ B(D) 14+ D(B)

G4AA TB: V9LB G4AC TB: V9LC GA4D TB:V9LD


PROTECTION COUPLERS FOR 400KV LINE
 FOR EACH LINE 2Nos PROTECTION COUPLER PANELS PROVIDED.
 FOR EACH LINE 1NO CARRIER SPEECH PANEL PROVIDED.
 SO, ONE LINE REQUIRES TOTAL 3 PANELS.
 CARRIER SPEECH PANEL PURELY FOR VOICE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN
TWO SUBSTATIONS, i.e THE LINE CONNECTED SUBSTATIONS.
 THE VOICE COMMUNICATION ARE TWO METHODS PROVIDED.
 ONE IS HOTLINE COMMUNICATION/DEDICATED/ LIFT&TALK METHOD.
 ANOTHER IS DIAL METHOD.
 IN PROTECTION COUPLER PANEL-1 TOTAL 3 CARDS ARE IMPORTANT FOR
SENDING & RECEIVING TRIP SIGNALS.
 ONE CARD FOR ALARM i.e G4AA. ONE CARD FOR PERMISSIVE/PROTECTION
TRIP i.e G4AC & ANOTHER CARD FOR DIRECT TRIPS i.e G4AD.
 IN PROTECTION COUPLER-2 PANEL ALSO 3 CARDS ARE PROVIDED SIMILAR TO
PROTECTION COUPLER-1 PANEL.
 THE PROTECTION COUPLER PANEL DRAWING IS SHOWN IN PREVIOUS MENU.
 1SET TX & RX FOR PERMISSIVE/ PROTECTION TRIP(G4AC)
 1SET TX & RX FOR BACKUP FOR PERMISSIVE/ PROTECTION IN ANOTHER
PANEL(G4AC).
 1SET TX & RX FOR DIRECT TRIP CHANNEL-1( G4AD).
 1SET TX & RX FOR SPARE UNDER EMERGENCY(G4AD).
 THE ABOVE ARRANGEMENT SIMILAR FOR PROTECTION COUPLER PANEL-2.
 G4AA CARD FOR ALARM.
MAIN-1 PROTECTION CARRIER INTER TRIPPING
NSD 50
G4AC V9LC 1
G4AC V9LC 6 ABB REL521
IN OUT
CR
CARRIER RECEIVE
G4AC V9LC 5 -VE

CS
G4AC V9LC 2 CARRIER SEND

G4AA V9LB 5
ABB

G4AA V9LB 6 ALARM

PANEL-1
+VE -VE
NSD 50

G4AC V9LC 10
G4AC V9LC 13
THIS IS BACKUP FOR PERMISSIVE/ PROTECTION TRIP
G4AC V9LC 14 AND CONNECTED IN ANOTHER PANEL

G4AC V9LC 9
ABB

PANEL-2
MAIN-2 PROTECTION CARRIER INTER TRIPPING
NSD 50
G4AC V9LC 1
G4AC V9LC 6 ABB REL316
IN OUT
CR
CARRIER RECEIVE
G4AC V9LC 5 -VE

CS
G4AC V9LC 2 CARRIER SEND

G4AA V9LB 5
ABB

ALARM
G4AA V9LB 6
PANEL-2
+VE -VE
NSD 50

G4AC V9LC 10
G4AC V9LC 13
THIS IS BACKUP FOR PERMISSIVE/ PROTECTION TRIP
G4AC V9LC 14 AND CONNECTED IN ANOTHER PANEL

G4AC V9LC 9
ABB

PANEL-1
DIRECT TRIP SEND CARRIER CHANNEL-1
PANEL-1
ABB
NSD 50
DC +VE
BUSBAR PROTECTION PANEL FROM PANEL

87 BUSBAR TRIP (ZONE-1)

CONTROL PANEL
T NC

MAIN CB(1-52CB)
. G4AD V9LC 2

G4AD V9LC 1

RELAY PANEL
DC –VE FROM PANEL

50 LBB/BFR

OVER VOLTAGE STAGE 1 or 2


DIRECT TRIP SEND CARRIER CHANNEL-2
PANEL-2
ABB
NSD 50
DC +VE
BUSBAR PROTECTION PANEL FROM PANEL

87 BUSBAR TRIP (ZONE-1)

CONTROL PANEL
T NC

MAIN CB(1-52CB)
. G4AD V9LC 2

G4AD V9LC 1

RELAY PANEL
DC –VE FROM PANEL

50 LBB/BFR

OVER VOLTAGE STAGE 1 or 2


DIRECT TRIP RECEIVE CHANNEL-1&2
PANEL-1
ABB
TO MAIN2 DR
NSD 50 TO MAIN1 DR
DC +VE TO ANNUNCIATION
TO 86-A MASTER TRIP RELAY
G4AD V9LC 6 (HIGH SPEED TRIP RELAY)
DIRECT TRIP-1
CARRIER RECEIVE
G4AD V9LC 5 RELAY

+VE -VE
PANEL-2
ABB
TO MAIN2 DR
NSD 50 TO MAIN1 DR
DC +VE TO ANNUNCIATION
TO 86-B MASTER TRIP RELAY
G4AD V9LC 6 (HIGH SPEED TRIP RELAY)
DIRECT TRIP-2
CARRIER RECEIVE
G4AD V9LC 5 RELAY