Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 25

SYNTACTICAL

EXPRESSIVE MEANS
Prepared by:
Angelita A. Jocson
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
PARAPHRASING
MEANS
What is Paraphrasing???

PARAPHRASING IS…
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
 A rewriting ofMEANS
text in your own words
 Used to clarify meaning
 Used to shorten a longer statement
but keeps the main ideas
So How Do We Do It?
 Read the passage carefully
 Decide the main ideas
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVEof the
passage
MEANS
 Highlight the important parts or
phrases
 Put the main points in your own
words
Example 1
Passage from Book
Ancient Egyptians
believed that Osiris, a
good and wise king, wasEXPRESSIVE
SYNTACTICAL
the first pharaoh. He
spread knowledge MEANSto
other parts of the world,
while his wife, Isis, ruled
Egypt in his place.
Example 1
Original Passage Paraphrased Passage

Ancient Egyptians King Osiris was the first


believed that Osiris, a pharaoh who spread
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
good and wise king, was knowledge. Queen Isis
ruled Egypt.
MEANS
the first pharaoh. He
spread knowledge to
other parts of the world,
while his wife, Isis, ruled
Egypt in his place.
Example 2
Passage from Book
Upon returning home, Osiris
was murdered by his evil
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
brother Set, who cut Osiris’s
body into pieces and dumped
MEANS
it in the Nile River. Isis found
the body and put it back
together by winding linen
bandages around it. Osiris and Set
Original Passage
Paraphrased Passage

Upon returning home, Osiris brother Set


Osiris was murdered by killed Osiris by cutting
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
his evil brother Set, who his body into pieces
cut Osiris’s body into and dumped it to Nile
MEANS
pieces and dumped it in River. Isis put the
the Nile River. Isis found body back together.
the body and put it back
together by winding linen
bandages around it.
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
SUPRA-PHRASAL UNITS
MEANS
Supra-phrasal unit (SPU)

defined as a combination of
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
sentences presenting a structural
and semantic MEANS
unity backed up by
rhythmic and melodic unity.
The term supra-phrasal unit (SPU)
is used to denote a larger unit than
a sentence. It generally comprises a
number of sentences
SYNTACTICAL interdependent
EXPRESSIVE
structurally (usually by means of
MEANS tense-forms)
pronouns, connectives,
and semantically (one definite
thought is dealt with).
WHAT IS A PARAGRAPH?

A PARAGRAPH IS…
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
A collection of related
MEANS
sentences dealing with
one topic.
WHAT IS A TOPIC SENTENCE?

 Expresses the main idea of a


paragraph.
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
 Is usually the first sentence of a
paragraph. MEANS
 Contains the central idea.
 Is also the most general sentence in a
paragraph
EXAMPLE OF A TOPIC SENTENCE?

There are three reasons why


Canada is one of the best
countries of the world.
WHAT IS SUPPORTING
SENTENCE?

 Develops, explains and supports


the main idea of the paragraph.

 Contains facts, examples and


details.

 Explains why the main idea is true.


EXAMPLES OF A SUPPORTING
SENTENCES?

First, Canada has an excellent health


care system. Second, Canada has a high
standard of education. Finally, Canada’s
cities are clean and efficiently managed.
WHAT IS A CONCLUDING
SENTENCES?

 Is usually the last sentence of the


SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
paragraph.
MEANS
 Restates the main idea.
 Is used to finish the paragraph or to
prepare the reader for the following
paragraph.
EXAMPLES OF A CONCLUDING
SENTENCES?
 As a result, Canada is a desirable
place to live.
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
 For those reasons,
MEANS Canada attracts a
lot of immigrants. Wouldn’t you
like to live there?

 Canada is a great model for other


countries to follow.
CHECK THE STRUCTURE OF THIS
PARAGRAPH…
Through the centuries rats have managed to
survive all our efforts to destroy them. We have
poisoned them and trapped them. We have
SYNTACTICAL
fumigated, EXPRESSIVE
flooded, and burned them. Some rats
even survived atomic MEANS
bomb tests conducted on
Entwetokatoll in the Pacific after World War II. In
spite of all our efforts, these enemies of ours
continue to prove that they are the most
indestructible of pests.
Can you identify the TS, SS and CS?
TS, SS & CS

Through the centuries rats have managed to


survive all our efforts to destroy them. We have
poisonedSYNTACTICAL
them and trappedEXPRESSIVE
them. We have
fumigated, flooded, and burned them. Some rats
even survived atomic MEANS
bomb tests conducted on
Entwetokatoll in the Pacific after World War II. In
spite of all our efforts, these enemies of ours
continue to prove that they are the most
indestructible of pests.
WHEN WRITING A
PARAGRAPH
TS, SS & CS REMEMBER…

To check:
Through the centuries rats have managed to
 Content
survive all our efforts to destroy them. We have
 Structure
poisoned them and trapped them. We have
fumigated, flooded, and burned them. Some rats
 Form
even survived atomic bomb tests conducted on
Entwetokatoll in the Pacific after World War II. In
spite of all our efforts, these enemies of ours
continue to prove that they are the most
indestructible of pests.
CONTENT
Develop
 TS, SS & only
CS one idea.
 Be coherent. This makes your
paragraph easy to understand.
 Focus on the main idea.
 Elaborate and develop your topic sentence.
ThisThrough
means the that the topic
centuries ratsshould be
have managed to
explained
survive in detail.
all our efforts to destroy them. We have
Add explanations,
 poisoned detailsthem.
them and trapped and We have
examples flooded,
fumigated, to the supporting
and burned them. Some rats
sentences.
even survived atomic bomb tests conducted on
Entwetokatoll in the Pacific after World War II. In
spite of all our efforts, these enemies of ours
continue to prove that they are the most
indestructible of pests.
STRUCTURE
EXAMPLE OF A TOPIC SENTENCE?
Make sure your paragraph has:
Thereare three reasons why Canada is
one ofOne
thetopic
bestsentence.
countries of the world.
 As many supporting sentences as
you need.
 A concluding sentence.
FORM
Make sure your paragraph:
Has a five-space indentation.
There are no lines or blank spaces in
between sentences.
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
And that you: MEANS
Write clear and simple
sentences (S+V+C) Check
your spelling and grammar.
SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE
MEANS