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Traditional Techniques to

Contemporary art Creations


Discovering and Exploring
There are places in the Philippines which
are famous because of the extraordinary
or unusual but special products that they
produce.
These products become the instruments in
spreading the news about this places.
These people use traditional techniques in
creating one particular art or maybe which
make famous and draw people to these
places.
Traditional techniques used by the
Filipinos even from the past years are
depicted in our painting, sculpture, dance,
architecture, music, and even textile.
It only proves that Filipinos like any other
people in the world can be very proud of
our Philippine arts.
Painting and Pottery
Early Filipinos painting can be in red chip
(clay mixed with water) designs
embellished on the ritual pottery of the
Philippines such as the acclaimed
“Manunggul Jar” which is an example of a
burial jar.
Philippine pottery has been a long
tradition, and evidence of this pottery-
making has been found in Sanga-Sanga,
Sulu and Laurente Cave in Cagayan.
Pottery began the making of earthenware
articles for domestic use such as a
cooking vessel and storage container.
Incised designs also appeared in the pots
in Masbate. Among the finest of early
Philippine pottery designs are footed
dishes that were decorated with geometric
cut-outs, molding, cording or finger
impressions, most of these were made in
Batangas.
At this ship, (a mixture of clay and water)
rather than glazes is still used by Filipino
Potters to seal the pottery, and the pottery
is open-fried.
Pottery traditions continued to develop in
certain locals, such as Burnay Unglazed
Clay pottery of Vigan.
The pottery traditions of Burnay is among
the pottery traditions that have been
maintained, along with those of Leyte and
Bohol. Further evidence of painting is
manifested in the tattoo tradition of early
Filipinos who are now referred to as the
Pintados or the “Painted People” of
Visayas.
Some of the most elaborate painting done
by early Filipinos that survive to the
present are manifested among the arts
and architecture of the Maranao, who are
well-known for the ‘Naga Dragons” and the
“Sarimanok Craved” and painted in the
beautiful Panolong of their Torongans or
King’s house.
Among the early modernist painters such
as Damian Domingo, Juan Luna, Felix
Hidalgo, and others.
A certain Elito Circa stood out; He is
popularly known as “Amang Pintor”, who
gained recognition by using his hair to
make his paint brushes and reigns his
painting with his blood on the right side
corner.
Indigenous Art
The Itneg people are known for their
intricate woven fabrics.
The “Binakol”, which features designs that
incorporate optical illusions woven fabrics
of the “Gadang” people usually bright red
tones.
Their weaving can also be identified by
beaded ornamentation.
Other people such as the Ilongot make
jewelry from pearl, red hornbill beak,
plants and metals.
Some indigenous materials are also used
as a medium in different kinds of artworks
especially in a painting by Elito Circa.
A folk artist of Pantabangan and a pioneer
for using indigenous materials, natural raw
materials including human blood.
Many Filipino painters were influenced by
this and started using these materials such
as an extract from onion, tomato, tuba,
coffee, molasses and other materials
available anywhere.
The lumad people of Mindanao such as
the “B’Lan”, “Mandaga”, “Mansaka”, and
“T’Boli” are skilled in the art of dying abaca
fiber.
Abaca is a plant closely related to
bananas and its leaves are used to make
fiber known as “Manila Hemp”.
The Fiber is dyed by method called “Ikat”.
“Ikat” fibers are woven into cloth with
geometric patterns depicting human,
animal, and plant leaves.
Sarimanok
This is the most well-known design. The
figure represents a fowl wings, feathered
tail and a head decorated with ornaments
of scrolled and painted motif of leaves,
spirals and feather-like forms.
It usually stands on a fish, and another
one hangs from its beak.
The wooden figure usually perched atop a
bamboo pole, stands among decorative
flags during weddings and other festive
occasions.
Hagabi
Another one is “Hagabi”, a wooden chair of
Igufao, which symbolizes his status as a
citizen in their community.
It depicts the wealth and power of the own
who is called “Kadanagyan”, or a person who
Who belongs to the higher status in their
society.
Only the rich can afford to own it together
with a ritual after the completion of their
chair.

This chair id made of Narra or Ipil Ipil, and


the original design is called “Ginulding-
Gulding”, meaning like a goat-like head.
At present Hagabi may have a different
shapes one end which is called “Ngiwi”, is
like the head of an animal with an
elongated nose and two big ears.
This kind of art has two main
Islamic artistic style. One is carved-
arts line.
Woodcarving and metal
working called “Okir”, similar to
the Middle Eastern Islamic art.
This style is associated with
men.
• The other style is geometric
tapestries and is associated
with women.
The Tausug and Sama-Bajau exhibit their
own “Okir” on elaborate markings with a
boat like imaging.
An okir design, the scroll is the dominant
feature in the men’s work composed of
various spiral forms.
In contrasts, the zigzag, and angular forms
are the dominating motifs in women’s
geometric art “Okir-a-Bay” (ladies design).
The most popular of the “Malong”, style is
the land cap which is either dominantly red,
yellow, green, blue or violet.
Red is the favorite color along with yellow;
these colors stands for royalty or
aristocracy.

Often, men wear the red lamp cap and the


women, the yellow.
The ‘Bagobo” are proud people with proto
Malayan features.

They have ornate traditions in weaponry


and other metal arts.
They are noted for their skills in producing
brass articles through the ancient lost-wax
process.
These people weave abaca cloths of earth
tones and make baskets that are trimmed
with beads, fibers and horse’s hair;
weapons made by Muslim Filipinos such
as “Kampilan”, are skillfully carved.
Kut-Kut Art
This is a technique combine Oriental and
European art process.
Very few known art pieces exist today.
The techniques were practiced by the
indigenous people of Samar.
Kut-kut is an exotic Philippine art form
based on early century techniques
“Sgraffito”.
Encaustic and layering. The merging of
this ancient styles produces a unique
artwork characterized by delicate swirling
interweaved lines, multi-layered texture
and a dimensional space.