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Group B 5
@ Anju Anna Kurian
@ Dilip.N
@ Kiran Joy
@ Nimmy Mathew
@ Ullas Udayakumar
@ =he Constitution of India is the supreme law
of India.

@ It came into existence on January 26, 1950.

@ It is the longest written constitution of any


sovereign country in the world, containing 444
articles , 12 schedules , 22 parts and 94
amendments .
vistory
@ =he concept of Directive Principles of State Policy
was borrowed from the Irish Constitution.
@ =he makers of the Constitution of India were
influenced by the Irish nationalist movement.
@ =he principles have been inspired by the
Directive Principles given in the Constitution of
Ireland and also by the principles of Gandhism ;
and relate to social justice, economic welfare,
foreign policy, and legal and administrative
matters.
Definition
@ =he Directive Principles of State Policy are
guidelines to the central and state governments
of India, to be kept in mind while framing laws
and policies. =hese provisions, contained in Part
IV of the Constitution of India, are not
enforceable by any court, but the principles laid
down therein are considered fundamental in the
governance of the country, making it the duty of
the State to apply these principles in making laws
to establish a just society in the country.
Characteristics
@ DPSPs aim to-
@ create social and economic conditions under which the
citizens can lead a good life.
@ establish social and economic democracy through a
welfare state.
@ =hey act as a, yardstick in the hands of the people to
measure the performance of the government.
@ =he Directive Principles are non-justiciable rights of the
people.
@ =he Directive Principles, though not justiciable, are
fundamental in the governance of the country.
DIREC=IVES

@ Article 36:-
@ Definition of state:
@ ͞ =he State͛͛ includes the Government and
Parliament of India and the Government and the
Legislature of each of the States and all local or
other authorities within the territory of India or
under the control of the Government of India
@ Article 37:-
@ Application of the principles
@ Article 38:-
@ ͻ State to secure a social order for the
promotion of welfare of the people.
@ Article 39:-
@ ͻ Certain principles of policy to be followed by
the State.
@ -equal rights to men and women.
@ -ownership of resources.
@ -equal pay for equal work.
@ -protection of children͙͙͙..
@ Article 39 A:-
@ ͻ Equal justice and free legal aid.
@ - to citizens having economic or other
disabilities.
@ Article 40:-
@ ͻ Organisation of village panchayats.
@ Article 41:
@ ͻ Right-to work, to education and to public
assistance in certain cases.
@ Article 42:-
@ ͻ Provision for just and humane conditions of
work and maternity relief .
@ Article 43:-
@ ͻ Living wage, good working conditions etc. ,
for workers .
@ Article 43 A:-
@ ͻ Participation of workers in management of
industries.
ß Article 44:-
ß ͻ Uniform civil code for the citizens.

ß Article 45:-
ß ͻ Provision for free and compulsory education for
children.

ß Article 46:-
ß ͻ Promotion of educational and economic
interests of Scheduled castes , Scheduled =ribes
and other weaker sections.
@ Article 47:-
@ ͻ Duty of the State to raise the level of
nutrition and the standard of living and to
improve public health .
@ Article 48:-
@ ͻ Organisation of agriculture and animal
husbandry.
@ Article 48 A:-
@ ͻ Protection and improvement of
environment and safeguarding of forests and
wildlife.
ß Article 49:-
ß ͻ Protect ion of monuments and places and
objects of national importance .

ß Article 50:-
ß ͻ Separation of judiciary from executive.

ß Article 51:-
ß ͻ Promotion of international peace and security.
ß -just and honorable relations.
ß -encourage settlement of international
disputes by arbitration.
Amendments to DPSPs
@ Major amendments
@ Article 31-C , inserted into the Directive Principles
of State Policy by the 25th Amendment Act of
1971 seeks to upgrade the DPSPs.
@ Article 48-A , which ensures Protection and
improvement of environment and safeguarding
of forests and wild life, was added by the 42nd
Amendment Act, 1976.
@ Article 45 , which ensures Provision for free and
compulsory education for children , was added by
the 86th Amendment Act, 2002 .
DPSPs are-

@ non-justiciable rights of the people.


@ guidelines to the central and state govts of
India.
@ not enforceable by any court.
@ considered fundamental in the governance of
the country.
@ It the duty of the State to apply these
principles in making laws to establish a just
society in the country.
@ In fact, it is the duty of the State to be kept in
mind of DPSPs, while framing laws and
policies to establish a just society in the
country.
=vANK YOU