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Learning Competency:

Demonstrating the Virtues of

Prudence and Frugality
toward Environment

• Encompasses real-world
problems and conflicts, far
more complex than what
either textbooks or political
ideologies suggest (Ramos,
• Former President Fidel V. Ramos
envisioned Philippines 2020 to initiate
economic reforms.
• At present, ASEAN Economic Community
examines the modernization of the
research and development in terms of
productivity performance, economic
integration, technology policies, and
institutional structure/arrangement.
• The world Economic Forum in East Asia
held in Tokyo, Japan in 2006 told that
“the new century belongs to Asia, but at
the same time, it seriously requires to
tackle many challenges facing today.”
• Growing concern from the various
international agencies suggest that Asia
may have to reassess its “growth-first”
• The 3Rs concept (Reduce,
Reuse, Recycle), if
implemented, could be the
missing piece in solving the
Asian waste puzzle aggravated
by unplanned urbanization
and sustainable development.
• The discussions suggest a new
society that encourages the
emergence of a new human being
that will foster prudence and
moderation or frugality toward the
• These are some of the functions of
Fromm’s envisioned society:
1. The willingness to give up all forms of having
in order to fully be.
2. Being fully present where one is.
3. Trying to reduce greed, hate and illusions as
much as one is capable.
4. Reaching the full growth of oneself and one’s
fellow beings as the supreme goal of living.
5. Not deceiving others, but also not being
deceived by others; one may be called
innocent, but not naïve.
6. Freedom that is not arbitrariness but the
possibility to be oneself, not as a bundle of
greedy desires, but as a delicately balanced
structure that at any moment is confronted with
the alternative of growth or decay, life or death.
7. Happiness in the process of ever-growing
aliveness, whatever the furthest point is at that
fate permits one to reach, for living as fully as
one can is so satisfactory that the concern for
what one might or might not attain has little
chance to develop.
8. Joy comes from giving and sharing, not from
hoarding and exploiting.
9. Developing one’s capacity for love, together
with one’s capacity for critical, unsentimental
10. Shedding one’s narcissism and accepting
that tragic limitations are inherent in human
• The ideals of this society cross all party
lines, for protecting nature needs
focused conservation, action, political
will, and support from industry. If all
these sectors agree of the same goals,
the possibility of change would seem to
be considerably greater, especially since
most citizens have become less and less
interested in party loyalty and slogans.

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