Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 16

Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 2

What can you say about the


picture 1, picture 2, and
picture 3?
EXPRESSION OF OBLIGATION,
PROHIBITION, AND ADVICE
Basic Competence

3.3 Menerapkan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks
interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan
memberi dan meminta informasi terkait keharusan, larangan, dan
himbauan, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya. (Perhatikan
unsur kebahasaan must, should)
4.3 Menyusun teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis sangat pendek
dan sederhana yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta
informasi terkait keharusan, larangan, dan himbauan, dengan
memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan
yang benar dan sesuai konteks.
Learning Objectives
After following the learning activity by using Genre Based Approach, students are
expected to be able to:
1. identify social functions, text structures, and language features of the
expressions of giving and asking for information related to obligation, prohibition,
and advice, according to the context of its use correctly.
2. apply social functions, text structures, and language features of the expressions
of giving and asking for information related to obligation, prohibition, and
advice, according to the context of its use correctly.
3. arrange a short and simple dialog about the expressions of giving and asking for
information related to obligation, prohibition, and advice, according to the
context of its use correctly.
4. present a short and simple dialog about the expressions of giving and asking for
information related to obligation, prohibition, and advice, according to the
context of its use confidently.
Learning Method

1. Approach : Genre Based Approach


2. Technique / Strategy:
Written and Spoken Cycle
Learning Assessment
1. Attitude Assessment
 Technique of Assessment : Observation (religious and social
attitude)
 Form of Assessment : Observation sheet
 Instrument of Assessment : Journal
2. Knowledge
 Kind of Test : Written and Assignment
 Form of Test : Multiple Choice and Essay
3. Skill
 Kind of Test : Spoken
 Technique of evaluation : Practice/performance
OBLIGATION
Social Function:
to say something that must do because of a law,
rule and promise.
Text Structure:
 We must wear scout uniform every Friday.
 We must keep our class clean and tidy.
 You must remove your shoes.
 I must go to work on Saturday morning
Language Features:
Modal verb: must

S + must + verb infinitive + o/c

Note :
Must similar with have to.
Must cannot use to talk about the past and
future. When we use the past, or the future
with will, we need to a form of have to.
PROHIBITION
Social Function : The act of not allowing something to be used or done.
Text Structure :
 We mustn’t’t wear sandal to school
 We mustn’t’t be late for school
 They mustn’t’t talk during the exam
Responses :
 I won’t
 All right
 Sorry…
 Why….
 Of course
 Sure
 Okay
 Language Features:
Modal verb: Mustn’t

S + mustn’t + verb infinitive + o/c

Example:
We mustn’t’t wear sandal to school
We mustn’t’t be late for school
They mustn’t’t talk during the exam
ADVICE
Social Function : to say what someone should do or how someone should
behave.
Text Structure :
 We should start getting ready to go because the bus leaves at 4:00
 You should invite them.
Responses :
 All right
 I think you’re right.
 Okay…
 Well, actually…
 Yes. Why not?
 Good idea
 Sounds good
 Language Features:
Modal verb: Should

S + should+ verb infinitive + o/c

 NOTE:
We can also use “had better” and “should have” to giving advice
 Be careful:
Should has multiple meanings. It can be used to express certainty, such
as, "He should be here by five o'clock." Should can be a substitute for t
he conditional word if. (VOA: Everyday grammar).
Meeting 1. Group Work.
1. Make a group in pairs!
2. Make your own obligation, prohibition, and advice sentences in
the school environment!
3. Put in the table like the example below!

MUST MUSTN’T SHOULD

I must go to work on We mustn’t wear We should obey the


Saturday morning. sandal to school. rule of the school.

We must wear scout We mustn’t be late to We should respect


uniform every day. school. our teacher.

etc. etc. etc.


Meeting 2. Group Work.
1. Arrange a simple and short dialog
about obligation/prohibition/advice
in pairs!
2. Present the dialog in front of your
friends in the classroom!
REFLECTION

 To give obligation, we can say


______________________________________________________
 To give prohibition, we can say
______________________________________________________
 To give advice, we can say
______________________________________________________
Knowing is not enough; we must apply.
Willing is not enough; we must do.
– Johann Wolfgang von Goethe –