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Hydro turbine selection chart

Hydro turbine selection chart


Turbine efficiency vs load
Turbine efficiency vs load
Turbine efficiency vs specific speed
Turbine efficiency vs specific speed
Turbine efficiency vs specific speed
Pelton turbine

The Pelton wheel is an impulsive turbine -used


for high heads of water. It has the following
main components
1. Nozzle,
2. Runner and buckets,
3. Casing, and
4. Breaking jet.

Water Turbine Pelton


Water Turbine Pelton
Nozzle
 It is a circular guide mechanism, which guides the water to flow at a
designed direction, and also to regulate the flow of water.
Water, in the form a jet, strikes the buckets. A conical needle
operates inside the nozzle in an axial direction. The main purpose, of
this needle, is to control or regulate the quantity of water flowing
through the nozzle

Water Turbine Pelton


Water Turbine Pelton
When the load on the turbine drop suddenly , the
deflector deflect the water totally or partially away
from the wheel while the needle is closing. This prevent
damaging the pipeline due to sudden closer of the needle (water
hammer)
Water Turbine Pelton
Runner and Buckets
The runner of a Pelton wheel
essentially consists of a circular
disc fixed to a horizontal shaft.
On the periphery of the runner, a
number of buckets are fixed
uniformly. A bucket resembles to a
hemispherical cup or bowl with a
dividing wall (known as splitter) in
its centre in the radial direction of
the runner .
The pelton bucket is designed to deflect
the jet back through 165° which is the
maximum angle possible without the
return jet interfering with the next
bucket.
Water Turbine Pelton
Water Turbine Pelton
Water Turbine Pelton
Kaplan Turbine