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Can we determine a

quadratic equation if we
have its roots?
Do Now: Use the quadratic formula to
determine the general form of BOTH
roots to any quadratic equation.
What is the sum of the roots
of a quadratic equation?
• We determined that the general form of
the two roots can be written as:
b  b 2  4ac b  b 2  4ac
x or x 
2a 2a
• To find the sum, we add these together
b  b  4ac b  b  4ac 
2 2 b  b 2
 4ac  b  b 2
 4ac
  2a
2a 2a
b  b 2b b
  
2a 2a a

The sum of the roots is
always the same?
• Yes, for any quadratic equation, due to
the nature of the roots, the sum of the
roots is the opposite of b over a.
• If we know one root and the sum of the
roots, we can find the other root.
• Note: If we know that one root is
imaginary, then the other root is the
CONJUGATE!!!
Is there a similar
relationship for the product
of the roots?
• Yes! We can use the general form of
the roots to find the product.
b  b 2  4ac b  b2  4ac (b  b2  4ac )(b  b 2  4ac )
 
2a 2a 2a  2a

b  b b  4ac  b b  4ac  ( b  4ac )


2 2 2 2 2
b 2  (b 2  4ac)
 
4a 2  4a 2
4ac c
 2 
4a a

Example
• What are the sum and product of the
roots of the equation 3x2-6x+8=0
• Sum
b (6) 6
  2
a 3 3
• Product
c 8

 a 3
Why do we care about the
sum and product of roots?
• If we know the sum and product, we can
write the original quadratic equation.
• The sum is made of b and a, and the
product is made of c and a, so we have
everything we need to write the
quadratic equation.
Example
• Find the quadratic equation whose roots
are:
3 2 and 3 2
1) Find sum and
(3  2)  (3  2)  6 product
(3  2)(3  2)
93 2  3 2  4
   9  2  7
b 2) Find a, b, and c
6  b  6, a 1
a
c
7 c 7
a
0  x 2  6x  7 3) Write equation
Try on your own
• Find the quadratic equation whose roots
are 5+2i and 5-2i.
Summary/HW
• How can we determine a quadratic
equation if we have the roots of the
equation?
• HW pg 87, 1-10
LEARNING COMPETENCY
The learner will be able to
characterize the roots of a
quadratic equation using the
discriminant and describe the
relationship between the
coefficients and the roots of a
quadratic equation.
Learning Goals
At the end of the lesson, students are
expected to:
*
*
*write a quadratic equation whose
solution set is given.
Sum and Product of Roots
What will be the form of quadratic
equation if the roots are given?
Alternative method
Example:
Alternative method
Alternative method