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®

Objectives for
A

Basic Gas Lift


Seminar
ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS
© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas lift Workshop
®

HISTORY
-WALS HAS CONDUCTED SEMINARS FOR MANY
YEARS
-BASIC FORMAT BY TOM RYAN (MACCO)
-EXPANDED AND IMPROVED UPON
-ORIGINALLY A ONE WEEK SEMINAR
-REDUCED TO THREE DAYS AT CUSTOMERS
REQUEST

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

SEMINAR TYPES
TECHNICAL SESSION THAT INCLUDES
THEORY
EVALUATION
GRAPHICAL DESIGN
TROUBLESHOOTING
VALVE MECHANICS

PRACTICAL SESSIONS
ADVANCED GAS LIFT COURSES

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

CURRENTLY
-SCHEDULE FOUR DOMESTIC PER YEAR
-IN-HOUSE TRAINING ON REQUEST
-INTERNATIONALLY BY REQUEST
-TWO INSTRUCTORS AT ALL TIMES
-OVER 100 PARTICIPANTS PER YEAR

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

PURPOSE
TO FAMILIARIZE CURRENT AND POTENTIAL
CUSTOMER WITH THE APPLICATION OF GAS LIFT

TO IMPROVE THE KNOWLEDGE AND PROFICIENCY OF


GAS LIFT COMPANY PERSONNEL

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

SCOPE
THE SEMINARS ARE DESIGNED TO FAMILIARIZE THE
PARTICIPANT WITH GAS LIFT APPLICATION AND
OPERATING PRINCIPLES WHILE EMPHASIZING THE
EFFECTS BETWEEN THE GAS LIFT AND THE
PRODUCING SYSTEM

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

COURSE ORGANIZATION

ULTIMATE GOAL SET FOR PARTICIPANTS IS


TO LIFT AS DEEP AS POSSIBLE WITHIN THE
CONSTRAINTS OF THE SYSTEM

USING OTHER OBJECTIVES AND CLASS


PROBLEMS,WE WORK TOWARD THAT GOAL

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

VISUAL AIDS USED DURING SEMINAR

PowerPoint
WELL MODEL
EQUIPMENT CUTAWAYS
ANIMATIONS
SOFTWARE
WEM, VALCAL, VPC

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

OBJECTIVES

FIRST, WE DEFINE THE DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS OF


GAS LIFT AS USED IN
CONTINUOUS FLOW
INTERMITTENT FLOW

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

OBJECTIVES

DEFINE AND DISCUSS THE AREAS OF THE


PRODUCTION SYSTEM THAT REQUIRE PROFILING

DISCUSS THE TOOLS AVAILABLE TO


ACCOMPLISH THE TASK AND THEIR LIMITATIONS

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
®

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

THREE AREAS TO DEFINE

RESERVOIR

VERTICAL

HORIZONTAL

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
PRODUCTIVITY INDEX ®

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
INFLOW PERFORMANCE RELATIONSHIP
®

VOGEL

SBHP

F.E. = 1.0
ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS
© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
MULTIPHASE FLOWING GRADIENTS ®

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Multiphase Flowing Gradients
®

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
VERTICAL PERFORMANCE
®

VERTICAL FLOW CORRELATIONS :

SHOULD BE SELECTED BASED ON COMPARISON


WITH ACTUAL MEASURED DATA.

WHEN NOT AVAILABLE, SELECT DATA FROM A


WELL PRODUCING UNDER SIMILAR CONDITIONS.

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

OBJECTIVES

APPLY PROCEDURES USED FOR EVALUATING


POTENTIAL OIL WELLS FOR THE
APPLICATION OF GAS LIFT

USE “HANDS ON” GRAPHICAL DESIGN AND


VERIFY WITH SOFTWARE

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
WELLHEAD PRESSURE VS. PRODUCTION ®

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
EFFECT OF OPERATING DIFFERENTIAL ®

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
WELL EVALUATION
®

4 8 12 16
600 BFD
1 400:1 IGLR

4 INDICATED
POI
5

7 200 dP

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
WELL EVALUATION
®

4 8 12 16
800 BFD
1 400:1 IGLR

5 INDICATED
POI
6

7 200 dP

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
WELL EVALUATION
®

4 8 12 16
1000 BFD
1 400:1 IGLR

4
INDICATED
5 POI

7 200 dP

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

OBJECTIVES
DEMONSTRATE CONTINUOUS GAS LIFT DESIGN
METHODS FOR IPO AND PPO VALVES

DESIGNS ARE ACCOMPLISHED WITH “HANDS


ON” METHOD AND VERIFIED WITH SOFTWARE

CURRENT AND FUTURE CONDITIONS


CONSIDERED AS WELL AS MINIMUM DATA

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Valve Spacing
®

Injection Pressure

Transfer Valve #1
tubing
pressure
Valve #2

Gradient above the


point of injection Differential reference line

10% error tolerance Indicated POI


above and below
indicated POI

Formation Grad

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
CONTINUOUS FLOW GAS LIFT DESIGN ®

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Current and Future Conditions
®

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

OBJECTIVE
EXAMINE THE MECHANICS OF IPO AND PPO
G.L.V.’S AND THEIR GAS PASSAGE

CAPABILITIES AS PER VPC

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
PRESSURE VALVE
FORCE BALANCE EQUATION ®

PO (AB-AP) + PT (AP) = PVC (AB)


POAB -POAP + PT (AP) = PVC (AB)
POAB - POAP + PTAP = PVC AB
AB AB AB AB
PO - PO AP + PT AP = PVC
AB AB
PO ( 1 - R) + PTR = PVC

PO = PVC - PTR
1-R

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Typical Loadrate Test Data
®

T
e
st
Pre
s
su
re
(
Ps
ig
)
8
8
0
8
6
0
8
4
0
8
2
0
8
0
0
7
8
0
7
6
0
7
4
0
7
2
0
0 0
.
01 0
.
02 0.
03 0 .
04 0
.
05 0
.
06
St
emT
r
av
el
(i
nch
)
ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS
© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

OBJECTIVE
PRESENT AND DISCUSS SOME OF THE
AVAILABLE TOOLS FOR EVALUATING OR
TROUBLE SHOOTING GAS LIFT INSTALLATIONS

DISCUSS ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS

DISCUSS CORRECT METHODS OF USE

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Diagnostics ®®

Troubleshooting
Areas where problems can exist
• Inlet
• Outlet
• Sub-surface

ARTIFICIAL
ARTIFICIAL LIFT
LIFT SYSTEMS
SYSTEMS
© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
© Weathe rfor d. All r ights r eserved .
Gas Lift Diagnostics ®®

Troubleshooting
Diagnostic Tools
Wireline-tagging fluid/check perfs for fill
Echometer
Well Tests-performed properly
Injection Gas Measurement- in and out
Two or Three Pen Charts- every well
Pressure/Temperature Surveys- performed properly

ARTIFICIAL
ARTIFICIAL LIFT
LIFT SYSTEMS
SYSTEMS
© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
© Weathe rfor d. All r ights r eserved .
Gas Lift Workshop
®

OBJECTIVE
DISCUSS CURRENT METHODS AND PROCEDURES
BEING USED FOR OPTIMIZING GAS LIFT
OPERATIONS

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
®

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

BENEFITS
PARTICIPANTS REALIZATION OF THE VALUE OF
QUALITY DATA FOR OPTIMIZING THE APPLICATION
BEFORE AND AFTER INSTALLATION

REALIZATION THAT THE EFFICIENCY OF THE SYSTEM IS


IMPROVED AND TROUBLESHOOING MINIMIZED WITH
THE PROPER APPLICATION OF THE GAS LIFT EQUIPMENT

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

BENEFITS
PARTICIPANTS FROM MANY DIFFERENT AREAS
EXCHANGE IDEAS FOR REMEDIES TO PRODUCTION
PROBLEMS

MOST IMPORTANT, WE BECOME MORE AWARE OF THE


PROBLEMS AND NEEDS OF OUR CUSTOMERS AND OUR
INDUSTRY

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.
Gas Lift Workshop
®

THANK YOU VERY MUCH


FOR
YOUR ATTENTION

ARTIFICIAL LIFT SYSTEMS


© Weatherford. All rights reserved.

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