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Ergonomics

&
Therblig theory
Ergonomics
Definition

 Ergonomics is defined as the study of people's efficiency in


their working environment.

 In layman’s term, it is the science and art of fitting the job


and the workplace to worker’s needs.

 Derived from two Greek words: “Nomoi” meaning natural


laws & “Ergon” meaning work. Hence, ergonomists study
human capabilities in relationship to work demand.
Types of ergonomics
 Physical ergonomics is the human body’s responses to physical and
physiological workloads. Repetitive strain injuries from repetition,
vibration, force, and posture fall into this category.

 Cognitive ergonomics deals with the mental processes and


capacities of humans when at work. Mental strain from workload,
decision making, human error, and training fall in to this category.

 Organizational ergonomics deals with the organizational structures,


policies and processes in the work environment, such as shift work,
scheduling, job satisfaction, motivation, supervision, teamwork,
telecommuting, and ethics.
Principles of ergonomics

Maintain Neutral Posture


Work in the Power / Comfort Zone
Allow for Movement and Stretching
Reduce Excessive Force
Reduce Excessive Motions
Minimize Contact Stress
Reduce Excessive Vibration
Provide Adequate Lighting
Ergonomics risk factors

High Task Repetition

Forceful Exertions

Repetitive/Sustained Awkward Postures


Musculoskeletal disorders(MSD)
Repetitive and/or prolonged activities

Awkward postures/positions for an extended time

Static postures

High/low Temperatures for an extended time

Forceful exertions
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL
Employee rotation

Breaks Safe & proper work techniques & procedures Training


Physical conditioning period

Physical adjustments to the work place

Redesign of work methods

Alternative tasks
Work Practice control

Safe & proper work techniques


& procedures

Physical conditioning period

Training
Therblig Theory
Definition

 THERBLIGS are 18 kinds of elemental motions used in the study of


motion economy in the workplace.
A workplace task is analyzed by recording each of the therblig
units for
a process, with the results used for optimization of manual labor by
elimi-nating unneeded movements.
The word therblig was the creation of Frank Bunker Gilbreth and
Lillian Moller Gilbreth, American industrial psychologists who
invented the field of time and motion study. It is a reversal of the
name Gilbreth , with 'th' transposed
Basic motion elements
We are given a set of fundamental motions required for a worker
to perform a manual operation or task. The set consists of 18 eleme
nts, each describing a standardized activity.
THE END
Made By:
Akshat Agrawal - 1641117024
Aman Gautam - 1641117032
Aman Thapa - 1641117035
Anuj Pratihar - 164117050