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SMART HVAC SYSTEM

HT & HVAC LAB


Group Members
01 S/Lt Abdullah Azhar

02 Ashar Jamal

03 Hammad Shafique

04 Muhammad Mustafa Pardesi

05 Qasim Nawab
Contents

Introduction Smart HVAC Why SMART? Benefits Case Studies

HVAC Components Smart but HOW? Demerits Questions?


What is HVAC?
An Introduction!
HVAC
Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning
as the name suggests is the
system to control the
temperature & quality of
the air for providing
comforting & hygienic
environment to people.
HVAC
Heating
Heating the air to maintain it’s
temperature from 20 °C to 24 °C
according to American Society of
Heating, Refrigerating and Air-
Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)

Ventilation
Replacing air in a space to control
temperature or remove CO2,
contaminants, moisture, odors, smoke,
heat, dust and airborne bacteria
According to ASHRAE standard: 20
CFM per person in work environment

Air Conditioning
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What is a
Smart HVAC System?

When conventional HVAC


system which is a Manual
Control system is attached
to a digital thermostat to
provide digital mobile
control of components
based on Artificial
Intelligence, The system is
then called a Smart HVAC
System
Components of
HVAC
Evaporating Coil

Condensing Unit

Compressor

Vents Portfolio
Presentation
Refrigerant Lines Easy to change colors,
photos and Text.

Thermostat
Evaporating Coil
It is used to cool
down the air when
Evaporating Coil
your thermostat is set
to a lower
temperature. This
cold air is then
funneled throughout
your home.
Condensing Unit
This is the outdoor unit
and is filled with
Condensing Unit
refrigerant gas. When the
refrigerant is cooled, the
condensing unit pumps
this liquid to the
evaporator coil to be
transformed into gas
again.
Compressor
It compresses the
refrigerant gas to
Compressor derive the
refrigeration process.
As temperature rises
in the compressor the
gas is sent to the
condenser to cool
Vents
These are the outlets
that help distribute Vents
heated and cooled
air from the duct
system into the
various rooms of your
home.
Refrigerating Lines
These lines carry
Refrigerating Lines
refrigerant from one
unit to another like
from Compressor to
Condenser.
What makes it
SMART?
Thermostat
Can be set manually and
programmed to keep
your home at your ideal
temperature.
When the ambient
temperature gets too hot
or cold, it triggers your
HVAC system to start
circulating air as needed.
Why do we need
SMART HVAC?
Need of Smart HVAC!

Energy
01 Efficient
Enhanced
02 Control
Better
03 Monitoring
Components of
Smart HVAC
Components

Main System

Controller

Thermal Sensor

Occupancy Sensor

Humidity Sensor

Smart Phone Application


Main System
Main system deals with input of the other
components i.e. Thermostat & Smart phone &
process them to control the components which
are of course the first components at the boiler
& the Condenser.
Controller
It is directly connected to the compressor and
can communicate wirelessly with second
component the main control
Thermal
Sensor
• The thermal sensor is
the Component that
measures the temperature
by variation of resistance.
• Also known as thermistor,
the change in resistance of
these sensor is send as an
electronic signal to main
system.
• The main system can then
close or open the duct of the
room split depending upon
the readings.
Occupancy
Sensor
• Occupancy sensor detects
whether a room is occupied or
not.
• These sensor works through
technologies such as
passive infrared detection.
• A Occupancy sensor can
placed on the door of the
room for required measurement
or there can be more
than one sensor in a room.
• The required action again is
handled by the main system
Humidity
Sensor
• Humidity sensors are made
usually of capacitive material
whose capacitance changes
with amount water vapor in it.
• Humidity sensors send data to
main system which takes
required action based on the
readings.
• The main system changes the
setting of air filters accordingly
after processing the readings
from sensors.
Smart Phone
Application
Remote access via Internet
from miles away!

• Smart HVAC comes with a


phone app that requires an
internet connection to set up
the HVAC system through the
phone app
• Phone app provide flexibility
to control HVAC from literally
anywhere, just with an
internet connection
Thermal Sensors in Condenser / Compressor
OTHER
Sensors

• Pressure sensors

Pressure Sensor
to detect any leaks
or corrosion in the
pipes.

• Thermal sensors
can placed on
Condenser or
Compressor such
to protect them in
case of any
abnormal behavior.
OTHER

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Sensor


Sensors
• Duct smoke detectors

Dust Smoke Sensor


are used primarily to
prevent the HVAC
system from spreading
smoke through a
building

• The basic IAQ sensor


is a carbon sensor,
which detects carbon
levels in the air.
Carbon dioxide
sensors use either
infrared light or a
chemical process to
measure levels of CO2.
In a recent report “ Digitalization and energy
savings " (2017), the International Energy Agency
(IEA) states that digitalization could save around
10% of total energy consumption in residential
and commercial buildings by 2040.
Benefits!!
Easy To Use

Staying Informed
Saves Energy
of Changes

Better Comfort Cleaner Air

Smart Devices
Convenience
Recognize Habits

Better Temp. Control


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Demerits!!

Expensive to
Install
1 Useless
Without Active
Internet
2 Digital
errors
3 Simple
PowerPoint

Initial cost of As a SMART HVAC Every digital


installing a SMART system can be component has the
HVAC is very high remotely controlled risk of being
because the fact from a Smart phone damaged and shut
that it uses a application! An active down and the
variable range of Internet is always same can happen
electronic sensors required for the to a SMART HVAC
and precise communication system which may
equipment. between Smart unable the user to
Components have control!!!
Case Studies
The
Origins

In 2008, the United Nations launched a campaign to raise


thermostats in their secretariat building from 70 to 75°F as
one of many strategies to reduce their carbon emissions.
Hence the name, 75f.
Firstource
Solutions’
Malad Paradigm Office
(Mumbai)
Analysis

Installed Previous
Location Project
Units Condition

18 Nos. AHUs All HVAC systems


Malad Paradigm, Dynamic Air with constant were manually
Mumbai flow Balancing airflow, operated.
no VFDs No centralized
+ monitoring and
2 Nos. 190 TR
Dynamic Chiller units, control in place.
AREA
Chilled Water operating in Frequent cold spots
Balancing standby & hotspots in
100,000 square ft. mode workstations
SOLUTION
IMPLEMENTED

75F
Result

45.63% on the
AHU energy Optimized AHU
consumption Operation
These
savings were realized by

Dynamic Airflow
Balancing & Occupancy
Independent Zone, Scheduling &
System and Detection
Vacation Schedules
Rockler
Headquarters
(Minnesota)
Analysis

Installed Previous
Location Project
Units System

Dynamic Rooftop
Medina, Minnesota
Airflow Units = 1
Honeywell
Balancing
+
Average RTU Zone
AREA Size = 10 tons
Outside Air Control
Optimization Zones = 32
35,000 square ft.
Solution Implemented

DYNAMIC AIRFLOW 75F installed six Wireless Room Modules


and 12 Smart Dampers throughout the
BALANCING building.

OUTSIDE AIR 75F provides Demand Control Ventilation


(DCV) and enthalpy economizer solutions
OPTIMIZATION

Simple PowerPoint
Result
• The building was being conditioned
without human intervention thanks to
the predictive power of 75F proprietary
algorithms. Facilisight, a suite of web a
nd mobile apps, confirms employee re
ports of increased comfort.

• In addition to comfort, Rockler is


enjoying 32% in energy savings. The
Outside Air Optimization solution
saves energy by closing dampers to
prevent heat loss if indoor CO2 levels
are healthy. Facilisight screenshots
confirm energy savings. Both Rockler
facility managers and employees are
enjoying how the 75F solution drives
efficiency while maximizing comfort.
Thank you
Any Questions?