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APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Rakernas dan PIT IAI


Bukittinggi, 7-10 Mei 2015

Pendidikan Farmasi Indonesia


Menuju Akreditasi Internasional
(Indonesian Higher Pharmacy Education toward International Accreditation)

Daryono Hadi Tjahjono


Ketua APTFI
Sekolah Farmasi ITB
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)

MRA:
Thailand Myanmar Laos PDR Cambodia Vietnam o Product
Malaysia Singapore Indonesia Philippines Brunei o Human Resources
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Development
based on
Peran knowledge &
culture
Pendidikan Tinggi
Research & Development
Interaction with
Industry & Society

Application of
Science &
Higher Development
of Human
Technology Education Capital
Teaching &
Learning
Publication

Dissemination of
Knowledge &
Culture
Sumber: Dikti
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

What Is Accreditation?

XXX accreditation is assurance that a college or


university program meets the quality standards
established by the profession for which it prepares
its students.

For example, an accredited engineering program


must meet the quality standards set by the
engineering profession. An accredited computer
science program must meet the quality standards
set by the computing profession.
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Quality Culture

“ Individual and collective commitment to maintaining and


improving quality.” ( FIN HEEC)

“ Attention to quality permeates every aspect of the


organization” (Andrea Wilgeri, 1997)

“ The social glue that helps to hold an organization together”


(Robbin, 2001)
“Quality lies in culture; values are what constitute true quality ”

“ Culture goes beyond rules ”


APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

SPM-I DAN SPM-E DALAM MEMBANGUN


BUDAYA MUTU
(Bahrul Hayat, 2014)

Pendekatan Responsif/Reaktif

•Required
Process &
•Regulasi
Involvement
•Standarisasi BUDAYA Lemah dan
SPME SPMI •Regulasi
tidak sehat
•Legitimate
accountability
Internal MUTU
•Creating
work

Culture of compliance
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

SPM-I DAN SPM-E DALAM MEMBANGUN


BUDAYA MUTU
(Bahrul Hayat, 2014)
Pendekatan Regeneratif/Reproduktif

Sehat
•Self Regulation
•Regulasi
BUDAYA •Institutional
SPME •Standarisasi
•Legitimate MUTU Need
•Intrinsic Drive
SPMI
accountability
•Creating Quality

Kuat
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Disciplined
Action
Disciplined
Mind

Disciplined
People

(Bahrul Hayat, 2014)


APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

SPME
EVALUASI-DIRI

SPMI

PERBAIKAN INTERNAL
DAN PEMBINAAN
PERBAIKAN
INTERNAL
EVALUASI EKSTERNAL/
AKREDITASI
REKOMENDASI
PEMBINAAN

►►►budaya mutu
SPMI = Sistem Penjaminan Mutu Internal
SPME = Sistem Penjaminan Mutu Eksternal 9
CQI = Continuous Quality Improvement
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

RATE OF QUALITY IMPROVEMENT

Heywood, L.H., Principles-based accreditation: the way forward?, MJA, 186, 7, S31-S32, 2007
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

TINGGI
STANDAR NASIONAL PENDIDIKAN
UU No. 12/2012 Pendidikan Tinggi
2012
Pasal 54:

(1) Standar Pendidikan Tinggi terdiri atas:


a. Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi yang ditetapkan oleh Menteri
atas usul suatu badan yang bertugas menyusun dan
mengembangkan Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi; dan
b. Standar Pendidikan Tinggi yang ditetapkan oleh setiap Perguruan
Tinggi dengan mengacu pada Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi.
(2) Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat
(1) huruf a merupakan satuan standar yang meliputi standar nasional
pendidikan, ditambah dengan standar penelitian, dan standar
pengabdian kepada masyarakat.
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

TANTANGAN PERUBAHAN
SISTEM PENJAMINAN MUTU EKSTERNAL
(Undang-undang No. 12/2012) - 1

Pasal 53
Sistem penjaminan mutu Pendidikan Tinggi sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 51
ayat (2) terdiri atas:
a. sistem penjaminan mutu internal yang dikembangkan oleh Perguruan Tinggi; dan
b. sistem penjaminan mutu eksternal yang dilakukan melalui akreditasi.

Pasal 33 ayat 3
Program Studi diselenggarakan atas izin Menteri setelah memenuhi persyaratan
minimum akreditasi.

Pasal 60 ayat 4
Perguruan Tinggi yang didirikan harus memenuhi standar minimum akreditasi.
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

TANTANGAN PERUBAHAN
SISTEM PENJAMINAN MUTU EKSTERNAL
(Undang-undang No. 12/2012) - 2
Pasal 55 ayat 3
Pemerintah membentuk Badan Akreditasi Nasional Perguruan Tinggi untuk
mengembangkan sistem akreditasi.
Pasal 55 ayat 4
Akreditasi Perguruan Tinggi dilakukan oleh Badan Akreditasi Nasional Perguruan
Tinggi.
Pasal 55 ayat 5
Akreditasi Program Studi sebagai bentuk akuntabilitas publik dilakukan oleh
lembaga akreditasi mandiri.
Pasal 55 ayat 6
Lembaga akreditasi mandiri sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (5) merupakan
lembaga mandiri bentukan Pemerintah atau lembaga mandiri bentukan Masyarakat
yang diakui oleh Pemerintah atas rekomendasi Badan Akreditasi Nasional Perguruan
Tinggi.
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

TANTANGAN PERUBAHAN TUGAS BAN-PT (Undang-undang


No. 12/2012) - 3

Pasal 95
Sebelum terbentuknya lembaga akreditasi mandiri, akreditasi
program studi dilakukan oleh Badan Akreditasi Nasional Perguruan
Tinggi.
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

STANDAR 2008 VS STANDAR BARU


Standar 2008 Standar 2014
1 Visi, misi, tujuan, sasaran, dan
strategi pencapaian 1. Visi, misi
2 Tata pamong, kepemimpinan, sistem
pengelolaan dan penjaminan mutu 2. Tata kelola

3 Mahasiswa dan lulusan 3. Mahasiswa dan lulusan


4 Sumber daya manusia 4. Sumber daya manusia
5 Kurikulum, pembelajaran, dan
suasana akademik 5. Akademik
6 Pembiayaan, sarana prasarana, dan
sistem informasi 6. Penelitian
7 Penelitian, pengabdian pada
masyarakat, dan kerjasama 7. Pengabdian pada masyarakat

8. Sarana prasarana
9. Keuangan
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

PERUBAHAN (UU 20/2003 s/d UU 12/2012)


AKREDITASI DAN PENJAMINAN MUTU PENDIDIKAN
TINGGI

• Dari akreditasi sukarela  wajib.


• Dari akreditasi program studi  akreditasi program studi
dan akreditasi perguruan tinggi.
• Dari sistem penjaminan mutu internal sukarela  wajib.
• Dari badan akreditasi tunggal BAN-PT untuk akreditasi
program studi dan akreditasi institusi  BAN-PT untuk
akreditasi institusi dan LAM untuk akreditasi
program studi.
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

International Accreditation Networks

Field Specific Generic

Global Scale Washington INQAAHE


Accord International Network for Quality
u.a. 2 Mitglieder von Assurance Agencies in Higher
ENAEE Education

ENQA
European Network for Quality Assurance
European Scale
More than 40 members in Europe, mostly Quality Assurance/Accreditation Agencies + National
Unions of Students in Europe (ESIB), European University Association (EUA), European Association
of Institutions in Higher Education (EURASHE), European Centre for Higher Education (UNESCO-
CEPES) and the Union of Industrial and Employers’ Confederations of Europe (UNICE).

ECTN ENAEE
(„EUR-ACE“-
(Eurobachelor
Label)
-Label) European Network
European for the ECA
Chemistry Accreditation of European Consortium for Accreditation
Thematic Network Engineering
Association Education Österreichischer Akkreditierungsrat, Austria; Fachhochschulrat, Austria;
Akkreditierungsrat, Germany; ZEvA, Germany; FIBAA,Germany; ACQUIN, Germany;
AQAS, Germany; AHPGS, Germany; The Higher Education and Training Awards
More than 200 chemical societies and HEI Council (HETAC), Ireland; Nederlands-Vlaamse Accreditatie Organisatie (NVAO), the
in Europe All European Engineering Accreditation Netherlands/Flanders; Nasjonalt organ for kvalitet i utdanningen (NOKUT), Norway;
Agencies + FEANI, SEFI, CESAER, Agencia Nacional de Evaluación de la Calidad y Acreditación (ANECA), Spain; Organ
EUROCADRE S etc. für Akkreditierung und Qualitätssicherung der Schweizerischen Hochschulen (OAQ),
Switzerland
19
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

The Washington Accord

Dublin IoEI London EC

Düsseldorf ASIIN
Ottawa CCoPE

Baltimore ABET
Tokio JABEE

Hong Kong IoE

Members

Provisional Member

ASIIN
Johannesburg ECSA Canberra IoE

Wellington IoPE
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Washington Accord
… recognizes the “substantial equivalency” of
accreditation systems to assess that the
graduates of accredited programs are
prepared to practice engineering at the
entry level to the profession.

Therefore, the focus is on 4-year (minimum) Undergraduate


programs in engineering.
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Washington Accord
SIGNATORIES
Engineers Australia (1989) IPENZ (New Zealand -1989)
Engineers Canada (1989) IES (Singapore 2006)
HKIE (Hong Kong – 1995) IEET (Chinese Taipei – 2007)
Engineers Ireland (1989) ECSA (South Africa – 1999)
JABEE (Japan - 2005) ECUK (UK – 1989)
ABEEK (Korea – 2007) ABET (USA – 1989)

PROVISIONAL STATUS
ASIIN (Germany - 2003) BEM (Malaysia - 2003)
NBA of AICTE (India - 2007) IE Sri Lanka (2007)
RAEE (Russia – 2007)
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Typical options for European


HEI systems

Consecutive Integrated Short


EHS
TCD
(Doctorate)
Postgraduate
Postgraduate
Study Doctorate
Doctorate
Third Cycle Study
Long
33 -- 44 Years
Years
Doctorate
~
~33 Years
Years
SCD
(Master) Graduate
Graduate SCDCycle
Second
Study
Study
Second Cycle 60-120 CPs 4 - 5 Years
Degree
1 - 2 Years Long
FCD
(Bachelor) Study Program First Cycle
FCD
Degree
Long
Undergraduate
Undergraduate Short
Study180-240 Study
~ 5 Program
Years
First Cycle Study CPs Study Short
Program
Study Program 3
Bologna-Process ~ 5 Years 3- -44Years
Years
3 - 4 Years
(1999 - 2010)
UK, IR, Global Standard Continental Europe
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

University Diplomas

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PRESTIGE THAT COMES WITH THE DEGREE YOU HAVE ALWAYS DREAMED OF.
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AND LIFE EXPERIENCE.
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APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

PARADIGMA KURIKULUM PENDIDIKAN DI ITB

1. Outcomes based education


Pendekatan ini secara eksplisit dan terukur menetapkan
capaian yang harus diraih lulusan
Notes:
“An outcomes-based approach to education clearly specifies what
students are expected to learn and arranges the curriculum such that
these intended outcomes are achieved”. (Harden, 2007)

“In order for approach to succeed, learning outcomes must be: 1) clearly
articulated in a way that is contextualized within the discipline; 2)
communicated broadly; 3) used to inform and influence decisions about
curriculum; and, 4) monitored regularly to ensure that they remain
current and accurately reflect the intent of the degree program”.
(Manogue and Brown, 2007; Harden, 2007)
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

PARADIGMA KURIKULUM PENDIDIKAN DI ITB


2. Learner centered education
Berorientasi pada kebutuhan, kemampuan, minat dan
pola belajar mahasiswa
3. Continuous Improvement
Peningkatan mutu pembelajaran secara berkelanjutan
melalui penerapan siklus perencanaan, implementasi,
evaluasi, umpan balik, dan penyempurnaan
4. International accreditation and benchmarking
Pemenuhan standar akreditasi internasional dan/atau
kriteria standar keprofesian internasional
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Perbedaan Persyaratan Lisensi Apoteker di Asia-Pasifik


Negara Persyaratan Lisensi
Indonesia 4 tahun Sarjana Farmasi + 1 tahun PSPA diakhiri dengan Ujian Apoteker
(melibatkan organisasi Profesi (IAI)
Malaysia 4 tahun B.Pharm + (32) year compulsory government service; Provisional
Registered Pharmacist, nasional licence exam (1 tahun)
Singapore 4 year accredited B.Pharm + 1 year accredited preregistration program
Thailand 6 year Pharm.D (sejak 2009)
Philippines Minimum 4 year BS. Pharmacy + 960 hour internship in hospital/community/
manufacturing pharmacy
Hong Kong 3 year + 1 year internship at hospital
China 4 year BS. Pharm + 3 year work experience + National Exam
Japan 6 year + National Board Exam
New Zealand 4 year accredited B.Pharm + 1 year accredited preregistration program
Australia 4 year B.Pharm + 1 year (2000 hrs) pre-registration
training followed by State-based Pharmacy Board examination. National Board
examination and registration for future implementation
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Pharmacy Education in Asia Pacific and US


Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 Note
Australia B.Pharm Nationl registration
B.Sc. MPh National registration
China B.Pharm 3 yr experience + Licensure Exam
B.Pharm-Cli 3 yr experience + Licensure Exam
Hongkong B.Pharm Licensing
B.Pharm Licensing (from 2012-13)
India Diploma Pharm
B.Pharm
Pharm.D
Indonesia B.Pharm Licensing Exam
Japan B.Sc. Scientist or pharm Industry
Pharm.D CBT & OSCE after finishing 4 yr
Korea Pre Pharm.D. 1400 hrsLicensure Exam
B.Pharm Scientist or pharm Industry
Malaysia B.Pharm Pre-Univ: 1-2 yr
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Pharmacy Education in Asia Pacific and US


Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 Notes
New Zealand 1 Year pre-Reg registration
Philippines 960 hrs BS PharmLicensure Exam
960 hrs BS PharmLicensure Exam
960 hrs Pharm.DLicensure Exam
Singapore B.Sc. Competence Exam
Taiwan B.Pharm Incl. 640 hrs intership
B.Pharm Incl. 640 hrs intership
Pharm.D Incl. 1440 hrs APPE clerkship
Thailand Pharm.D 2 tracks: pharm industry + clinical
Vietnam B.Pharm

USA Pre Pharm.D Licensure Exam


Netherlands B.Sc. MS Internship+Licensure Exam
Germany Licensure Exam
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Perubahan Lama Pendidikan Farmasi


di Indonesia
19673) - 19734) -

19673) - 19734) - 5 Drs+ 5,5 Drs+


1 Apt 1 Apt
19531) - 19602) - 5 Drs+ 5,5 Drs+
1 Apt 1 Apt
1947 - 1+1+2 5 Drs + 1979 - 19935) -
[Ap] + 2 1 Apt
3SM+2,5S [r] Drs 4,5 Drs+ 4 S.Si.+
+ 0,5-2 Apt
1 Apt 1 Apt
1)1Sept 1953  1 Propadeus + 1 Candidaat + 2 Apoteker + 2 Drs (4+2) [Kem PP&K, UGM, Fipia UI]
2)22Juni 1960  1 Persiapan + 2 SM + 2 S + 1 Apt (5+1) [ITB, UGM, Unpad, IAI, Kemkes]
3)Mulai menerapkan sistem semester; Ujian Apt bisa di semester 9
4)Mulai menerapkan sistem SKS, baik di tingkat sarjana maupun Apt.
5)Pendidikan sarjana 8 semester (144 SKS)
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

SCHOOL OF PHARMACY ITB


Bachelor’s Programmes of
Pharmaceutical Science and
Technology
& Clinical and Community Pharmacy

Towards ASIIN Acreditation


APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Outline
• B-1 Formal Data
• B-2 Degree Programmes: Content Concept and
Implementation
• B-3 Degree Programmes: Structures, Methods and
Implementation
• B-4 Examination: System, Concept and Organisation
• B-5 Resources
• B-6 Quality Management: Further Development of
Degree Programmes
• B-7 Documentation & Transparency
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

B-2 Degree Programme: Content, Concept and


Implementation
Modules and Their Learning Outcomes
Pharm Sci Tech Bachelor Programmes
1. Conceptual Learning
2. General Personal Development
3. Drug Design, Development and Quality Evaluation
4. Pharmaceutical Compounding and Manufacturing
5. Principle of Drug Dispensing and Dose Regimen
6. Microbiology and Biotechnology in Pharmacy
7. Pharmacodynamics
8. Natural Medicine
9. Personal Scientific Interest Development (Elective)
10. Integrated Academic Skill Development
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

B-2 Degree Programme: Content, Concept and


Implementation
Modules and Their Learning Outcomes
Clin Community Pharm Bachelor Programmes
1. Conceptual Learning
2. General Personal Development
3. Clinical Sciences and Practices
4. Principles of Analyses of Biologically Active and
Endogenous Substances
5. Introduction to Pharmaceutical Compounding and
Manufacturing
6. Drug Dispensing and Dose Regimen
7. Introduction to Microbiology and Biotechnology in
Pharmacy
8. Pharmacodynamics
9. Natural Medicines
10. Personal Scientific Interest Development
11. Integrated Academic Skill Development
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

B-2 Degree Programme: Content, Concept and


Implementation
Assessment of Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcome Module Course

LO 3. Recognize physical,
STF chemical, and Module 4:
physicochemical Pharmaceutical FA2131 (Farset Das)
properties of Compounding and FA2231 (FarFis)
pharmaceutical Manufacturing
ingredients

LO 3. Describe the basic Module 5:


FKK principle of Introduction to FA2131 (Farset Das)
pharmaceutical
Pharmaceutical FA2231 (FarFis)
formulation,
manufacturing and Compounding and FK2231 (DTSF)
quality assessment Manufacturing
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia
B-2 Degree Programme: Content, Concept and
Implementation
Assessment of Learning Outcomes
(surrogate measures)
Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia
B-2 Degree Programme: Content, Concept and
Implementation
Assessment of Learning Outcomes
Clinical and Community Pharmacy (surrogate measures)
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Recognition
 Quality culture and continuous improvement
 Licensure/registration of graduates from
recognized programs rests with receiving
country/jurisdiction
 Facilitates international mobility for students/
graduates
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

APOTIK PERTAMA
Kemajuan di masa Kekhalifahan Arab telah memisahkan seni Keapotekeran dan Kedokteran,
dan pada akhir abad ke-8 M telah mendirikan Apotik swasta pertama di Bagdad. Dengan
tetap melestarikan kearifan Greco-Roman, mereka mengembangkan sirop dari bahan alam.
Saat kaum muslim menyebar Africa, Spain and southern France, mereka membawa profesi
Farmasi tersebut yang segera dapat diterima oleh Eropa Barat.
APTFI Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Farmasi Indonesia

Terima Kasih
Matur nuwun
vielen Dank fűr Ihre
Aufmerksamkeit
Thank You