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If…

If there’s
We need toabring
Blackin
Rainstorm
plants Warning,
if there’s a
What do we need to do we need3 to
number stay
signal.
during bad weather? inside.
If…
H We use if-sentences to talk about
something that must happen first before
another thing happens.

H Made up of an if-clause and a main clause.

If-clause Main clause

If it rains, I wear a raincoat.

This happens first. Then this happens.


If…
H The if-clause can come at the beginning
or end of a sentence.

e.g.
We need to bring in plants if there’s a number
3 signal.

If there’s a number 3 signal, we need to bring


in plants.
Look and say.
Example:

(sign /
hanging dangerously /
from a building /
take it down)

Weaneed
If sign to
is hanging
take a sign
dangerously
down if from
it is hanging
a building,
we need to take
dangerously fromita down.
building.
Now you try.

(a flood /
clear the drains)

If
Wethere’s
need toa clear
flood,the
we drains
need toif clear
there’s
thea drains.
flood.
(landslide /
leave home quickly)

Wethere’s
If need toa leave
landslide,
homewe
quickly
need if
to there’s
leave home
a
quickly.
landslide.
(boat /sinking /
send a rescue team)

We
If aneed
boattois send
sinking,
a rescue
we need
team
to if
send
a boat
a
is
rescue
sinking.
team.
(homeless /
open a shelter)
If people
We need toareopen
homeless,
a shelter
we if
need
people
to open
are
a shelter.
homeless.
What should we do if we
want to ride a bicycle? If we want to ride a
bicycle, we should ride
it on a cycle path.
If…

H We can use should or should not in the


main clause when we are giving
suggestions or advice.

e.g.

If we want to ride a bicycle, we should ride it


on a cycle path.
Look and say.
Example:

(cross the road / use


a pedestrian crossing)

If we want to cross the road, we should use a


pedestrian crossing.
Now you try.

(cross the road /


use a footbridge)

If we want to cross the road, we should use a


footbridge.
(a stranger / talk to us /
not talk to him or her)

If a stranger talks to us, we should not talk


to him or her.
(want to buy a snack after school /
not buy food from a hawker)

If we want to buy a snack after school, we


should not buy food from a hawker.
Practice
go to bed (go / bed)
1 If I am tired, I _________.

should do
2 If you want to get fitter, you ________
____________.
more exercise (do / exercise)

3 If you have a fever, you ____________


should go to
__________.
the doctor (go / doctor)

4 If you drop an egg, it _______.


breaks (break)

5 If you want to have good results in exams,


you _______________.
should work hard (work hard)
6 If she is happy, she ______.
laughs (laugh)