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Sinhgad College of Engineering,Pune

Department of Mechanical Engineering

D.M.E. Presentation on ‘Belt Drive.’

Presented by: Guided by:

Twinkal pagare M. M. Laddad
Jui Patil
Kshitij Pandey
Akshay Pallath
• A belt drive is used to transmit rotational movement from one shaft to another.
• Belts rely on frictional force and transmit power by contact between the
belt and the driving and driven pulley (pulley also known as a sheave)
• A number of different types of belt are available, the most common are
either flat or of the V type.
• Pulleys between belts are normally of different diameters so that either
an increase or decrease in speed can be achieved.

The ability of belts to transmit power depends on:

1. The tension holding the belt to the pulley
2. Friction between belt and pulleys
3. Arc of contact (wrap) between belt and pulleys
4. Speed of the belt
Belt Drive Selection Criteria

• Speed of the driving and driven shaft,

• Power to be transmitted,
• Positive drive requirements,
• Space available, and
• Speed reduction ratio,
• Centre distance between the shafts,
• Shafts layout,
• Service Conditions.
Belt Drive And Power Transmission

• Amount of Power Transmitted by belt Depends on

• The velocity of the belt
• The Tension of the belt
• The arc of contact between the belt and smaller pulley
• The condition under which the belt is used
How Pulley Sizes Affect Power Output
For full power on the belt, the pulley
ratio should be 3 to 1 or less. Higher
ratios (shown) lessen the arc of
contact, causing slippage and loss of
Types Of Belt Drive
Flat Belts
• The oldest form of belt for power drives could probably be traced back
over many centuries.
• If we were to do this we would almost certainly find that they would have
been Flat or Round Belts. Not much has changed.
• While the use of flat belts has declined over the years they have been
continuously developed and improved and are still used to advantage for
many types of applications.
Flat Belts
Pulleys for flat belts are usually
crowned. This is to keep the belt
central on the pulley whilst it is
Advantages of Flat Belts
The main advantages of Flat Belts are:
• simplicity
• low cost
• simple maintenance
• resistance to dust
• will run in a crossed over state to provide drive between shafts at right
• can be caused to move along a pulley to allow free wheeling or stopping
of the drive system
• Flat Belts can be run at speeds up to 30 m/min.
• At lower speeds large Flat belts can be used as conveyor belts where
the belt itself performs the work.
Applications of Flat Belts

A flat belt may be twisted to give a drive through a right angle or

a reversal of The direction or rotation.



V Belts
There are two types of belt in use:
• standard industrial V belt made from rubber and rayon cord, and
• wedge belts which use neoprene and terylene cords giving greater strength.
Both types are available in a series of standard sections covering a large
power range.
The wedge belt is narrower and has a deeper section and has greater
power capacity than the standard V belt. They also give a more
compact drive.
• Due to the wedging
action of their angled
sides, V-belts pull
well. The
• section going around
the pulley tends to
bulge as it bends,
hugging the
• flanges tightly
V linked belts are complementary
to the standard endless V belts.
They are useful where other types
of drive belts cannot easily be
installed. Fitting together as
separate linked units, a complete
drive system is easily made up to
suit any motor drive installation.