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WHAT IS

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?
Artificial intelligence (AI) is
an area of computer
science that emphasizes the
creation of intelligent
machines that work and
react like humans.

E.g. : Face Recognition


Process automation
Voice to text features
WHAT IS MACHINE LEARNING?

A Subset of AI that includes


abstruse statistical techniques
that enable machines to
improve at tasks with
experience .

Example:
• Image processing
• Medical diagnosis
• Regression
HISTORY OF AI
• In 1950 English mathematician Alan
Turing wrote a landmark paper
titled “Computing Machinery and
Intelligence” that asked the
question: “Can machines think?”

• Further work came out of a 1956


workshop at Dartmouth sponsored
by John McCarthy. In the proposal
for that workshop he coined the
phrase “ A study of Artificial
Intelligence”
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AI AND ML
AI ML
AI stands for Artificial intelligence, where intelligence is ML stands for Machine Learning which is defined as
defined acquisition of knowledge intelligence is defined as a the acquisition of knowledge or skill
ability to acquire and apply knowledge.
The aim is to increase chance of success and not The aim is to increase accuracy, but it does not care
accuracy. about success
It work as a computer program that does smart work It is a simple concept machine takes data and learn
from data.
The goal is to simulate natural intelligence to solve The goal is to learn from data on certain task to
complex problem maximize the performance of machine on this task.
AI is decision making. ML allows system to learn new things from data.
It leads to develop a system to mimic human to It involves in creating self learning algorithms.
respond behave in a circumstances.
AI will go for finding the optimal solution. ML will go for only solution for that whether it is
optimal or not.
AI leads to intelligence or wisdom. ML leads to knowledge.
‘AI and Humans’
How’s AI with conversations?
What if AI could
measure conversations??
How to use AI
for data analysis?
Which tools we can use?
These are the TOOLS
and not MAGIC!
CURRENT STATUS OF
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
• ROBOTS HAVE BECAME VERY COMMON IN
MANY INDUSTRIES
• ONE OF ITS EXAMPLE IS VOLKSWAGON

• SOLVING VARIETY OF PROBLEMS OF


PATIENTS, HOSPITALS & HEALTHCARE
INDUSTRY OVERALL
• USING AVATARS IN PLACE OF PATIENTS.
LETS LOOK UPON
A PERFECT EXAMPLE OF AI

A HOTEL IN JAPAN
WHICH IS USING
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
“HENN-NA HOTEL, TOKYO(JAPAN)”
SOPHIA – A SOCIAL HUMANOID ROBOT

SOPHIA WAS ACTIVATED ON FEB 14 2016


SHE IS KNOWN FOR HER HUMAN-LIKE
APPEARANCE AND BEHAVIOUR, SOPHIA USES
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE – SOPHIA USES VOICE
RECONGNITION TECHNOLOGY FROM ALPHABET
INC ….

THE AI PROGRAM ANALYSES CONVERSATIONS


AND EXTRACTS DATA THAT ALLOWS IT TO
IMPROVE RESPONSES IN THE FUTURE
ADVANTAGES
• Can be used to explore locations and areas in which humans
cannot go to explore
• It can be used in time consuming tasks efficiently
• The chances of error are almost nil

DISADVANTAGES
• High cost
• AI may be programmed to do something devastating
• No improvement with experience
INDIA
FUTURE SCOPE OF
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
IS AI NEXT HUMAN EVOLUTION?
NATIONAL INSTITUTION FOR TRANSFORMING INDIA

Formed on 1ST Janurary,2015 Its initiatives include:


• "15 year road map", "7-year
Established with the aim to achieve vision, strategy and action plan“
Sustainable Development Goals • Digital India
• Medical Education Reform
• Agriculture reforms
NITI AAYOG came up with a National Strategy for
Artificial Intelligence in India

Stat-ups witness 108% growth in funding in India in 2018.

More than 400 Start-ups are working on AI & ML sectors.

More than $150 million dollars are invested in AI sector


Only by private sector players alone and numbers are
Still growing since 2016.

E-Commerce, healthcare, education, finance are main


sectors companies have been working on with AI.
October, 2018
The Economics Times
FUTURE OF
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
The job market experts have predicted that AI
technology has the potentials to create around 2.3
million jobs by the time we land in the year 2021.
QUESTION ARISES HERE!!!
HOW WILL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
IMPROVE OR INCREASE
JOB OPPORTUNITIES ??
• A Study by PwC in 2018 shown that 72% of business
leaders termed artificial intelligence as a “business
advantage”
• They mention that by 2025, the AI market will be valued
over $100 billion.

They mentioned that jobs will increase by a very high number as AI will
bring improvement for the employees like:
• Reduce the errors which will help employees be more efficient.
• Encourage people to be more creative, as AI can focus on smaller
tasks of the organization and help employees.
• They mentioned that it will take some job opportunities but will make
new ones. As AI will be able to collect a lot of data from
government to medical to finance, which will benefit organization
to seek growth opportunities and will open up many job
opportunities for employees who can look up keeping of data and
programming of AI to ensure total optimization and to ensure that
collected data being used appropriately.
Artificial intelligence is
projected to be a key
influencing factor for the
growth of automotive sector
in the upcoming years.
Emergence of AI within
several industry verticals and
evolving concept of self-
driving cars are anticipated
to create the need of
automotive artificial
intelligent systems in
automotive industry.
OTHER FUTURE SCOPES OF AI

IMPROVE CYBER IMPROVE HEALTHCARE


SECURITIES
AI for future said to be
AI Technique like Recurrent Virtual Nursing Assistants.
Neutral Networks can detect
fraud in initial stages itself Experiments are going on in
which AI can be able to do
difficult surgeries in future.
Facebook shuts AI system after bots
create own language

CASE YEAR 2017


“AI IS LIKELY
TO BE
EITHER THE
BEST OR
WORST THING
TO
HAPPEN TO
HUMANITY”
-STEPHEN HAWKING