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-INNOVATION-

CTD
M . 4 / 8 N O. 1 3 , 1 5 , 2 0 , 2 3
PROBLEMS
• People die in a car because of heat stroke and CO.

http://www.nfpa.org/news-and-research/fire-
statistics-and-reports/fire-statistics/non-fire-
incidents/carbon-monoxide-incidents
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OUR GOALS

• The thing that we will introduce is the detector for some pollutant
in air like CO – Carbon Monoxide and temperature.
• This thing uses Arduino UNO-3 sensors
• Using Arduino IDE in programming

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DANGEROUS FROM
HEAT STROKE

• Heatstroke is characterized by a body temperature which exceeds


105°F (40.5°C) and represents a serious medical emergency.
• At body temperatures of 106°F (41°C), brain death begins and at
113°F (45°C) death is quite likely.
• In general, hyperthermia occurs when the body produces or absorbs
more heat than is rejected.
• The body temperature rises when natural heat reduction
mechanisms such as sweating and vasodilation prove to be
inadequate 4
DANGEROUS OF CO

CO concentration
50 ppm 200 ppm - headache
200 ppm 400 ppm - stroke and headache
1200 ppm - heart start beating more frequently and abnormally
2000 ppm - unconscious and can die in few minutes
5000 ppm - will be dead in few minutes
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ARDUINO UNO-R3

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APPROACH & CONCEPT
• The platform and remote should be reliable on its battery.
• It will trigger alarm(buzzer) if CO ,Temperature level are too high.

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Excess or
High
CO temp.

TRIGGER!

ALARM

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DESIGN
• Sensors will be launched in stationary platform to detect excess
amount of CO or high temperature in the car.
• The platform should be reliable on its battery.

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EQUIPMENTS&MODULES

Digital Temp Sensor


module(sensor
TMP36)
MQ-7 CO
sensor
module Arduino UNO R 3
(20-2000ppm)
Male-Female cables
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Temperature
sensor

Middle Pin Brown Analog Input A1

Right Pin Red Power GND

Left Pin Yellow Power 5V.


* green line in the picture is for another sensor that didn’t work

CO sensor

AO Orange Analog Input A0

DO Blue Digital 10

GND Black Power GND

VCC White Power 3.3 V.


* Color is optional 11
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Arduino size

13
7.5 cm

13 cm

6.5 cm

Case(arduino inside)

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PROCEDURE & PROGRESS
1. Order Arduino UNO-R3 and sensors.
2. Connect electrical circuit between the Arduino board and sensors.
3. Use ArduinoIDE to write program and check if the sensors work properly.
4. Connect buzzer to the Arduino board and write program to activate the buzzer.
5. Test the system to see if it works properly.
6. Measure size and design case.
7. Cut the wood needed and assemble the container.
8. Final Test.

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ARDUINO IDE CODE

• TMP 36 (temperature sensor)

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ARDUINO IDE CODE

• MQ 7 (CO sensor)

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ARDUINO IDE CODE

• Final code (buzzer included)

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TESTING

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SUGGESTION

• There are many materials which may be better than wood for making the container.
• Use power supplies which have more capacity to increase battery life.
• Make the device rechargeable.

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FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

• Add signal transmitter module to alert user when they are far away from the device.
• Add other sensor modules to the Arduino so it can give more information.
• Find a way to decrease device size.
• Store data in database and analyze causes of heat or excess CO to help prevent them in the
future.
• Connect the device to a mobile application so the user can see real time data.

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REFERENCE

• https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arduino
• https://www.arduino.cc/
• http://www.cprogramming.com/
• https://www.theguardian.com/environment/pollution
• http://www.nfpa.org/news-and-research/fire-statistics-and-reports/fire-statistics/non-fire-
incidents/carbon-monoxide-incidents
• https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6522437
• https://sslvpn.mwit.ac.th/science/article/pii/,DanaInfo=www.sciencedirect.com+S147466701531
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