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The grasshopper laughed at the Ant

and said, “Stop your silly work and have


fun with me!” , “No”, said the Ant. I am
gathering food for Winter. You must do
too.”
“Ha ha ha. Right now, I have plenty
to eat. Why should I worry now?”,
laughed the Grasshopper.
•Explicit information is any information
stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room
for doubt. There’s no need to look for clues.
The information is directly written in the
text.

•Implicit information is implied rather than


stated. Think for what you read. Information
is not written but the idea is there. Using
what is read to make an inference.
Inference = evidence from
the text+background
knowledge
All living things are made up of
cells. Since humans are alive we
are all made up of cells. Cells make
our tissue. Tissue makes our body
organs. Organs make our body
systems. Cells are the building
block of our bodies.
In Journalistic Writing Direct
and Reported speech play an
important role.
Direct Speech or Quoted is a report of
the exact words used by a speaker or
writer(also known as quotation marks
or inverted commas).
Example:
Samia said, “ I go to school every
day.”
Indirect Speech or Reported is a
report on what someone else said
or wrote without using that
person’s exact words
Example:
Samia said that she went to
school everyday.
1. All inverted commas or
quotation marks are omitted and
the sentence ends with a full stop.
2. Conjunction ‘that’ is added
before the indirect statement
3. The pronoun I is changed to she.
4. The verb am is changed to ‘was’
Another example:
Princess said, “He has finished his
food.”

Princess said that he had finished


his food.
Modifier
• Modify is to change or to alter
something.
• Modifiers helps clarify the
meaning of nouns. They serve
to make statements more
meaningful, and concrete.
What is an adjective and a verb?
As single-word modifiers,
adjectives are different from
adverbs. Adjectives are fixed.
Example:
• The English teacher was absent
yesterday.
• The English teacher was absent
yesterday unfortunately.
Most single-word adverbs can have
different positions in a sentence.
Example:

•The English teacher was absent yesterday


unfortunately.
•Unfortunately, the English teacher was absent
yesterday.
•The English teacher unfortunately was absent
yesterday.
Other forms of modifiers have
rules to help you use them.
Precede singular count nouns with: this,
that, other, another, one, any, every, each,
neither, either, or some.
Example:
That teacher was absent.
Precede plural count nouns with: these,
those, some, many, a lot of, few, a few, or
quite a few.
Example:
These notes are not legible.
What is explicit and implicit
information?
What is direct and indirect
speech?
What is Modifier?
“It’s so hard to live in a small
studio apartment with a man
who is learning how to play the
violin”.
That’s what she told the
police as she handed them the
broken bat.
1. “Could you help me carry these
bags?” He asked.
2. He said, “ be quiet, please, and listen
to my words.”
3. Lancelot said that were we coming to
his house today?
4. Karina said I am feeling hungry.
5. Kadita said, “I want to study medicine,
father.”
•The school cafeteria serves____
students.
•The cafeteria offers _____
hotdogs for breakfast.
• Do you have ____ food?
I. Fill in the blanks with the correct answer
1. ______any information stated clearly and
in detail, leaving no room for doubt.
2. ______is a report on what someone else
said or wrote without using that person’s
exact words.
3. Inference + evidence from the text=______
4. They serve to make statements more
meaningful, and concrete.
5. ______ a report of the exact words used
by a speaker or writer.
II. Determine the statement whether it is explicit
information or implicit information
Let’s say you have 2 sauces on a table, the green one and
the red one and I’m telling you that the red one is spicy.

1. “Do not eat the red sauce! It’s way too spicy!”
2. “I think the green sauce is better, I don’t like spicy
foods that much”
3. “Wow, a little bit of the red sauce is more than
enough. (while I drink water)
4. “Maybe the green sauce is sweet sauce.”
5. Only green sauce and red sauce are there on the
table.
III. Change the following into indirect
speech/ direct speech.
1. Mr. Baldeo said, “I am very tired.”
2. Miya said that she was feeling sick today.
3. Layla said, “We passed by a beautiful
lake in Laguna.”
4. My parents said that they lost our keys
last night.
5. Valir asked, “What happened last night?”
IV. Write a few, a little, or any in the blank to
complete the sentence.

1. The school cafeteria serves quite ______ glasses


of orange and grape juice.
2. Only______ students ask for eggs and ham.
3. Many students drink_______ cups of chocolate.
4. Students like to have ______ donut with their
chocolate.
5. However, sometimes the cafeteria doesn’t
have_____ donuts.