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CAPRI AKVOTECH SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED

Safe Drinking Water For Rural And Urban Area


Capri Akvotech has its reach in major industrial / manufacturing hubs of India,
with its offices spread over India ,Botswana & South Africa

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FACTS ON WOMEN AND WATER

•Women and children fetch the majority of water for household uses
in rural areas. Often this keeps them from attending school or working
at a job.
•The average distance that women and children for water in Africa is
six kilometres (3.7 miles).
•Women carry high load of water (about 20 liters) on their heads in
some locations in the world. This causes severe damage to the neck
and spine over time.

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Access to safe water and sanitation remains
a major issue, particularly in rural areas.
Access to adequate improved sanitation
lags significantly behind at 35 percent.

**Unicef
The Challenge

 The current water situation in Zimbabwe faces many challenges around


capacity, behaviours and the lack of investment in these sectors during and
after the economic crisis of the last decade. Access to clean water is a basic
right that is important for the survival of humanity yet it can be one of the
hardest resources to attain.
 According to UNICEF, over 60% of the rural water supply infrastructure in
Zimbabwe is in a state of disrepair, and as a result, many boreholes and wells
contain non potable water and are in need of decontamination. Even in urban
centers, piped water supply is very sporadic and sometimes unclean
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The cholera outbreak in Harare was declared by the Ministry of Health and Child Care (MoHCC) of
Zimbabwe on 6 September 2018 and notified to WHO on the same day. As of 3 October 2018, 8535
cumulative cases, including 163 laboratory-confirmed cases, and 50 deaths have been reported (case
fatality rate: 0.6%). Of these 8535 cases, 98% (8341 cases) were reported from the densely populated
capital Harare (Figure 1). The most affected suburbs in Harare are Glen View and Budiriro.
Of the 8340 cases for which age is known, the majority (56%) are aged between 5 and 35 years old. Males
and females have been equally affected by the outbreak. From 4 September through 3 October, the
majority of deaths were reported from health care institutions.
The pathogen is known to be Vibrio cholera O1 serotype Ogawa. Since confirmation on 6 September
2018, a multi-drug resistant strain has been identified and is in circulation; however, this does not affect
the treatment of most cases, where supportive care such as rehydration solutions are used. Antibiotics
are only recommended for severe cases. Furthermore, the antibiotic which is being used for severe cases
in Harare is Azithromycin which remains effective in the majority of cases.
Contaminated water sources, including wells and boreholes are suspected as the source of the outbreak.

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Classification Of Impurities In Water
• Physical Impurities - Dissolved Solids/Salts
• Chemical impurities - Inorganic & Organic Chemical
• Biological Impurities - Pathogens , Algae ,Fungi, Viruses

1. Acidity (pH)
2. Gases(Co2
1.Colour ,O2,NH4)
2.Turbidity 3. Minerals 1. Microorganism
3.Taste 4. Salinity 2. Water Bodies
4.Odour 5. Alkalinity
5.Conductivity 6. Hardness

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Water Born Diseases
TYPE CAUSE DISEASES
Lead Infant And Children: Delay
in physical & mental
development.
Adult: Kidney & high B.P
Arsenic High risk of getting Cancer.
Chemical Skin damage or circulatory
system problems.
Fluoride Bone diseases (pain &
tenderness of bone). Mottled
teeth in children
Bacterial Typhoid ,Cholera, Bacillary
Infection Dysentery
Viral Infection Infectious Hepatitis
Microbial
Protozoa Amoebic dysentery
Infection
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WHO STANDREDS FOR DRINKING WATER

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Why ? We Should Go
For
Water Treatment

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Reverse Osmosis and
Need To Eliminate The Ultra Filtration
Root Problem By Using selected Worldwide
.This is Proven Safest
Available And Proven
and Eco Friendly
Technology To Remove Technology Of
Bacteria And Dissolved Drinking Water
Solids Treatment
This table explain clearly which water purifier is
suitable for different type of contaminations:
Is water
biologically
TDS Content Is water muddy? contaminated? Which purifier to use?

Low Below 300


PPM NO NO Tap/Faucet or storage filter
Low Below 300
PPM NO YES UV
Low Below 300
PPM YES NO UF
Low Below 300
PPM YES YES UF+UV
Higher(over 300
PPM) NO NO RO
Higher(over 300
PPM) NO YES RO+UV
Higher(over 300
PPM) YES NO RO+UF or RO+UF+UV
Higher(over 300
ppm) YES YES RO+UF+UV

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A drinking water purification process

Media Addition of chemicals UV or Ozone Ion Exchange


Electrolysis UF ,RO

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A RO purifier is necessary only if the water supply in
your home has very high TDS. As per The WHO for
drinking water specification :

•The maximum TDS limit for drinking water is 500 ppm.


But realistically speaking, 500 ppm is on the higher side
and it is recommended to go for RO purifier if TDS level
exceeds 300-350 ppm.
•But below 300 ppm, a Ro purifier not necessary at all
and can in fact be detrimental to your health as it will
reduce the TDS to abnormally low and unhealthy levels
in this case, your choice of purifier should be determined
by other factor such as turbidity of water and or presence
of contaminants.

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Typical flow Diagram

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