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Jul y

3rd
Individual Differences In
2019 L2 Acquisition
Ahmad Dani Al Fanani Nur Hidayatul laily

Rod Ellis, Second Language Aquisition, Oxford University Press : Oxford


Individual Differences
SLA acknowladges that there are individual differences in L2 acquisition

Rod Ellis, Second Language Aquisition, Oxford University Press : Oxford


Factors

Language Motivation Learning


Aptitude Strategies

Rod Ellis, Second Language Aquisition, Oxford University Press : Oxford


Language Aptitude
Jhon Carroll identifies a number of components of language aptitude, these
are:

 Phonemic Coding Ability , the ability to identify the sounds of a foreign


language.

 Grammatical Sensitivity, the ability to recognize the grammatical function


of words in sentences.
Rod Ellis, Second Language Aquisition, Oxford University Press : Oxford
Language Aptitude
 Inductive Language Learning Ability, the ability to identify the patterns of
correspondence and relations between form and meaning.

 Rote Learning Ability, the ability to remember, this believe to be


important in vocabulary learning.

Rod Ellis, Second Language Aquisition, Oxford University Press : Oxford


Motivation
There are various kinds of motivation, those are:

 Instrumental Motivation, learner may make effort to learn L2 because of


some functional reason.

 Integrative Motivation, learners may choose to learn a particular L2


because they are interested in the people and culture of the target
language group.
Rod Ellis, Second Language Aquisition, Oxford University Press : Oxford
Motivation
 Resultative motivation is the motivation which is resulted from learning.
Learners who experience success in learning may become more
motivated to learn.

 Instrisic motivation is the motivation that stems from inside the learners
themselves. The learner wishes to learn L2 for personal growth.

Rod Ellis, Second Language Aquisition, Oxford University Press : Oxford


Learning Strategies
Different Kinds of Learning Strategies

 Cognitive strategies are those that are involved in the analysis, synthesis, or
transformation of learning materials.

 Metacognitive Strategies are those involved in planning, monitoring, and


evaluating learning.

Rod Ellis, Second Language Aquisition, Oxford University Press : Oxford


Learning Strategies

 Social/effective Strategies concern the ways in which learners choose to


interact with other speakers.

Rod Ellis, Second Language Aquisition, Oxford University Press : Oxford


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