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PRESENTATION ON:- AUTOMATIC RAILWAY CROSSING GATE

CONTROLLING AND SIGNALLING

Prepared By:-
SR NO. NAME ENROLLMENT
NO.
1 SHINGALA VAIBHAV 150240109024
2 NAKUM KAPIL 150240109025
3 SOLANKI MRUGENDRASINH 150240109503
4 PATEL JYOTINDRA 130240109525

INTERNAL GUIDE:-Mr. JIGAR BHOTANI (PROF.)


 Objective
 Level Crossing
 Types of level Crossing
 Our Approach
 Hardware Specifications
 Block diagram
 Advantage & Disadvantage
 Scope of Future Work
 Summary of Result
 Provide an automatic railway gate at a level crossing
replacing the gate operated by the gatekeeper.
 Reduction in the time for which the gate remains
closed.
 Prevention of error due to manual operation.
 Place where a railway and a road, or two railway lines,
cross at same level.

 Called Grade Crossing in North America.

 Early level crossing had a flagman in a nearby booth who


would, on approach of a train, wave a red flag or lantern to
stop all traffic and clear the tracks.

 Manual or electrical closable gates that barricaded the


roadway were later introduced, intended to be a complete
barrier against intrusion of any road traffic onto the
railway.
 ‘Special’ Class Level Crossing
 ‘A’ Class Level Crossing
 ‘B’ Class Level Crossing
 ‘C’ Class Level Crossing
 ‘D’ Class Level Crossing
 Class ‘Special’ and ‘A’ are normally kept open to
road traffic, while class ‘B’ and ‘C’ are normally
kept close to road traffic
 ‘D’ Class is for cattle crossing
 All rail or road intersections are provided with
either passive or active protection.
 Passive - Application of passive traffic control
devices(signage)which provides an unchanging
warning to the road user whether or not a train is
approaching the crossing.
 Active- Application of warning devices to warn
road users of the approach of a train when the train
is a minimum time from entering the road-rail
intersection.
 Pair of IR Sensors detect the arrival and departure of train

 Arduino controls the DC Motor at the crossing based on


the output of IR Sensor

 DC Motor opens and closes the gate according to the output


from the Arduino.
 List of Component
 Arduino
 IR Sensors
 DC Servo motor
 Buzzer
 Signal
 Gate
 Microcontroller based on ATmega328
 5V Operating Voltage
 Input Voltage 7 -12V
 14 Digital I/O Pins
 A DC motor is a class of electrical machines that converts direct current
electrical power into mechanical power.
 Servomotors are controlled by sending an electrical pulse of
variable width, or pulse width modulation (PWM), through the
control wire. There is a minimum pulse, a maximum pulse, and a
repetition rate. A servo motor cans usually only turn 90 degrees in
either direction for a total of 180 degree movement.
 Emits infrared signal and detect the reflection

 Output goes low when signal is received

 This serves as the input to the Arduino


 Fast Response
 Reduce Man Work
 Chances Of Accidents Will Reduce
 Economical Cost Will Reduce

 If system not working than chance of accident


 Chance vehicle trap between the track during gate
operation.
 In future also can be add some more facility like
accident prevention system.
 Here chance to trap vehicle this can be avoided by
sensor and signal to the train.
 Sometime this system fail to operate so it gives the
signal to the authorize person.
In this project mainly three works performed:
 This automatic system man is not required

 Accident prevention system

 Less time required