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K.

Soundarajan
SRM University
 Airports are amazing "mini-cities," providing services to all sorts of people and companies.
 Air travelers, airlines, private pilots and freight carriers all use airports in completely different
ways.
 To meet passengers' needs, an airport must be accessible by roadways and public
transportation, plus have plenty of parking
 have areas for ticketing, check-in and baggage handling
 keep the passengers safe
 offer food and other services
 maintain areas for the customs service

Airports have other customers to take care of, too.


• Airlines need space for airplane, facilities for routine maintenance, jet fuel and places for
passengers and flight crews while on the ground.
 Air-freight companies need space for loading and unloading cargo airplanes.
 Pilots and other crew members need runways, aircraft fuel, air-traffic information, facilities for
aircraft storage and maintenance and places to relax while on the ground.
 Architect :Foster and Partners
 Operator : Civil Aviation Administration of China.
 Location : chaoyang district, Beijing
 Total Area : 4,700 Hectares
 Terminal area : T3 - 986,000 m²
 Elevation : 35M(AMSL)
 Coordinates : 40°04′48″N 116°35′04″E
 Handling capacity : 75 million passengers
 Aerobridges : 66
 Gates : 120
 Runway : 3 (3800m in length)
 Car Parking : 7000

 The Terminal 3 building of Beijing International airport was designed by Foster + Partners,
turned out to be a very efficient building in terms of in terms of operational efficiency,
passenger comfort, sustainability and access to natural light.
As an interpretation of traditional chinese culture the roof of
the airport has a dragon-like form. According to Norman
Foster this is a building borne of its context. It
communicates a uniquely Chinese sense of place and will
be a true gateway to the nation. This is expressed in its
dragon-like form and the drama of the soaring roof that is a
blaze of ‘traditional’ Chinese colours – imperial reds merge
into golden yellows. As you proceed along the central axis,
view of the red columns stretching ahead into the far
distance evokes images of a Chinese temple.
The Beijing Capitol International Airport
is one of the largest and busiest travel hubs in Asia.
The Beijing Airport lies 28 kilometers, northeast of the
city of Beijing & it is connected to the city via following:
Car
The airport is accessible by four express
tollways. Two of these run directly from
northeastern Beijing to the airport. The other two
connect to the airport from nearby highways.

Airport Express Rail


Beijing Capital International Airport is
served by the Airport express rail of the Beijing
subway.. A one-way trip takes approximately 16–20
minutes.

The entrance to the terminal reaches out into the


surrounding landscape, as if to invite passengers
arriving via the road and rail links into the building.
The entrance canopy is a key architectural
statement of Foster’s design with a width of35M
and a length of 800M.
The building is comprised of three connected, light-filled volumes – T3A, B and C – the simple,
symmetrical diagram fans out at either end to accommodate the arrivals and departure halls for T3A
and T3B . The satellite T3C occupies the centre of the diagram. This arrangement is an efficient
means of maximizing the perimeter, so increasing the capacity for aircraft stands, while maintaining
a highly compact and sustainable footprint
 The entrance to the building is designed with feng sui principles which is inviting and gives a sense of
calmness.
 Although Terminal 3 is conceived on an unprecedented scale, the building’s design aims to resolve the
complexities of modern air travel, combining spatial clarity with high service standards.
 It is friendly and uplifting for the passenger as well as easy to navigate.
 It comprises of three connected volumes – T3A, B and C.
 T3A contains the processing facilities , arrivals and departure halls for domestic gates
 T3B accommodates arrivals and departure halls for international gates.
 The satellite T3C accommodates arrivals and departure halls for domestic gates.
 The building is almost 1km at its widest point and 3 km on the length
 The terminal has 120 gates with 66 jetways and remote parking bays.
The single unifying roof canopy is perforated with skylights to aid
orientation and bring daylight deep into the building. The colour
palette moves through 16 tones from red at the entrance at T3A
through to orange and finally yellow at the far end of T3B. This
establishes a subtle zoning system that breaks down the scale of
the building and enables easy way finding. This palette is also
applied north to south in the ceiling above the arrivals and
departures halls, heightening the sense of curvature in the roof
plane.
Interiors

 The interior design was shaped by human and


cultural factors.

 The space is mainly lit through the skylights in the


roof.

 It has 72 food stores and landscaped waiting


areas. It features about 45,200m² commercial space,
10,600m² duty-free-store area, 12,600m² of retail and
7,000m² service areas.

 The terminal has 11 check-in stations with 314


check-in counters.

Automated people movers / shuttles

 The terminal has 243 automated people movers,


escalators and elevators.

 A shuttle train connects the terminals 3A, 3C and


the airport centre which travels at up to 80kph, with a
journey time of just two minutes.

 The APM is easily accessed from the main


departure level and set within a landscaped ‘green’
cutting, exposed to daylight and views up and through
the building, all of which helps to maintain a sense of
orientation.
 The building has two levels below and five levels above the ground.

 The lower most level is mostly used for baggage handling system which need extra 5M than the conventional
baggage system

 Departures and arrivals are on separate levels.

 The traditional airport diagram has been inverted at T3B, with arrivals on the upper level, to allow visitors to
experience the thrill of this dramatic space from the best vantage point.
Sustainability
 Terminal 3 building incorporates several sustainable features and is one of
the most eco-friendly buildings in the world.

 The roof of the building is fitted with energy-efficient lights.

 They are designed to capture thermal energy to warm the building in


winter and decrease energy consumption for cooling during the summer.

 An integrated environmental control system, water systems, south-east


orientated skylights and other passive systems will reduce the overall
environmental impact, energy consumption and carbon emissions.
Baggage System
 A sophisticated baggage hand long conveyor system is installed by Jervis B. Webb Company.

 It is designed to handle nearly 19,200 pieces of luggage per hour.

 The luggage system is equipped with yellow carts, each of which has a code, matching the bar code on
every piece of luggage loaded on it, allowing easy and accurate tracking.

 After luggage is checked in at any one of the 292 counters at Terminal 3A, they can be transferred at the
speed of ten metres per second.

 Even for international routes, luggage can travel from T3A to T3C in five minutes.

 Arriving passengers should be able to begin retrieving their luggage within 4.5 minutes after airplanes are
unloaded.

 Along with X-ray scanners, additional equipment conducts checks such as for explosives.

 Passengers will be able to check in their luggage at the airport several hours or even a day before their
flight.

 The airport will store them in its luggage system and then load them on the correct airplane.