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Sign and Symbol

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SYMBOL
Symbol is a form of a sign that may have deep meaning. It can be
interpreted in different ways since its meaning may not be
universally shared by different people.
SIGN
A sign is a form of language in its own right and it is specifically meant
to communicate certain information. Signs are usually informative,
regulatory, warning or prohibitory. A sign is ought to be followed as it is.
http://www.differencebetween.net/miscellaneous/difference-between-sign-and-
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-two-276373
Just as President Duterte scores majority approval and trust
ratings across geographic areas (69% to 96% and 67% to
91%, respectively) and socio-economic groupings (78% to
87% and 74% to 82%, respectively), Senate President Sotto
also has the approval and trust of most Filipinos in the
different geographic areas (66% to 77% and 60% to 73%,
respectively) and socio-economic classes (72% to 74% and
63% to 68%, respectively). As for Vice-President Robredo,
she registers majority approval and trust ratings in most
geographic areas (64% to 70% and 55% to 60%,
respectively) and Classes D and E (61% to 72% and 55% to
62%, respectively). The latter also has a majority approval
rating in Class ABC (56%). However, less than half of those
in this socio-economic grouping trust the Vice-President
(49%).
How to Develop a
Questionnaire for Research
Step 1: Write a list of objectives.
Step 1: Write a list of objectives.

Write a list of objectives.


This should outline the
kind of data you want to
collect, as it will serve as
the basis for choosing
your questions.
Step 2: Determine the type of questions
your survey will use.
Step 3: Determine the type of questions
your survey will use.
Fixed-response questions provide research questionnaire
respondents with a specified set of possible answers, and
require respondents to choose from those options.
Examples of structured question formats include multiple
choice, ranking, yes/no and rating scale.

Open-ended/non-structured. Non-structured questions are


good for collecting fresh, individual ideas from respondents.

Any question that does not limit the scope of the answer is
open-ended.
Step 3: Decide on a method of
administration.
Step 3: Decide on a method of
administration.
You may opt to use face-to-face interviews, telephone
interviews, web-based surveys or
written questionnaires.
Step 4: Word questions effectively.
Step 4: Word questions effectively.
Comprehension. Use simple language and keep sentences
as brief and concise as possible.

Answerability. Respondents should be able to provide


accurate answers without having to do research.

Double-barreled questions. Make sure your survey questions


ask only 1 thing at a time.

For example, rather than ask respondents if they prefer to


exercise in the evening or after eating, break the question
into 2 separate questions, 1 specific to exercising in the
evening and the other specific to exercising after eating.
Step 4: Word questions effectively.
Make sure response options don't overlap.
For example, multiple choice questions should never
provide for the same number in 2 different range options
(i.e. "between 10 and 30" or "between 20 and 40").
Step 5: Organize the survey questionnaire
in a logical way.
Step 5: Organize the survey questionnaire
in a logical way.

If your research questionnaire covers a range of topics, then


group the questions into subjects.
Step 6: Design the questionnaire so that it is
easy to read and navigate through.

• Use a large, clear font.

• Space questions so that it is easy to see where 1 stops and


the next begins. Be sure to provide ample answer space, if
you are using open-ended questions.
• Answer space should be right below the question. Avoid
asking a question on 1 page, then requiring the respondent
to flip the page in order to provide an answer.

• Use page numbers.


Step 7: Provide respondents with the information
they will need in order to effectively comply with
the survey.
Step 7: Provide respondents with the information
they will need in order to effectively comply with
the survey.

• Explain the purpose of the survey questionnaire.

• Give clear instructions for completing the questions.


Explain the question format (i.e. multiple choice, rating scale,
etc.) and provide an example for how to appropriately answer
the question.

• Tell respondents how many questions the research


questionnaire includes, and give an estimated time frame for
completion.
Step 8: Revise the questionnaire as
necessary.

• If you find that certain questions are consistently being


skipped.

• If respondents are unable to provide full answers due to


space restraints.

• If simple yes/no answers aren't providing you with the


range of data you desire.
Additional Info:
Put the more important questions at the beginning
of your questionnaire.
You can use your book on page 420 as your
reference in making your questionnaire. Still, you
have to create your own.
SOURCE:
https://www.wikihow.com/Develop-a-Research-Questionnaire