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r It is a   process. The representatives of both workers
and management participate in bargaining.

r It is a process. It establishes regular and stable

relationship between the parties involved. It involves not only
the negotiation of the contract, but also the administration of
the contract.

r It is a  ! 

 process. The parties have to
adopt a flexible attitude through the process of bargaining.

r It is a method of 



r —ollective bargaining develops a sense of self respect and responsibility among the

r It increases the strength of the workforce, thereby, increasing their bargaining

capacity as a group.

r —ollective bargaining increases the morale and productivity of employees.

r It restricts management¶s freedom for arbitrary action against the employees.

Moreover, unilateral actions by the employer are also discouraged.

r Effective collective bargaining machinery strengthens the trade unions movement.

r The workers feel motivated as they can approach the management on various
matters and bargain for higher benefits.

r It helps in securing a prompt and fair settlement of grievances. It provides a flexible

means for the adjustment of wages and employment conditions to economic and
technological changes in the industry, as a result of which the chances for conflicts
are reduced.


r It becomes easier for the management to resolve issues at the

bargaining level rather than taking up complaints of individual

r —ollective bargaining tends to promote a sense of job security

among employees and thereby tends to reduce the cost of labor
turnover to management.

r —ollective bargaining opens up the channel of communication

between the workers and the management and increases worker
participation in decision making.

r —ollective bargaining plays a vital role in settling and preventing

industrial disputes.


r —ollective bargaining leads to industrial peace in the country

r It results in establishment of a harmonious industrial climate

which supports which helps the pace of a nation¶s efforts
towards economic and social development since the
obstacles to such a development can be reduced

r The discrimination and exploitation of workers is constantly

being checked.

r It provides a method or the regulation of the conditions of

employment of those who are directly concerned about them.

´The workers lost and the managements won. Many workers committed suicide.
Many went to their native places and never returned. Many children went hungry for
days and God didn't do anything. God was on the management side that day and
even today he is on their side.µ ~ Pandurang Laxman Salvi, 57
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i strike was declared in the middle of January,
followed immediately by a lockout on the part of the owners,
in an attempt to force the men back to work unconditionally.

35 rupees for men; 17 rupees for women²for a ten-hour day.









The textile workers of Bombay died in the streets from starvation.

 rom Management¶s point of view)



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rom workers point of view

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r The first important thing done by the textile workers' struggle was to change the definition of
victory and defeat.

r Proclaimed that the strike was already over and should be for- mally withdrawn by the leadership
so as to protect cadres from getting victimized and workers from getting ousted from the
industry in large numbers.

r During January and ebruary 1983 the majority of these had been saying that some "sober
attitude" should be taken and the strike should be withdrawn by com- promising on some partial
gains and maintaining the fighting strength of the workers.

r Their leader- ship, bound to the uncompromising nature of the struggle, neither withdrew nor
compromised the strike
r It may sound as though the workers were not concerned about their immediate demands for
wage raises, im- proved working conditions, abolition of the
 system, and cancellation of the
Bombay Industrial Relations BIR) ict, this
was not the case.

r They were very much concerned about these immediate demands, but they were not ready to
accept defeat if these demands were not fulfilled within a certain time limit and with a certain
form of effort.

r The textile workers were upholding and contributing to a new tradition that was pioneered by the
workers' movement on a smaller scale in various industries in the recent past. The textile workers
were overcoming a defeatist tendency within the working class movement: the tendency of
withdrawing from conflicts with only small gains and with a false sense of victory based on these
gains. The new tradition of relentless struggle that they have established means that whether
there is partial victory or complete defeat in terms of gaining immediate demands, the working
class must continue its battle

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