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Gilbert R.

Esguerra
Teacher II
San Pablo City Senior High School-Stand Alone
Lines
Shape
Form
Space
Texture
Color
Materials: Pencil &Bond Paper
1. Choose a subject / object to draw. Try to remember
the basic shape and feature of the subject you choose.

2. Locate your pencil in bond paper then close your


eyes and try to draw the subject/object you choose
3. Observe the drawing that you have created
Drawing is the ability to see shape and relationships between
shapes. You already have this ability and would just need practice
to enhance.

Let us discover the essential drawing skills from how to hold a


pencil to sketching.

We may not be able to create a perfect drawing but training your


eye, hand and mind is the first step in becoming an artist
Basic Tripod Grip – this grip is the same as what you use for
writing. You use your fingers and thumb to control the pencil
and the hand can rest on the page.

Extended Tripod Grip – it is the same as the basic grip where


your thumb and forefinger and middle finger forms a triangle
except that you further up the pencil.

Overhand Grip – the pencil is braced lightly against the fingers


and thumb. This grip allows you to shade using the side of the
pencil.

Note: Make sure that you keep a relaxed grip on the pencil for
better sketching
Straight Lines

Doodle

Basic Shapes ( circle, square, triangle )


Line Art
 Line art or line drawing is
any image that consists of
distinct straight or curved
lines placed against a
(usually plain)
background, without
gradations in shade
(darkness) or hue (color)
to represent two-
dimensional or three-
dimensional objects.
Line Art
Line Art
Pencil Shading is learning how to control the
movement of your pencil. The pencil movements
make the mark on the paper toward the creation of
shade or effect that you want.

To begin with, decide if you want to use the point


or side of the pencil to shade with.
Stippling

Scumbling

Smudging

Hatching / Cross Hatching


Types of Shading

 Stippling - is the
creation of a pattern
simulating varying
degrees of solidity or
shading by using small
dots.
Types of Shading
 Scumbling - modify (a drawing)
with light shading in pencil or
charcoal to give a softer effect.

 Use light touch with the pencil


and work areas in an irregular,
overlapping pattern to gradually
build up the graphite . Try using
a light touch on lighter areas.

 Direction is important in
shading. The rough change of
direction shows the difference
on the edge between the
horizontal and vertical shading
direction. Control the direction
of your shading.
Types of Shading
 Smudging – applying
varying pressure on the
pencil to create light and
dark tones.
 The precise control can
allow you to model
smooth forms.
 This type of technique is
useful for creating
highlights across textures
like hair or grass.
Types of Shading
 Hatching / Cross
Hatching - Hatching is
an artistic technique
used to create tonal or
shading effects by
drawing closely spaced
parallel lines. When
lines are placed at an
angle to one another, it
is called cross-
hatching.
Stippling - is the creation of a pattern simulating varying
degrees of solidity or shading by using small dots.

Scumbling - modify (a drawing) with light shading in


pencil or charcoal to give a softer effect.

Smudging – applying varying pressure on the pencil to


create light and dark tones.

Hatching / Cross Hatching - Hatching is an artistic


technique used to create tonal or shading effects by
drawing closely spaced parallel lines. When lines are placed
at an angle to one another, it is called cross-hatching.
Shapes for Shading
Example: circle , cube , cylinder

Shading light to dark

Shading dark to light


Tips in doing Shading and Toning Technique

1. Avoid using outlines


2. Use background to define the foreground
objects.
3. Use the proper tool for the job.
4. Use pencil accurately
Avoid using outlines
-forbid yourself to draw a line and focus on areas of
value.
You might use the lightest of lines to get down the
basic shapes then from there, build up the
shading.
The outline will joined between two different
values and is created by the contrast between
the light and dark areas
Use background to define the foreground
objects

-focus in drawing the shadows and background.

Use them to provide contrast.

Remember that it is okay to let an edge fade into the


background but do not outline.
Use proper tools for the job
• There are different types of pencil that you can use.

The smaller the number of the pencil, the lighter shade that
you can make.

• Tortillon also called smudge sticks or blending stump –


rolled tubes of paper that are used to smudge drawings.
It come sin different lengths and widths.

• Kneaded eraser
Use the pencil accurately.

Keep your pencil sharp and apply the tone with


small rapid circular or sideways movement of
the hand.

Randomly vary your start and end point.


An eraser can be used to lift off highlights
A light onto an object creates lights, darks and shadows.
Light source may differ from sun, moon or artificial light.

To appropriately draw the light and shadows correctly, you


need to be able to visually identify light source, light side,
form shadows and cast shadows

Seeing how light source affects an object is more


challenging than examining a drawing. It would help if you
experiment on your own using a flashlight or a lamp and
place an object on a surface. Shine a light onto the object
and observe it from different perspectives.
Each time you move the light source, observe the
following:

•Where is the light coming from?

•Which part of the object is the lightest?


Light Source and Shadows
 A – highlight
 B - halftone
 C – core shadow
 D – reflected light
 E – cast shadow
Materials: Pencil &Bond Paper
1. Choose a subject / object to draw. Draw the basic shape that
composes the chosen object.

2. Make a form of the object from the drawn basic shape.

3. Apply lights and shadows in the drawing by shading and adding


value to the drawing.

4. Enjoy drawing your chosen object.


“ Light and Shadows visually define
objects. If you could train your eyes
like an artist, you can easily draw
lights and shadows. “
Thank you!