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A Filipino

Corrupt and Dishonest


Domestic Helper
Terrorist
Prostitute
Criminals
Parochial and regionalistic
Inferior race
Abot Kamay
• Sa gulong ng Palad, Saan mo binubuhos
ang lakas mo?
• Anong bahagi ng buhay mo ang nais
mong ibalanse ?

• Banig ng Buhay
• Oras Pera Kalat
• Recognizing the Big Picture and Absorbing
• It was created by marine Biologist &
animator, Stephen Hillenburg & is
produced his on company, United
Plankton Inc.
• You Are what you eat
• Creation is reflection of who you are.
the whole picture is made up many
pieces
• Getting along with others
• Finding a simple system
• Being alert to life

Abot Kamay
• Ano ang mga malulungkot na araw na
hindi mo makakalimutan?

• Ano ang mga pinaniniwalaan mo sa buhay


ang nakakapekto sa desisyon mu?
Abot Tanaw
• Saan mo nahahanap ang kapayapaan,
pagmamahal at liwanag sa buhay?
Sign that we were not yet a nation
in 1986 &1898
• Only Tagalogs & Pampangas revolted in
1986
• The 1989 revolution occurred only in
Luzon & some Visayan towns
Nationhood in 1898 was a project,
not yet a reality
• It was a project that was relatively clear to
few, but to many

• “relatively”- because time would have to


pass to clarify more precisely that was
needed to become a nation
-a special project-
• Not just a nation of people who spoke the
same languages
• But a nation of people who spoke different
languages – a nation of nations
• For the tagalog-pampangano project to
take it would have to be accepted by all
ethnic groups in the Philippines
The Crucial Period in the
Philippines History
• 1st third of 20th Century
– The conditions for a national community
appear:
a. All communities conquered by Americans
b. The political structured of the Philippine
state is put up
c. Infrastructure of a national community in
place, communications, roads, transportation
d. Lingua-franca (promote one national
language)
The nation is not merely a legal entity. The
nation is a community.
Sharing in common duties..

Dialogue…

shared life…
If we were not a nation in 1898
what were we?
• .. A collection of independent towns

Did we become a national community in the 20th century?

judging by Filipino Communities abroad we became a


collection of ehtnic groups or regions for the most part.

What are we now?

It depends where you are,..


In some regions are united by common
language
Other regions are collection of towns & cities
Still others are collections of baranggays
But we are not a nation, we are nation in
progress.
The nation as 1st envisioned by
Rizal, Jacinto, Mabini
• Gap recognized between vision & reality of
Filipino society.

Rizal- last chapter of El Fili


Jacinto- cartilla
Mabini- El Verdader Decalogo
Spanish-Philippine at the end of the
19th century
A collection of autonomous towns under a
sinle ruler: the Governor General vertical
loyalty= traditional society but no
horizontal loyalties= civil society
• Traditional Society
Datus and Maginoo
Timawa
Aliping namamahay
Alipin sa gigilid
- Hindi pantay pantay ang tao
(society is held together by vertical
loyalties)
Modern Version of Traditional
Society in Country
• President + Mayor + Rich Family
• Goons
• Workers
• Doomestic Help
Civil Society
• Democracy

• Pantay pantay ang tao. Ang lahat ay may


mga mamamyan
• Society is held together by horizontal
loyalties
• Seed: Middle Class Society
Combination of traditonal society &
democracy
Shell: Democracy
Substance: Traditional society
1935-1983
• Movement for Democracy

Important Events
EDSA 1 & 2
their failure to change the Philippine society
informs as that hope for change is not in
changing national leadership.
The biggest obstacles to the attainment of
Democracy today is the alipin mentality among
the poor & the Maginoo mentality aming the rich
& powerful
Why?
• ..because the alipin mentality & maginoo
mentality disregard human dignity & civil
society (pantay pantay ang tao) is basaed
on respect from human dignity.

• Alipin mentality= dependency


• Maginoo mentality= priveleges
Our Problem Today
• Dependency
Lack of initiative
laziness
Effects – poverty

Priveleges
Exemption from the law
exemption from the ethnics
Effect – corruption
• Not alipin mentality alone
nor maginoo mentality alone
But maginoo- alipin mentality in all individuals.

The maginoo – alipin Mentality exhibits


2 attitudes
2 way of acting
2 way of acting

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