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BEARING LIFE & JOURNAL

BEARING
PRESENTATION BY: 2017-UET-GSPCT-MECH-05
2017-UET-GSPCT-MECH-13
2017-UET-GSPCT-MECH-24
2017-UET-GSPCT-MECH-33
SUBMITTED TO:
ENGR. HAFIZ AHMAD BILAL
BEARING LIFE
• The life of an individual ball (or roller) bearing may be defined as the number of
revolutions (or hours at some given constant speed) which the bearing runs before the
first evidence of fatigue develops in the material .
• The RATING LIFE of a group of apparently identical ball or roller bearings is
defined as the number of revolutions (or hours at some given constant speed) that 90
per cent of a group of bearings will complete or exceed before the first evidence of
fatigue develops.
• The term MINIMUM LIFE is also used to denote the rating life.The average life of a
bearing is 5 times the rating life (or minimum life). It may be noted that the longest
life of a single bearing is seldom longer than the 4 times the average life and the
maximum life of a single bearing is about 30 to 50 times the minimum life.
JOURNAL BEARING
• Journal bearing consist of a shaft or
journal which rotates freely in a
supporting metal sleeve or shell.
• There are no rolling elements in these
bearings.
• Oil hole is drilled at the top for
lubrication.
• Journal bearings are often called radial
bearings.
OIL LUBRICATION
• Oils are used in journal bearings when
cooling is required.
• High-speed journal bearings are always
lubricated with oil rather than a grease.
• Oilis supplied to the bearing by either a
pressurized oil pump system.
• Grooves in the bearing shell are used to
distribute the oil throughout the bearings’
surfaces.
TYPES OF JOURNAL BEARING
When the angle of contact of the bearing with the journal is 360° then the bearing
is called a FULL JOURNAL BEARING. This type of bearing is commonly used
in industrial machinery to accommodate bearing loads in any radial direction.
When the angle of contact of the bearing with the journal is 120°, then the bearing
is said to be PARTIAL JOURNAL BEARING. This type of bearing has less
friction than full journal bearing, but it can be used only where the load is always
in one direction.
USES OF JOURNAL BEARING
• They are used when the load is
light and the motion is continuous.
• Journal bearings are most often
used in industrial machines that
require high horsepower and high
loads like turbines and pumps.
• Journal bearing are widely use in
diesel fueled piston engine in motor
vehicle and allowed parts to move
together smoothly.
ADVANTAGES OF JOURNAL BEARING

• It handle high load and velocities because metal to metal contact is minimal
due to the oil film.
• The journal bearing is remarkably durable and long lasting.
• The damping effect of the oil film, journal bearing help make engines quiet
and smooth running.
• Journal bearings are often restored by the process of chrome plating and
finish grinding.
DISADVANTAGES OF JOURNAL BEARING

• They require large supply of lubricating


oil.
• Suitable only for relative low temperature
and speed.
• Starting resistance is much greater than
running resistance due to slow build up of
lubricant film around the bearing surface.
CRITICAL PRESSURE FOR JOURNAL BEARING
• The pressure at which the oil film breaks down so that metal to metal contact
begins, is known as critical pressure or the minimum operating pressure of
the bearing. It may be obtained by the following relation, i.e. Critical pressure
or minimum operating pressure.
COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION FOR JOURNAL
BEARING
In order to determine the coefficient of friction for well lubricated full journal
bearings, the following empirical relation established by McKee based on the
experimental data, may be used.
SOMMERFELD NUMBER

• The Sommerfeld number is a dimensionless parameter used extensively in


the design of journal bearings.
Mathematically,
HEAT GENERATED IN JOURNAL BEARING

• The heat generated in a bearing is due to the fluid friction and friction of the
parts having relative motion.
Mathematically, heat generated in a bearing,
Qg = μ.W.V N-m/s or J/s or watts
where μ = Coefficient of friction,
W = Load on the bearing in N,
THANK YOU
FOR YOUR ATTENTION!