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THERAPEUTIC

COMMMUNICATION
WITH FAMILY
GROUP 5
DEREL AZIZAH DIFA P
NADIATUL KHAIRA
RISKA CAHYANI ZAHRA
What is the family means ?
Based on some definition about of family we can make the
conclusion that the family have some characteristic, they are :
• Family consist of two or more individuals that tied with blood relation, married,
or adoption.
• Family members use usually life together or if separate they still pay attention
each other.
• Family members have interaction each other and each person has social role :
husband, wife, children, brother and sister.
• Family has purpose :
• Create and keep culture
• Improve physical, psychological, and social growth.
Why do we must have family ?

THE • Affection
• Security and acceptance
FUNCTION • Identity and satisfaction
OF A • Affiliation and companionship
• Socialization
FAMILY • Controls
Family-Nursing Concept Model
a.Calgary Model
• Include instrumental (activities of daily living) and expressive (communication, problem
solving, roles, power, beliefs, alliances and coalitions)

a.Friedman Model
• concits of : Identify data,history of growth and ,environment data,family structure,family
function,family coping

a.Orem Model
• Develop relation with family
 Determine the process to help patient with nurse intervention
 Explain,give and protect family directly use nurse methods
• Have to give integrity with daily life of that family
a.Transcultural Nursing Model
• Nurses must be ready in a dynamic dialogue thatis caused transcultural communication,
avoid language barriers use approach with patient
What do Nurse have attention with the
family ?

The things that do in the communication


with patient in the family
• Give the space the family to speak up
• Listen the things that family say
• Silent
• Empathy
• Give the information to the family about the problem
PHASE OF HOW TO NURSE AND CLIENT IN
THE FAMILY HAVE INTERACTION
1.Preparatio
n phase

Post visit Introduction


phase phase

Implemen
Termination
phase
tation
phase
One morning a patient named Derel azizah 20 years old,come to the hospital
with medical diagnose of post operative diabetes mellitus she has wound on
PREPARATION PHASE the left leg. Mrs. Derel had been treated for seven days and do the bandage
everyday in 9 hours and the next day nurse Nadya comes to the room.
Nurse : Good morning
Family : Good morning

INTRODUNTION PHASE Nurse : Excuse me, I’m nurse Nadya in this morning,I’ll check the
patient.Is it true that you are the family of the patient
Mrs.Derel azizah?
Family : Yes true, I am a mother of Mrs.Derel
Nurse : Ok,I will start to check.Have you ever heard that Mrs.Derel
IMPLEMENTATION make complaint to you about this disease ?
PHASE Family : Sometimes,she ask about uncomfort with the bandage
Nurse : Ok,if she ask it again you can help her to change position
or turn her attention to other things first

TERMINATION PHASE
Nurse : Based the check up Mrs derel vital sign is being
normal,the wound is being better.The check Is enough,if
there is something you can call me,I permit,Get well soon
Barriers to Communication with Family
Role Conflict

Family Demographic Factors


• Age
• Education
• Economic

Misunderstanding
• Culture
• Language

Environment

Psychology factor
FAMILY NURSING CARE
• Assasment Phase
• Nursing Diagnose
• Nurse Plann
• Nurse plann should based on specific analize about all aspect in the family
• Realistic means can be done and get the purpose
• The purpose and philosophy of health should be considered
• Nurse plan have to make in the script or paper
• Implementation Phase
• Stimulate the family to accept information about the problem
• Discuss what the family must do and what the thins that don,t be able to do
• Give the confidence to the family
• Demonstrate how to treat patien to the family
• Help the family to make health environment
• Introduce the health facilities to the family
• Evaluation
Evaluation can be determined of :
• Physical state (temperature,weight,sign and symptomps of patien)
• Psychological attitude (decrease the anxiety,family can give positive vibes to the nurse)
• Knowledge (family can do the do’s and don’t and explain the purpose of that)
STUDENT ACTIVITY
The difficulties in the
implementation phase can
be caused by several factors
that come from nurses,they
Direction : Make the are :
example sentences/case
• Nurse tend to use one approach
and make the solution of pattern
these difficulties consist the • Nurse is being stiff and not flexible
example communication • Nurse give less appreciation or
attention to the social factors and
to the family cultures
• Nurse is less able to take action or
use different technique to solve
complicated problem