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Social, Political and

Cultural Behavior and

Every society has its own norms to follow.
These norms set as guides or behaviour
which tells us what is proper or improper,
appropriate or inappropriate, right or wrong.
They set limits within which individuals may
seek alternative ways to achieve their goals.
Norms are in the set of rule, standards or
prescription that are strictly followed by people
who adhere on certain conventions and
perform specific roles. Often, norms indicate a
society's standards of proprity, morality, ethics
and legality.
Norm Decency andConventionality
Norms of appropriateness or decency is
commonly exhibited on the type of clothing a
person wears in a specific occasion. This norm
also includes the manners and behavior that
show a person's refinement and civility (for
instance, how to treat guests cordially.)
Norm of Conventionality are beliefs and practices
that are acceptable to certain cultures but can be
inimical to other cultures. For example, Bagobo
inhabitants of Davao bury their dead within their
neighborhood and the T'boli of South Cotabato
hangs corpses of dead infants on trees. While
traditional burial practices like these preserve
indigenous culture, they are not approved by other
societies, especially lowland communities that value
sanitation and fear the spread of virulent disease.
Moreover, respect for one's religious belief are given
paramount considerations, especially those beliefs that
deal with dietary restrictions. As such, Muslim believers
ate prohibited to eat pork; Hindus are not allowed to eat

Individuals or groups can shape the norms and values of

their society through the concrete application of their
beliefs, norms, and values in their everyday lives.
Conformity and Deviance

Every society influence of other people thus, growing up

in society entails the internalization of norms the
unconscious process of including conformity to the norm
of one’s culture and as part of one’s personality, so that
an individual often follows social expectations
automatically and without question. Conformity,
therefore, is defined as the state of having internalized
norms as part of the social expectation.
An individuals and groups conform to an established norms, the
norm then becomes a convention. Conventional norms exert more
sanctions in society as it is tantamount to public approval and
Despite the tendency of social control to enforce conformity as a
potent mechanism in the socialization process, there are forms of
behavior that are relatively or distinctly set away form a norm. This
from of behavior can be referred to as deviant behavior or
nonconformity. Deviant and nonconformist behavioral patterns can
be tolerated, approved or disapproved depending on societal views.
Deviance is divided into to types: formal and
informal. Formal deviance includes actions that
violate enacted laws, such as robbery, theft, graft,
rape and other forms of criminality. Informal
deviance rafers to valiolation to social norms that
are not codified into law, such as pricking one’s
nose, belching loudly, and spitting on the stree,
among others.

Taboos related to food are also manifestations of

deviancy. Thought these practices may be a case to
case basis since what one society views as deviant
may be seen by other societies as normative,
traditional, or desirable. In the same way cultural
food and food habits vary; Cultural or religious food
prohibition also differ to some extent (Meyer-Rocher
Hindus prohibited to eat beef since cows are considered
sacred in India. Muslims and jews abstain from eating pork,
as pigs are considered “unclean”. These types of meet,
however, are widely consumed by members of others cultures
and religions. Drinking alcoholic beverages are not allowed in
many religious faith and sectarian denominations. For
instance, blood and alcohol are taboo for Muslims.
Other food taboos are more cultural than religious.
Among western countries, for instance, the
consumption of a dog or cat meat is viewed as
deviant since these animals are commonly kept as
pets. This is a practice that is directly opposite to
some subgroups in Africa and Asia who widely
utilize these animals as food or food offerings
during rituals.
These behaviors, regardless to conform or
deviate from the traditional norms of society may
contribute to the changes in various aspects of
Report of:
Anjeline DelaCruz
Cinderella Ignacio