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Grading System
• Mid Grade= 60% CS + 40% Mid Exam

• TFG = 40% CS + 60% Exam

• FG = 40%MG + 60% TFG

• Attendance (Class Hour)
Every class/group will designate a trusted checker
• Participation
– Class requirements and activities
– Institute activities
– School activities
• Discipline(Abide with the school/institute/class
rules and policy)
****Refer to the KSU Student hand book****


Art Appreciation/ Etymology

Humanities Definition
Work of Art
Importance of Art
Functions of Art
Why do we need to study
Humanities? Categories
History Different classifications
Other related fields in humanities Other Classification
Different subject of work of art
Different ways of presenting the
Artist and his medium
Artist and his technique

Painting Sculpture Photography

Filipino Painters Etymology Etymology
Purposes Definition Definition
Elements Materials
Modes of
Different mediums Elements
Different techniques Types
Function Steps
Processes & technique Example of
Award giving body
Final Term


Music Cinema
Etymology Etymology
Definition Definition
Function Definition
Properties Elements
Different kinds
Elements Different kinds
Different mediums
It came from the Latin word “humanus” which means refined,
culture and human
Refined - Norms, being civilize, and socialize
Cultured - Adaptation to environment (social interaction, norms)
Human - Having the nature of people, being a person

- The expression of ourselves without using of words (painting,
sculptures, dancing, mosaic, cross stitch, collage, paper and
- The study of man’s expression feelings, thought, intuition,
values, and ideas
- The study of man’s experience, goals, and aspirations
- It is used to dramatize individual expressions
Why do we need to study

The humanities serve to provide the student

with certain skills and values through the arts.
Students learn to appreciate the importance of
value that no other subject can describe those
values which are directly an exact.
Aim of Humanities
•During Medieval Age
The humanities dealt with the metaphysics of the
religious philosopher.

•During Renaissance Period

To make man richer because during that time only the
rich people can make art like paintings, sculpture and etc.

•During 19th and 20th century

Is to appreciate and understand the importance of
human being, his ideas and aspirations
Other Related fields in

• Anthropology
• History
• Literature
• Philosophy
• Religion
• Sociology
• Visual and Performing Arts

It came from the Latin word “ars/artis” which means to do or man



– It is a medium of expression because through arts we express

our ideas, emotions, feelings, without using words.
– Creative activity which involves skill or expertness in
handling materials and organizing them into a new.
Work of Art
– A thing of beauty having aesthetic value. Obra maestra, provides
aesthetic values to the viewers.
– It must have an artistic merit and literary merit.
– It is a symbolic state of meaning rather having a practical function.

Spolarium The Last Supper
Mona Lisa Madonna and child

Banaue Rice Terraces

Importance of Art
• Driven our existence
• Satisfies the needs for personal expression
• Develop our skills to express ourselves
• Challenge us to see things differently
• It unleash our hidden desires and passion
• It can change our ways in life
• To see the truth that we might understand before
• It gives pleasure, satisfaction and gratification
Functions of Art

• To express beauty
• It gives man moment of relaxation and spiritual
• It serves as a channel of man’s passion
• Arts reformed man
• Overcomes the feelings of restlessness and
Categories of work of art
considered to be great
• Best selling - it is very popular in its day, or is produced by an
artist who has done other very popular piece.

• Ground breaking- that it does not follow regular convention or

already tried artistic methods real closely. It is not, in short, just
one more soap opera following an old, old formula, no matter
how well done.

• Inherently beautiful - means just as the art critics do

require and demand that a work of art have an inner
harmony, beauty, and emotional/intuitive meaning that
are unified, strong and intense, and deeply moving to
us. Something that appeals to your senses and
Different classifications of Art
I. By the Audience
- focus on how audience classified arts

1. Performing Arts- something an artist used body as a medium.

An art form that is moving from one place to another.

Example: play, movies, live music, movies/TV, operas,

mime, puppetry, acrobatic, dance, and ballet

2. Visual Arts- usually exist in two dimensional form and stay in

one place. Something that we see and hear.

Example: painting, photography, drawing, films,

sculpture, engraving, wooden materials, silk screen,
cartoon, stained glass, mosaic, and stage setting.
3. Literature- talks about language that affects our imagination and
make us think

Example: non fiction, fiction, stage play, poetry, screenplay and


4. Sculptural- a three dimensional form that we can touch, see, and

climb. It stays in one place.

Example: Monument, Architectural Designs, Rice terraces, Rock

Garden, Eiffel Tower, Statue of Liberty, flower gardens, water
fountain, and buildings.
II. By Critics
- Focus on how people judge art
Major Arts or Fine Arts- those that includes music, literature,
sculpture, painting, dance, theater, photography, and architecture.

2. Minor Arts or Applied Arts- those that includes ceramics,

furniture, weaving, photography, and letterings.

a. Pure Art- created and performed for other sake and to satisfies the
Example: Watching movie

b. Practical Art- with a purpose, for practical use that

something is useful
Example: Chair and Table
III. By an Artist
- Characterize by special sensing, physical and special senses

1. Sight art- something that you can see, imagine, and create
Example: painting, drawing, mosaic, drafting design, stage
design, light displays and graphic design

2. Sound Art- something that you can hear

Example: Literature, Poetry, plays and Music

3. Touch Art- something that you can feel or touch

Example: Sculpture, Curving, Wood Craft, Pottery,
Dance Movement, and building
IV. Other Classification

1. Real Art- something that is understandable “what you

see is what you get”, objective and representational.

Example: photography, stage play, dance, sculpture,

and architecture

2. Abstract Art- non subject matter, non representational

that we cannot understand on the part of the listener.

Example: Grey Tree by Piet Mondrian

Elements of Art
I. Color (Hue) - gives meaning, value, intensity and saturation to
an object. It has series of wave lengths which strikes our retina.
Example of Color and its meaning
Color Meaning
Black - Death, despair, gloom, sorrow,
Blue - Infinity, Freedom, Calmness,
Brown - Humility
Green - Nature, Freshness, Prosperity, Hope, Money
Orange - Sweetness, Cheerfulness,
Pink - Feminity, love,
Red - Bravery, Energy, Passion, War, Warm
Violet - Royalty, Dull
White - Purity, Clarity, Simplicity, Virginity, Peace
Yellow - Joyful, Life, Vibrant, Sunshine, Happiness
Properties of colors
a. Value- lightness, brightness, darkness of color
b. Saturation- degree of quality, purity, and strength such as
scarlet and indigo. 2 to 3 colors in things.
• Complimentary colors lie opposite each other on the color
wheel. Side by side they appear brightest, mixed together they
make brown.
• Intensity is the quality of brightness and purity (chroma).
Strong bright hues have high intensity. Faint, dull or almost
neutral hues have low intensity.
Classification of colors
a. Primary colors- colors that cannot be formed from mixtures
because they are pure colors.
Example: red, blue and yellow.

b. Secondary colors- colors form out of combination of two

primary colors.
Blue + Yellow = Green
Red + Blue = Violet
Red + Yellow = Orange
c. Intermediate colors- colors form out of mixing one primary and
one secondary.


Yellow + Green = Yellow green

Red + Violet = Red violet
Red + Orange = Red orange

d. Tertiary colors- form out of combination of two secondary


Orange + purple = russet
Orange + green = citron
Purple + green = olives
II. Line - one or two dimensional art that indicates direction,
orientation, movement, and energy. It is considered as the oldest,
simplest, universal element.

Direction of Line
a. Vertical line- basic framework of all forms, power &
delimination, strength, stability, simplicity, and efficiency.
b. Horizontal line- creates an impression of serenity and perfect
stability. Rest, calmness, peace, and reposed.
c. Diagonal line- it shows movement and instability. Portrays
movement action.
d. Jog line- it shows violence, zigzag, confusion, and conflict.
e. Curve line- it shows a gradual change of direction and
fluidity. It signifies subtle form.
Line: The path of a moving point.
Lines take many forms and may convey emotional qualities.
*An emphasizing line is a contour line, showing the contour
edges of an object.
*A de-emphasizing line can eliminate or hide the outline and is
called painterly.

*An axis line, an imaginary line traced through one or several

objects in a picture, shows if objects have been organized in a
particular direction.
III. Medium - it denotes the means of artists to express his ideas, it
pertains to materials used to express feelings through art.

IV. Rhythm- pattern, arrangement of lines, color, synchronization

or connection of path that suggest gracefulness.

V. Style- the typical expressing and training of artist and outlook

in life.

VI. Structure- surface and quality of object either real or made to

be appeared real. It gives variety and beauty on art.

VI. Shape - the enclosed space defined by other elements of

art. shapes may take on the appearance of two-d or
three- objects.
Principles of Art

• Emphasis – the composition refers to developing points of interest to

pull the viewer's eye to important parts of the body of the work.

• Balance – it is a sense of stability in the body of work. It can be

created by repeating same shapes and by creating a feeling of equal

• Harmony – achieved in a body of work by using similar elements

throughout the work, harmony gives an uncomplicated look to your

• Variety – refers to the differences in the work, you can

achieve variety by using difference shapes, textures, colors
and values in your work.
• Movement – adds excitement to your work by showing action and
directing the viewers eye throughout the picture plane.

• Rhythm – a type of movement in drawing and painting. It is seen in

repeating of shapes and colors. Alternating lights and darks also give
a sense of rhythm.

• Proportion or scale – refers to the relationships of the size of objects

in a body of work. Proportions give a sense of size seen as a
relationship of objects. such as smallness or largeness.

• Unity – is seen in a painting or drawing when all the parts

equal a whole. Your work should not appear disjointed or
Different subject
work of art

1. Nature 8. churches
2. Woman 9. Child
3. Emotion 10. Fruits
4. Places 11. Toys
5. Animals 12. Landscapes
6. Events 13. Seascapes
7. Saints 14. Religion
Different ways of presenting
the subject

1. Realism - the artists portrays the subject as ease.

Example: Bonjour, Monsieur Courbet by Gustave Courbet in 1854
2. Abstraction - there is no subject 3. Distortion - usually done to
but only his feelings and ideas. You dramatize the shape of a figure
cannot figure out the subject/object. or to create an emotional
effect. Measurement is not
Example: Figura by Arturo Luz proportioned.
Example: Caricature
• Idealized form: Rendered as an ideal

• Naturalistic form: Imitating the effect or appearance of


• Amorphous form: Lacking definite form, shapeless

• Biomorphic form: Having the form of a living entity

• Geometric form:
Having shapes with uniformly straight or curved edges.
• Texture: The • Collage is the
appearance of technique of adding
surface quality or feel. paper, cloth or really
The impression any materials to the
received from an surface, creating
artwork, ranging from three-dimensional
silken smooth to forms that invite
sandpaper rough. touch, increasing
textual awareness.
Smooth: No textural "barriers" or "distractions"
Rough: Can be created by the heavy application of paint
Velvety : smooth and mellow, fabric with soft lustrous pile: a cotton,
silk, or nylon fabric with a dense, soft, usually lustrous pile and a plain
Silky : looking or feeling like silk: resembling silk, especially in
smoothness, softness, or shininess
Downy : soft: soft and fluffy, covered with soft fine hairs , feather-
filled: filled with feathers
Bumpy : uneven: having a rough or uneven surface like a bumpy road,
bouncy: uncomfortably bouncy or rough like a bumpy ride
Artist and His Medium

- As the materials, the artist way of expressing his emotion in

order to communicate his ideas.
1. Visual - that can be seen and can occupy space.
Example: painting and drawing

2 Auditory/time - that can be heard.

Example: music and literature

- That can be seen and heard.

Example: opera, dance, drama and movies
Artist and His Technique

How to control his medium to achieve his

desire in the work of art. It also pertains to
technical requirement of the particular work of
art. It is how he manipulates his medium
– The practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a
surface (support base). In art, the term describes both the act and the
result, which is called a painting.

– Paintings may have for their support such surfaces as walls, paper,
canvas, wood, glass, lacquer, clay or concrete.

– Paintings may be decorated with gold leaf, and some modern

paintings incorporate other materials including sand, clay, and
scraps of paper.

– Tangible canvass that we see through the use of his hands.

– It is the most widely practiced and appreciated.

Example: canvass, paper, wood, plaster

Filipino Painters

Juan Luna’s famous works include the “The Death of

Cleopatra”, which won him a silver medal at the National Exposition
of Fine Arts (1881) and “The Spolarium”, his greatest masterpiece
that won him a gold medal at the National Exposition of Fine Arts
held in Madrid in 1884. The “Battle of Lepanto” won him another
gold medal at the Barcelona Exposition in 1888. Among his
last painting include “El Pacto de Sangre” which won first prize
in Paris and at the St. Louis Exposition, USA in 1904.
Purposes of Painting
1. Painting commemorates historical events.
2. For recognition of religious activities.

Elements of Painting
Different Mediums in Painting

1. Oil
2. Pencil
3. Watercolor
4. Charcoal
5. Tempera
6. Fresco
7. Pastel
8. Acrylic
9. Mosaic
10. Crayon
Different Techniques
– Ability which artist fulfill his work of art and manipulates ideas.

1. Realism - introduced by a French man named Gustave Courbet in

19th century. Adopted to describe things represent figures and
exactly how they look like in real life.
Example: sunset, sunrise, and nature

sunset sunrise
2. Surealism - invented from the word super naturalism. It is used to
emphasize the unconscious creative activity of the mind.



3. Cubism - initiated by Cezanne, the father of cubism. It shows
the flatness of the picture and rejects traditional perspectives.

Example: Demoiselles d’ Avignon in 1907 by Pablo Picasso

4. Expressionism - tries to express subjective feelings and emotions of
the artists. It is how the artist feels about the subject.

Example: The Scream by Edvard Munch in 1892

5. Impressionism - the artist depicts what stimulates the eye. What we
see is important in an impressionist. When they create an art they are
more concerned with the effects of lights that would get the attention
of the audience.

Example: Soleil Levant (Impression, sunrise) by Claude

Monet in 1872
6. Symbolism - the visible sign of something invisible such as ideas
or quality. Something that you can create in the mind such as
ideas that can be depicted through painting.

Example: La mort du fossoyeur ("The death of the gravedigger") by

Carlos Schwabe
7. Pointillism - a style of painting in which the artists use small distinct
dots of color forming a figure and it has an item of “luminosity” and
create the impression of a wide selection of other colors and

Example: La Parade de Cirqu by Seurat (1889)

8. Futurism - an art movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th
century. Machine and motions is the main subject of this technique
which try to show movement and speed. Rejected the traditional
perspectives and attempted to glorify a new life.

Example: The City Rises by Umberto Boccioni (1910)

9. Minimalism - the form is reduced to outmost simplicity geometrical
shape which emphasizes space.

Example: The reconstruction of German Pavillion in Barcelona

10. Fauvism - the painter try to paint picture by using bright and
extreme colors in order to assume positive characters.

Example: The portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line) by

Henry Matisse in 1905
11. Dadaism - a post-World War I cultural movement in visual art as
well as literature (mainly poetry), theatre and graphic design. It
shows a movement that shock and provokes the viewers.

Example: Hitler in Hell by George Grosz

12.Constructivism - derived from the word “construction.” Construction
of abstract pictures such as metal and wire.

Example: Model of the Monument to the Third International by Tatlin

The term of " sculpture" comes from Latin word " sculpere"
which means to cut or remove pieces with a stone.

– It is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining
hard and/or plastic material, sound, and/or text and or light,
commonly stone (either rock or marble), metal, glass, or wood.
– Aesthetic art of modeling shaping single block or mash materials
into a 3 dimensional form out of rock, wood, and metal.
Example: Statue of David and U.P Oblation
Statue of David U.P Oblation
Materials in Sculpture Elements of Sculpture

1. Cluster 1. Form
2. Plastic 2. Color
3. Aluminum 3. Line
4. Bronze 4. Volume
5. Rock 5. Perspective
6. Wood 6. Texture
7. Metal 7. Style
Types of Sculpture
Some common forms of sculpture are:

1. Free-standing sculpture, sculpture that is surrounded on all sides,

except the base, by space. It is also known as sculpture "in the
round", and is meant to be viewed from any angle.

2. Sound sculpture - Sound sculpture (related to sound art and sound

installation) is an intermedia and time based art form in which
sculpture or any kind of art object produces sound, or the reverse
(in the sense that sound is manipulated in such a way as to create
a sculptural as opposed to temporal form or mass).

3. Light sculpture - is an intermedia and time based art form

in which sculpture or any kind of art object produces light,
or the reverse (in the sense that light is manipulated in such
a way as to create a sculptural as opposed to temporal form
or mass).
4. Jewelry – objects of personal adornment made of precious metals,
gems, or imitation materials.

5. Relief - the sculpture is still attached to a background; types are bas-

relief, alto-relievo, and sunken-relief

6. Site-specific art - is artwork created to exist in a certain place

7. Kinetic sculpture - involves aspects of physical motion

a. Fountain - the sculpture is designed with moving water

b. Mobile
8. Statue - representation list sculpture depicting a specific entity,
usually a person, event, animal or object

a. Bust - representation of a person from the chest up

b. Equestrian statue - typically showing a significant person on

9. Stacked art - a form of sculpture formed by assembling objects

and 'stacking' them

10. Architectural sculpture - Architectural sculpture is the term for the

use of sculpture by an architect and/or sculptor in the design of a
building, bridge, mausoleum or other such project.
Sculpture functions as an integral part of many ceremonies and
events. Often unnoticed, it gives us a visual reference for our emotional
experiences throughout the passages of life. Tombstones, for example,
are a form of sculpture commemorating death, a universal event.

Processes and Techniques

Processes in sculpting vary, and always depend on the
materials used. There is cast sculpture, where a material, such as
bronze, begins as a clay form that is cast in a mould to produce a given
shape; there is also carved sculpture, such as wood or stone.
Two distinct methods have emerged; an additive process,
where material is added again and again to build up the form,
for example with clay, and the subtractive process, where
the artist removes or subtracts materials to create the form,
as in marble or stone carving.
The word music comes from the Greek “mousikê”
(tekhnê) by way of the Latin musica. It is ultimately
derived from “mousa,” the Greek word for muse.

– Consist of sounds and silences in such a manner
as to convey emotions and feelings of the composer.
– Combination of melodious tones, and sounds
of varying pitch to produce harmony.
Function of Music

1. Religious and ceremonial purpose

2. Release the tensions and emotion

3. To listen to music intelligently

4. Therapeutic value

5. For entertainment

6. Experience reflect music

7. Learning is made easy to music

Properties of Music
1. Pitch - highness and lowness of tone.
2. Duration - the length of time over which vibration is maintained.
3. Volume - loudness and softness of voice.
4. Timber/tone color - distinctive or individual quality of the sound.

Elements of Music
1. Rhythm - the over all movement or swing of music, slow or fast
2. Melody - emotional motions, sometimes called the memory
element of music. It is what the listener remembers.
3. Harmony - it is the combination of different tones and blending of
4. Dynamics - the softness and loudness of voice. It is the force of
5. Style - the result of restraining, temperament. Singers’ way of doing
his music.

Different Mediums of Music

I. Vocal medium – refers to human voice.

Vocal classes
a. Soprano - highest register of voice for female
Example: Sylvia dela Torre and Armida
Siguion-Reyna, (coloratura soprano) Charlotte Church
b. Mezzo soprano - medium register of voice for female
Example: Betty Allen (america) and Lea Salonga
c. Alto - lowest register of voice for female
Example: Claire dela Fuente and Isay Alvarez
d. Tenor - highest register of voice for male
Example: Luciano Pavarotti was (this century's most famous
tenor) Carreras, Pavorotti, Placido Domingo, and Eric Caruso
e. Baritone - medium register of voice for male
Example: Nonoy Zuñiga
f. Bass - lowest register of voice for male
Example: Tim Riley (performed in Gold City Quartet)
Solo - singing without accompaniment

Duet - a group of two singers or a composition of two voices

Acappella- is an all-male Contemporary Christian vocal group founded

in 1982 by Keith Lancaster, who has variously played the role
of singer, songwriter and producer throughout the group's
history. Chorus or choir - a musical ensemble of singers.

Choir/chorus - a body of singers who perform together. Often applied

to groups affiliated with a church.

Quartet - a method of instrumentation (or a medium), used to

perform a musical composition, and consisting of four parts.
II. Instrumental medium - with the use of musical instruments.

1. Strings - They consist of the violin, viola, cello, and double

bass. They all have the same basic shape, but are very different
in size. They each have four strings, are made of wood, and are
played by drawing a bow across the strings or plucking the
strings with the fingers.
2. Brass - instruments are the loudest members of the orchestra.
They include French horn, trumpet, trombone, and tuba. Brass
instruments are long tubes of metal which the player blows into
through a mouth-piece at one end. The player makes a buzzing
sound with his or her lips, and the sound comes out the other end
which is wider, like a bell.
3. Woodwinds - instruments are most commonly made of wood or
metal, and are played by blowing air across an opening at one end
or through a "reed", and by covering and uncovering holes along
the instrument with fingers or levers, keys, and pads. The
members of this family are flute and piccolo, oboe and English
horn, clarinet and bass clarinet, and bassoon and contra-bassoon.
4. Percussion - instruments are the rhythm section of the orchestra.
They make sounds when they are struck, scraped, or rattled with
hands or special sticks. Some percussion instruments have a
definite highness or lowness, a quality called pitch, and some do
not have a definite pitch. Xylophone, timpani, chimes,
vibraphone, and Celesta are examples of pitched percussion
instruments, while bass drum, snare drum, triangle, cymbals, and
tambourine are non-pitched percussion instruments.
Kinds of Music
1. Program music - any music which is connected on poem or
story more on literature.
Example: An Alpine Symphony by Richard Strauss

2. Folk music - tradition music of people, race, generation which

is past from one generation to another generation.

Example: Tinikling, Singkil, Itik-Itik

3. Art music - normally accompanied by piano. The most

sophisticated of all.

Example: Serenade by Franz Schubert

4. Jazz music - more on trumphets, violin, clarinet, trombone,
drums, and saxophone.

Example: Careless Whisper and Somewhere Over the


5. Classical music - depicts love

Example: Oh ilaw, hating gabe, nasan ka irog

6. Opera - combination of song, dance, acting, ballet,


Example: Miss Saigon, Chicago, les miserables,

New York
Composer - a person who create musical or literary work

Best Composers

Vennie Saturno = Be my Lady

Ogie Alcasid = Kung mawawala ka
Danny Tan = Close to where you are
Lito Camo = Para Sa’yo
Ryan Cayabyab = Kailangan Kita
Jose Marie Chan = Christmas in our hearts
Louie Ocampo = Say that you love me
George Canseco = Kastilyong Buhangin
The word “Dance” comes from an old German word, “Danson”, which
means “to stretch.”

- a sport and art form that generally refers to movement of the body, usually
rhythmic and to music used as a form of expression, social interaction or
presented in a spiritual or performance setting.

- It is an art performed by individuals or groups of human beings, existing in

time and space, in which the human body is the instrument and movement is
the medium

- Rhythmic movement of the body to create emotions with music

- Succession or arrangement of steps performed for purposes

such as rituals or expression of inner thoughts
Elements of Dance
1. Choreography - creation of steps with music and movement with
a rhythm of music

2. Costumes- the style of dress that a dancer wears. It depends upon

the color

3. Dancer - a person who perform synchronize movement. usually

employed on contract or for particular performances/productions
such as Anna Pavlova Patrick Swayze Rudolf Nureyev.

4. Decoration - it pertains to props, design and accessories.

5. Movement - the action of the dancer as they move to

create various and to communicate with audience
6. Music - the mood and the plan based on the music

7. Technique - control of the muscles over the body

8. Theme - it is actually the main content of the dance. It tells us

what the dance is trying to convey

Choreographer - Choreographers are generally university trained

and are typically employed for particular projects or, more rarely
may work on contract as the resident choreographer for a specific
dance company. Joy Cancho, Geleen Eugenio, Leonides D. Arpon,
Gerald Casel, and Max Luna III Filipino
1. Folk Dance - it pertains to traditional dance
Example: Tinikling, Cariñosa,

2. Social Dance - it is a kind of dance that we perform in small

Example: Ballroom Dance, Cha Cha, Rumba, Waltz, and Sway

3. Modern Dance - based on the natural expressive movements by

which means the dancer expresses a wide range of emotions
Example: Solo, Group Dance, and Interpretative Dance

4. Ethnic Dance - used to perform their rituals

Example: Pagdiwata of the Tagbanwa of Palawan
5. Indian Dance - highly exaggerated facial expression and extensive
vocabulary of hand gestures

Example: Kathakali, Bhangra, and Punjab

6. Ballet - a stage entertainment which enacts a story of expresses a

dramatic idea through dance or theatrical story telling. It is a
combined with music, drama, poetry, song, costumes and dance.

Example: The Swan

7. Court Dance - a street dance.

Example: Panagbenga and Ati-atihan

8. Theatrical Dance - perform in order to convey drama or play.

Example: Opera, Myme, and Classical dance

The word "photography" comes from the Greek (phos) "light" +
(graphis) "stylus", "paintbrush" or (graphê) "representation by
means of lines" or "drawing", together meaning "drawing with
light." Traditionally, the products of photography have been called
negatives and photographs, commonly shortened to photos.

- It is the art or process of producing images through the use of a light
sensitive chemical or film.

- A photography is an actual likeness, that production of

which may not actually involve artists creativity. One only
has to press a button on a camera to produce this actual likeness.
Modes of production
An amateur photographer is one who practices photography as a
hobby and not for profit. The quality of some amateur work is
comparable or superior to that of many professionals and may be
highly specialized or eclectic in its choice of subjects. Amateur
photography is often pre-eminent in photographic subjects which
have little prospect of commercial use or reward.

Commercial photography is probably best defined
as any photography for which the photographer is paid
for images rather than works of art. In this light money
could be paid for the subject of the photograph or the
photograph itself. The commercial photographic
world could includes:
• Advertising photography: photographs made to illustrate and usually
sell a service or product. These images, such as pack shots, are
generally done with an advertising agency, design firm or with an
in-house corporate design team.

• Fashion and glamour photography: This type of photography usually

incorporates models. Fashion photography emphasizes the clothes or
product, glamour emphasizes the model. Glamour photography is
popular in advertising and in men's magazines. Models in glamour
photography may be nude, but this is not always the case.

• Crime Scene Photography: This type of photography

consists of photographing scenes of crime such as
robberies and murders. A black and white camera or an
infrared camera may be used to capture specific details.

• Still life photography: it depicts inanimate subject matter,

typically commonplace objects which may be either
natural or man-made.
• Food photography: it can be used for editorial, packaging or
advertising use. Food photography is similar to still life
photography, but requires some special skills.
• Editorial photography: photographs made to illustrate a story or idea
within the context of a magazine. These are usually assigned by the
• Photojournalism: this can be considered a subset of editorial
photography. Photographs made in this context are accepted as a
documentation of a news story.
• Portrait and wedding photography: photographs made and sold
directly to the end user of the images.
• Landscape photography: photographs of different locations.
• Wildlife photography: it demonstrates life of the animals.
• Photo sharing: publishing or transfer of a user's digital
photos online.
Steps in Photography

Choosing the subject- requires the wise judgment and artistic sense
of the photographer.

Mechanical one- a light sensitized film contained in a darken box is

exposed to the light from the object being photographed.

Chemical one- after the film has been exposed, it is treated with a
series of chemical solutions to develop the film and produce a
permanent negative. A photographic paint is produced from the
Example of Photographs :

Life photography by Kas Chan on Colours of life

may 26 2009
Journey Journey of life
by Ferne Merrylees
Derived from the Greek word “kineo” (to stir literally or
figuratively; to stir (transitively), literally or figuratively)

- It is a term that embraces many types of film or movies: cartoons,
newsreels, commercials, industrial film, educational films, social
documentaries, and even home movies.
- It is an act of presentation in lights made picture possible to appear
in a two dimensional surface
- It is combination of frames and lights
- It is a way of expressing ideas, attitudes, feelings, dreams,
and fantasies to an audience through series of lights and
It was the time of Shakespeare when drama became modern of
play. The play came from Shakespeare story. It was Thomas Edison
who made cinema possible through his invention called optic lights
which gives rise to motion pictures. We cannot imagine life without
cinema because through this we appreciate the past.

Elements of Cinema
1. Music - a movie is being remembered by its music and it is
usually came out during the climax of the story

2. Characters - those who act to portray the role of the story

that is being presented
3. Directors - the one who do and undo the film; regarded as the
captain of the ship

4. Script - the subject of the film. It is the story itself

5. Cinematography - anything you see in the screen it is the picture in

motion that you see in the cinema.

6. Camera shots - gives the definite point of view, the focus, the
angles, and the movement

7. Value - to make a man a better person, cultured, and refined

Different Kinds of Film
1. Action - a movie with a lot of exciting effects like car chases and
gun fights, involving stuntmen. They usually involve 'goodies'
and 'baddies', so war and crime are common subjects. Action
films usually need very little effort to watch, since the plot is
normally simple
Example: Die hard, Saving Private Ryan, Quantum of Solace,
Rambo, Isang Bala ka lang, Batas ng lansangan, and Anak ni
Baby Ama.
2. Comedy - are funny movies about people being silly or doing
unusual things that make the audience laugh.
Example: Bruce Almighty, Click, The Love Guru,
You Don't Mess with the Zohan, Pedro Penduko, and
Skul Bukol
3. Horror - films use fear to excite the audience. Music, lighting and
sets (man-made places in film studios where the film is made) are
all designed to add to the feeling.

Example: The Ring, The grudge, Shutter, Ouija Board, Halimaw

sa Banga, and Feng shui

4. Drama - are serious and often about people falling in love or

people who have to make a big decision in their life. They tell
stories about relationships between people. They usually follow a
basic plot where one or two main characters (each actor plays a
character) have to 'overcome' (get past) an obstacle (the thing
stopping them) to get what they want.

Example: A Walk to Remember, Hwang Jini, Mila,

Abakada Ina, and Bata Bata Pano ka ginawa?
5. Documentary - present a fact without bias judgment and comment.
Movies that are about real people and real events. They are nearly
always serious and may involve strongly emotional subjects.

Example: Batang Kalabaw, Nanay na si Nene,

6. Animated - movies use childish images like talking pigs to tell a

story. These films used to be drawn by hand, one frame at a time,
but are now made on computers.

Example: Babes, Cats and Dogs, Ice Age, Fantasia, Kung Fu

Panda, Bolt, Mulan, and Prinsesa Urduja

7. Fantasy - a movie of daydream or illusion

Example: Peter Pan, Harry Potter, Lord of the Rings,

Darna, Captain Barbel, and Lastikman
8. Thrillers/Suspense - are usually about a mystery, strange event, or
crime that needs to be solved. The audience is kept guessing until
the final minutes, when there are usually 'twists' in the plot
Example: Da Vinci code, Angels and Demons, Sigaw, and Patayin
sa Sindak si Barbara
9. Romance - are usually love stories about 2 people from different
worlds, who must overcome obstacles to be together. It is always
light-hearted, but may include some emotion.
Example: Titanic, Twilight, Slumdog Millionaire, One More
Chance, The Promise, and I Will Always Love You
10. Buddy - movies involve 2 heroes, one must save the other,
both must overcome obstacles. Buddy movies often
involve comedy, but there is also some emotion, because
of the close friendship between the 'buddies'.
Example: Shanghai Nights, Forbidden Kingdom, Shaolin Kid,
and Buddy and Sol
- These are institutions, academies and fellowships that are
handing out awards, citations and recognitions to outstanding
film achievements for a certain calendar year.

FAMAS - Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences

FAP - Film Academy of the Philippines
MMFF - Metro Manila Film Festival
Gawad Urian- Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino
Star Awards for Movies (Philippine Movie Press Club)
Catholic Mass Media Awards (Archdiocese of Manila)
Gawad Pasado (Film Desk Critics' Circle)
Golden Screen Awards (Entertainment Press Society)
UP Young Critics Circle Awards
Cinemalaya Independent Film Festival


Oscars Awards
Grammy Awards
Nickelodeons Kids Choice Awards
Golden Globe Awards
Emmy Awards
Acrylic - synthetic material made from acrylic acid
Art critics - people who are expert in a work of art
Artistic Merit - quality of the work of art that people can
attach to that work of art
Fresco - painting done in watercolor on a wall or ceiling
before the plaster is dry

Human Being - highest form of creation

Last song syndrome - mental motion that associated with
Literary Merit - it is actually applied to the general fiction
characteristics against law. It is not precise but it
depends on judgment of the people.

Pastel - crayon of powdered pigment bound with a gum

Tempera - method of painting using an emulsion, example
of pigment with egg yolk and water