Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 20




Guided by: Co-Guided by:

Dr. D.V. Gupta Dr. Radhakrishna Naik

Presented by:
Ena Jain

2/25/2017 1
• State Goals and Define the
1 System

• List Services and Outcomes


• Select Metrics

• List Parameters

• Select Factors to Study


• Select Evaluation Technique

2/25/2017 2
• Select Workload

• Design Experiments

• Analyze and Interpret Data


• Present Results

2/25/2017 3
• The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of
physical objects—devices, vehicles, buildings
and other items embedded with electronics,
software, sensors, and network connectivity—
that enables these objects to collect and
exchange data.

2/25/2017 4
• The Internet of Things (IoT), sometimes
referred to as the Internet of Objects, will
change everything—including ourselves.
• Today this may seems like a bold statement,
but consider the impact the Internet already
has had on education, communication,
business, science, government, and humanity.

2/25/2017 5
IOT Architecture

2/25/2017 6
Some of the IoT models developed by
• European FP7 Research Project
• ITU Architecture
• IoT Forum Architecture
• Qian Xiaocong Zhang Jidong Architecture
• Kun Han Shurong Liu Dacheng Zhang and Ying
Han’s (2012)’s Architecture

2/25/2017 7
Commonly used Protocols

• Device management protocols for managing

end-point devices and IoT gateways (examples
are OMA-DM, TR-069 and LWM2M).
• Application level data transport (examples are
http, webSockets, CoAP, 6LoWPAN, MQTT,
XMPP-IoT extensions).
• Link encryption (TLS and DTLS).

2/25/2017 8
• Low delay and low delay jitter
• Maximum throughput
• Adaptability to dynamically changing network load and traffic
• Ability to integrate real-time and non-real-time services
• High effective bandwidth utilization
• High call acceptance rate, low call setup time, and low cost
paths for channels
• Scalability with increasing network size
• Efficient packet processing and buffer management

2/25/2017 9
Develop the new Protocol for real time communication
in IoT which includes :
• Increase throughput.
• Ability to improve real and non-real time
• High effective bandwidth utilization.
• Effective packet storing and buffer management.

2/25/2017 10
Identification of performance Metrics
The performance of a protocol is measured by
following parameters:
• Throughput
• Queuing delay
• Waiting time
• Bandwidth utilization

2/25/2017 11
Identification of Parameters
System parameters include:
• Throughput
• Queuing delay
• Waiting time
• Bandwidth utilization

2/25/2017 12
Select Factors to Study
• Increase throughput.
• Ability to improve real and non-real time
• High effective bandwidth utilization.
• Effective packet storing and buffer management.

2/25/2017 13
Identification of Evaluation Technique
Proposed protocol can be evaluated by following
• Analytical modeling : Markov model .
• Simulation : NS2, NS3,writing program.
• Experimental- Actual prototype of IoT structure will
be setup and actual measure can be done.

2/25/2017 14
Select Workload
Workload consist of data collected from the sensors:

• Periodic and Non- periodic.

• Soft real time and hard real time.

2/25/2017 15
Design Experiments
• Simple method

• Factorial method

2/25/2017 16
Analyze and Interpret Data
• The statistical techniques are used to compare
the results.

2/25/2017 17
Plan of Research
Literature Parameter Mathematical Simulation Prototype Experimentation Results
Survey Metric factor modeling

6 month 6 month 6 month 6 month 6 month 6 month 6 month

2/25/2017 18

• A technically viable communication architecture able

to support the stringent energy and connectivity
needs of the emerging IoT.
• IoT represents the next evolution of the Internet.

2/25/2017 19
1) Paulo Bartolomeu , Muhammad Alam , Joaquim Ferreira , Jose Fonseca , “Survey on low power real-time wireless MAC protocols,” Journal of Network and
Computer Applications”, 75(2016)293–316.
2) Jingjing Yan, Mengchu Zhou, Zhijun Ding, “Recent Advances in Energy-Efficient Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Review”, IEEE (2016) Vol.4 pg.
2169-3536 .
3) Sajjad Hussain Shah and Ilyas Yaqoob, “A Survey: Internet of Things Technologies, Applications and Challenges”, IEEE (2016) .
4) Stefan Mijovic, Erion Shehu and Chiara Buratti ,” Comaipring Application Layer Protocols for the IoT via Experimentation”, IEEE(2016).
5) Somayya Madakam, “ Internet of Things: Smart Things”, International Journal of Future Computer and Communication, Vol. 4, No.4, August 2015.
6) M.Somayya, R. Ramaswamy, T. Siddharth, “Somayya Madakam, R. Ramaswamy, Siddharth Tripathi”, Journal of Computer and Communications, 2015, 3, 164-173.
7) John A. Stankovic “ Research Directions for the Internet of Things”, IEEE (2014).
8) A. Zanella, N. Bui, A. Castellani, L. Vangelista, and M. Zorzi, “Internet of Things for Smart Cities,” IEEE Internet of Things Journal, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 22–32, Feb 2014.
9) Jayavardhana, G., Rajkumar, B., Marusic, S. and Palaniswami, M. (2013) Internet of Things: A Vision, Architectural Elements, and Future Directions. Future
10) L. Hernandez-Ramos, A. J. Jara, L. Marın, and A. F. Skarmeta, “Distributed Capability-based Access Control for the Internet of Things,” Journal of Internet Services
and Information Security (JISIS), vol. 3, no. 3/4, November 2013.
11) Maria Rita Palattella, Nicola Accettura, Xavier Vilajosana, Thomas Watteyne, , Luigi Alfredo Grieco, Gennaro Boggia, , and Mischa Dohler, “Standardized Protocol
Stack for the Internet of (Important) Things”, IEEE Communications surveys & tutorials, accepted for publication, 1553-877X/12/ 2012 IEEE.
12) Daniele Miorandi, Sabrina Sicari , Francesco De Pellegrini, Imrich Chlamtac, “ Internet of things: Vision, applications and research challenges”, Elsevier Ad Hoc
Networks 10 (2012) 1497–1516.
13) Aggarwal, R. and Lal Das, M. (2012) RFID Security in the Context of “Internet of Things”. First International Conference on Security of Internet of Things, Kerala, 17-
19 August 2012, 51-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2490428.2490435.
14) Gigli, M. and Koo, S. (2011) Internet of Things, Services and Applications Categorization. Advances in Internet of Things, 1, 27-31.
15) Dave Evans, “The Internet of Things How the Next Evolution of the Internet Is Changing Everything”, Cisco IBSG © 2011 Cisco.
16) L. Atzori, A. Iera, and G. Morabito, “The Internet of Things: A survey,” Computer Networks, vol. 54, no. 15, pp. 2787–2805, 2010.
17) Lombreglia, R. (2010) The Internet of Things, Boston Globe. Retrieved October.
18) Biddlecombe, E. (2009) UN Predicts “Internet of Things”. Retrieved July 6
19) Chapman and Hall, “ Handbook of Real- Time and Embedded System”, Taylor & Francis Group 2008.
20) Fayez Gebali, “ Analysis of Computer and Communication Networks”, Springer, 2008.
21) Gershenfeld, N., Krikorian, R. and Cohen, D. (2004) The Internet of Things. Scientific American, 291, 76-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican1004-76.
22) Reinhardt, A. (2004) A Machine-to-Machine Internet of Things.
23) C. M. Krishna and K. G. Shin , “Real-Time Systems”, McGraw-Hill, 1997 ISBN 0-07-057043-4.
24) Raj Jain’s “The Art of Computer Systems Performance Analysis”, Wiley & Sons, 1991.
25) Dinesh C. Verma, Hui Zhang, Domenico Ferrari, “Delay Jitter Control for Real-Time Communication in a Packet Switching Network”, In Proceedings of Tri Comm ’91.
26) www.4gamericas.org/.../4G_Americas_Cellular_Technologies.
27) http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/internet-of-things/overview.html.
28) http://www.techbeamers.com/internet-of-things-application/.
29) 2/25/2017 “MQTT, the lightweight publish/subscribe messaging transport protocol,” http://mqtt.org/. 20
30) “The Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP),” https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7252 ..