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The Impact of Alcoholism Among

Pre-Baccalaureate Maritime Students’

Academic performance
Chapter I

Background of the Study

• Alcohol and drug use can lead to poor decision- making,
such as law enforcement, sexual abuse, fighting, etc.
• The prevalence of alcohol consumption among college
students has been demonstrated in previous research.
This work, therefore, seeks to know the effect of alcohol
consumption on the academic performance of students in
tertiary institutions.
• It is important that the institutions have their own
awareness of alcoholism prevention in order to achieve a
worldwide competence in the outcome of their product.

• There is no significant difference between Grade 12

Pre- Baccalaureate Maritime Student’s taking alcohol
to their academic performance.
The Significance of the Study

• School and Academic

• School Administrators
• Guidance Office
• Faculty
• Parents
• Students
• Future Researchers
Scope and Limitations of the Study

• Like all other research undertakings, this study has

certain limitations.
• This study will be focusing on the impact of
alcoholism among Pre-Baccalaureate Maritime
• Students of VMA Global College and Training
Centers, Inc. School Year 2018-2019.
• This study limits itself with 217 respondents which
have engaged themselves in taking alcoholic drinks
last First Semester, School Year 2018-2019.
Definition of terms

For a clear understanding of this research, the following words and

the following concept are defined conceptually and operationally.
Alcoholism - a chronic, a progressive, potentially fatal disorder
marked by excessive and usually compulsive drinking of alcohol
leading to psychological and physical dependence or addiction.
- As used in the study, it refers to a kind of anomaly of students who
take alcoholic drinks and are affected by them.
• Alcoholic - a person affected with alcoholism (Merriam-Webster
• - As used in the study, this refers to students who take alcoholic
beverages and are affected by them.
Definition of terms

• Academic Performance -The academic performance is

defined by students’ reporting of past semester CGPA/GPA
and their expected GPA for the current semester. The grade
point average or GPA is now used by most of the tertiary
institutions as a convenient summary measure of
the academic performance of their students. The GPA is a
better measurement because it provides greater insight into
the relative level of performance of individuals and a
different group of students.
• - As used in the study, it refers to the student's academic
achievements or deeds in their study.
Definition of terms

• Impact - a forceful contact or onset also: the impetus communicated in

or as if in such contact (Merriam-Webster Dictionary).
• - As used in the study, this refers to the direct effect of alcoholism on
students ' behaviors.
• Pre-Baccalaureate Maritime Students- Pre-baccalaureate
Maritime Specialization is a modified program of a Science, Technology,
Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) strand under the Academic Track.
The goal of the Pre-baccalaureate Maritime Specialization is to
encourage SHS graduates to pursue maritime higher education.
• - As used in the study, it refers to the VMA Global College Pre-
Baccalaureate Maritime Students enrolled in the year 2018-2019.
Chapter II
Review of Related Literature
Foreign Study

• The study shows that the researchers evaluated the links between education
and alcohol consumption. The recent increase in serious alcohol-related
harms also suggests that more information about prevention works,
including the effects of community-based approaches and targeted short
interventions. (Walid El Ansari, Christiane Stock, and Claire Mills, 2013)
Review of Related Literature
Local Study

• Many young people were influenced by their friends, parents or neighbors

because they saw them drinking alcoholic beverages, which is why some
young people want to taste the alcohol until they love it and drink it with
friends. (Pamienta, 2018)
Theoretical framework

Cognitive Learning Theory

• Albert Bandura advanced this cognitive learning theory as an extension of his
theory of social learning. Cognitive learning theory implies that by first
analyzing the mental processes, the different learning processes can be
• We consider 3 variables in social cognitive theory: behavioral factors,
environmental (extrinsic) factors, personal (intrinsic) factors. These 3 variables
are said to be interrelated with each other in Social Cognitive Theory, causing
learning to take place.
Theoretical framework

Behavioral Theory
• The study was anchored on the Behavioral Theory by Ivan Pavlov in
which behaviorism is a learning theory that focuses only on behaviors
that are objectively observed and discounts any independent mental
activities. One of the most common examples of classical conditioning
in the educational environment is in situations where students display
irrational fears and anxieties such as fear of failure, public - speaking
fear, and phobia of general school.
• Behaviorism has been criticized many times, including the following:
Behaviorism does not account for all kinds of learning as it disregards
the mind's activities.
Conceptual Framework

• The schematic diagram consists of sex, age and socio-

economic status as inputs in which researchers should
identify the various factors affecting alcoholism,
interviews or surveys or evaluations as a process for
collecting information and understanding how
respondents take action to reduce alcohol risk.
Conceptual Framework
Chapter III
Research design

• The researchers used the Descriptive – Quantitative

Research Design. This type of research draws out
the description from the numerical data gathered by
the researchers through the instruments they used.
The analyses were made from the presentation of
data using certain statistical tools such as
Frequency, Mean, Percentage, and ANOVA.
Respondents of the Study

• The respondents of the study will be the Grade 12 Pre-Baccalaureate Maritime

Students of the School Year 2018-2019. The chosen respondents are 217
among 474 officially enrolled population at VMA Global College and Training
Centers Incorporated.
• Purposive Sampling is used to draw respondents from the population. The
Slovenian formula was used to determine the sample size.
Data Gathering Procedures

• The researcher will send a letter to the Vice President for Academic Affairs of the VMA
Global College requesting permission to carry out the study from the Research Office. When
the study was approved, the researchers undertook the procedure. The researchers then went to
the High School principal and the VMA Global College and Training Centers Incorporated
high school coordinators to seek approval to carry out their research in the academe. Once
approved, the researchers carried out procedures to obtain the consent of the respondents '
target, the researchers deliberately distributed the questionnaire to the respondents who met the
criterion. Once the questionnaire was completed, the respondents were asked to consent to the
use of their first and second quarter GWA in the study.

• Data Gathering Instrument

• The researchers adopt a survey questionnaire entitled “The Short Alcohol

Dependence” by Moderation Management. For the collection of data, it
determines the impact of alcoholism in Grade 12 Pre-Baccalaureate Maritime
Students in the School Year 2018-2019. The first part of the questionnaire
consists of the variables that would determine the profile of the respondents
such as sex, age, and their 1st and 2nd General Weight Average in the School
Year 2018-2019. The second part of the questionnaire is all about the
determinants of alcohol intake of the respondents that served as the
measurement to the study.
Plan for Data Analysis
• The data gathered on the academic performance of the Pre-Baccalaureate Maritime
Students of VMA Global College and Training Centers Incorporated in relation to
their alcohol intake. This study used statistical tools such as Frequency, Percentage,
Mean, and ANOVA.
• To describe the respondents' profile as to sex and age, Frequency and Percentage were
• To determine the academic performance of the respondents in terms of 1st and 2nd
GWA of the School Year 2018- 2019, Mean or Average was used.
• To determine the impact of alcohol intake, Mean or Average was used.
• To determine the significant difference between the alcohol intake of the students and
their academic performance, ANOVA was used. ANOVA is a statistical tool used to
measure the difference between two coefficients though determination of r-value