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JOURNALISTIC

WRITING
“Cracking codes”
Decode each letter by solving the following
simple mathematical problems, and then
convert what is its corresponding letter on
our table. The first students to get the
correct answer for each problem will have 3
points.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

2x2= 181-155 =
5+8-10 = 2
32/4= √16 =
105 x 2 – 191 = √484 =
10+20-12=
238/17=
85/5=
2+2+2+2=
3x0 =
√121=
Answer: _________ Answer: ____________
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

4+1 =
1(4) = 68/2-16=
435 (0) = 150/10=
5x2+9= 92/2-30=
2212/158+6 = 500/20-8=
9/3+14= √361=
2+2= 900/50=

Answer: ____________
Answer: ____________
Journalistic Writing
• “Journalists cannot march in the parade.
They can only stand on the curb and
write about what goes past and why.”
• Roger Mudd, award-winning TV
journalist
What is Journalism?

Journalism is the
discipline of
gathering, writing and
reporting news.
Different forms of Journalism
• News
– Breaking news: Telling
about an event as it
happens.
– Feature stories: A detailed
look at something interesting
that's not breaking news.
– Enterprise or Investigative
stories: Stories that uncover
information that few people
knew.
Different forms of Journalism
• Opinion
– Editorials: Unsigned articles that
express a publication's opinion.
– Columns: Signed articles that
express the writer's reporting and
his conclusions.
– Reviews: Such as concert,
restaurant or movie reviews.
Different forms of Journalism
• Online, journalism can come
in the forms listed above, as
well as:
– Blogs: Online diaries kept
by individuals or small
groups.
– Discussion boards:
Online question and
answer pages where
anyone can participate.
– Wikis: Articles that any
reader can add to or
change.
Five Ws
• Consider the answers to the “Five Ws” about
that source:
– Who are they?
– What were they doing?
– Where were they doing it?
– When they do it?
– Why did they do it?
Most people have heard of the 5 W’s, even if
they’ve never taken a journalism class. The
W’s in question, as you probably know, refer
to the Who, What, When, Where and Why
that every story should address. Depending
on what the story is, how and when you
answer those W’s may change. If, for
example, you’re reporting on a drive-by
shooting in a city, we likely start with where
the crime happened (what street or area of
town for the local paper) and who was
involved.
Reporting
• Three main ways to gather
information for a news story
or opinion piece:
– Interviews: Talking with people
who know something about the
story you are reporting.
– Observation: Watching and
listening where news is taking
place.
– Documents: Reading stories,
reports, public records and
other printed material.
Reporting
•To retell events
purpose

•Headline
•Byline
•Column
structure •Subheadings
•Different type faces

•Clipped style

writer’s
•Mixture of direct indirect speech
•Summary of events in first paragraph
•Names, ages places inside commas
knowledge •broad view of story moving towards details

•Details to bring events alive


•Use specific names of people and places
•Recount significant events
contents •End by commenting upon events
•Do not refer to yourself
Writing
• Keys to writing good journalism:
– Get the facts. All the facts you
can.
– Tell your readers where you got
every bit of information you put in
your story.
– Be honest about what you do not
know.
– Don't try to write fancy. Keep it
clear.
Ethical Guidelines
• Everything should be verifiable
• Use of information not imagination
• Creative presentation of facts, not
“creation” of facts, scenes, or events
News writing
News writing follows a basic formula; there
are key elements every news story follows.
While styles can diverge more dramatically
depending on the kind of story a feature
story may look and sound very different than
a hard news one all news stories are cut
from the same mold. The first element of
news writing is, of course, to deliver the
news.
News writing is straightforward. Facts are
relayed without flourishes or interpretation. A
typical news story often constitutes a
headline with just enough explanation to
orient the reader. News stories lack the
depth of a feature story, or the questioning
approach of an investigative story. Rather,
they relay facts, events and information to
society in a straightforward, accurate and
unbiased manner.
Feature writing
Features do tend to take a more narrative
approach, perhaps using opening
paragraphs as scene-setting narrative hooks
instead of the delivery of the most important
facts. It tells the reader a story. It has a
beginning (lead), middle and end. It uses
quotes liberally and allows the reader to see
the story through detailed description and
vivid writing
Editorial writing
An editorial is an article that presents the
newspaper‘s opinion on an issue. It reflects the
majority vote of the editorial board, the governing
body of the newspaper made up of editors and
business managers. It is usually unsigned. Much in
the same manner of a lawyer, editorial writers build
on an argument and try to persuade readers to
think the same way they do. Editorials are meant
to influence public opinion, promote critical
thinking, and sometimes cause people to take
action on an issue. In essence, an editorial is an
opinionated news story.
Sports writing
Sports journalism is a form of writing that
reports on sporting topics and games. While
the sports department within some
newspapers has been mockingly called the
toy department, because sports journalists
do not concern themselves with the 'serious'
topics covered by the news desk, sports
coverage has grown in importance as sport
has grown in wealth, power and influence.
Seatwork #3
Modified True or False. Write SWEET if you find
the statement right and SOUR if the statement is
wrong then underline the word or phrase that
makes it erroneous.
_______1. A Sports news article is a persuasive
essay that offers a solution to a problem.
_______2. Feature Article is written in Inverted-
pyramid Format.
_______3. Feature article is made out of human
interest.
Seatwork #3
_______4. An article has a headline of
―Donaire Wins Big‖ is an example of News
Article.
_______5.An editorial is an article that
presents the newspaper's opinion on an
issue.
_______6. Proximity of news includes its
nearness or immediacy.
_______7. In writing an editorial one must
not take a stand.
Seatwork #3
_______8.Sports Article contains articles
about people well-known in sports.
_______9. An Editorial can be a profile of a
prominent or unique individual of interest to
the community.
_______ 10. Timeliness, prominence,
conflict, novelty are the keys of features of
News.
ASSIGNMENT
Bring different newspapers and
colored papers.
Group Activity
The Anthology of Journals: The learners will
be grouped by fives. They will come up with
an anthology of sample articles from
different types of Journalistic writing. Their
output will be graded according to the given
rubric.
Rubric:
Cover Page - 5
Resourcefulness - 5
Creativity - 5
Accurateness - 5
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