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ENHANCEMENT OF COMMUNICATION

PROTOCOLS FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE


IoT NETWORK

Guided by: Co-Guided by:


Dr. D.V. Gupta Dr. Radhakrishna Naik

Presented by:
Ena Jain

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• State Goals and Define the
1 System

• List Services and Outcomes


2

• Select Metrics
3

• List Parameters
4

• Select Factors to Study


5

• Select Evaluation Technique


6
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• Select Workload
7

• Design Experiments
8

• Analyze and Interpret Data


9

• Present Results
10

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Introduction
• The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of
physical objects—devices, vehicles, buildings
and other items embedded with electronics,
software, sensors, and network connectivity—
that enables these objects to collect and
exchange data.

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Motivation
• The Internet of Things (IoT), sometimes
referred to as the Internet of Objects, will
change everything—including ourselves.
• Today this may seems like a bold statement,
but consider the impact the Internet already
has had on education, communication,
business, science, government, and humanity.

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IOT Architecture

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Some of the IoT models developed by
researchers
• European FP7 Research Project
• ITU Architecture
• IoT Forum Architecture
• Qian Xiaocong Zhang Jidong Architecture
• Kun Han Shurong Liu Dacheng Zhang and Ying
Han’s (2012)’s Architecture

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Commonly used Protocols

• Device management protocols for managing


end-point devices and IoT gateways (examples
are OMA-DM, TR-069 and LWM2M).
• Application level data transport (examples are
http, webSockets, CoAP, 6LoWPAN, MQTT,
XMPP-IoT extensions).
• Link encryption (TLS and DTLS).

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Challenges
• Low delay and low delay jitter
• Maximum throughput
• Adaptability to dynamically changing network load and traffic
conditions
• Ability to integrate real-time and non-real-time services
• High effective bandwidth utilization
• High call acceptance rate, low call setup time, and low cost
paths for channels
• Scalability with increasing network size
• Efficient packet processing and buffer management

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Objective
Develop the new Protocol for real time communication
in IoT which includes :
• Increase throughput.
• Ability to improve real and non-real time
communication.
• High effective bandwidth utilization.
• Effective packet storing and buffer management.

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Identification of performance Metrics
The performance of a protocol is measured by
following parameters:
• Throughput
• Queuing delay
• Waiting time
• Bandwidth utilization

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Identification of Parameters
System parameters include:
• Throughput
• Queuing delay
• Waiting time
• Bandwidth utilization

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Select Factors to Study
• Increase throughput.
• Ability to improve real and non-real time
communication.
• High effective bandwidth utilization.
• Effective packet storing and buffer management.

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Identification of Evaluation Technique
Proposed protocol can be evaluated by following
techniques:
• Analytical modeling : Markov model .
• Simulation : NS2, NS3,writing program.
• Experimental- Actual prototype of IoT structure will
be setup and actual measure can be done.

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Select Workload
Workload consist of data collected from the sensors:

• Periodic and Non- periodic.


• Soft real time and hard real time.

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Design Experiments
• Simple method

• Factorial method

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Analyze and Interpret Data
• The statistical techniques are used to compare
the results.

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Plan of Research
Literature Parameter Mathematical Simulation Prototype Experimentation Results
Survey Metric factor modeling

6 month 6 month 6 month 6 month 6 month 6 month 6 month

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Conclusion

• A technically viable communication architecture able


to support the stringent energy and connectivity
needs of the emerging IoT.
• IoT represents the next evolution of the Internet.

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References
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