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Chapter 6

I. Earthquake-Induced
Landslide
Reporters:
Andrei Ebol Allyson Lacurom
Brille Gulla Adrian Hermosa

STEM 119
Landslide
-It is considered as
the major geologic
hazard.

-It is ground
movement causing
rock falls and debris
flows .
Earthquake-
Induced
Landslide
 An earthquake can cause a slope to
become unstable by the inertial
loading it imposes or by causing a loss
of strength in the slope materials.
SEVERITY OF EARTHQUAKE-INDUCED
LANDSLIDES

1. INTENSITY of the earthquake


2. Slope of the rock and soil
3. Other aggravating factors like rainfall and
irresponsible mining
OTHER
SECONDARY
EARTHQUAKE
HAZARDS
• a standing wave in an enclosed or partially
enclosed body of water.
• lakes, reservoirs, swimming pools, bays,
harbours and seas.
• the body of water be at least partially
bounded,
 Also considered as a
secondary impact of
earthquake activity.
 May be caused by tsunami
generated earthquake on
subduction zone fault can
flood coastal zones.
 Blocking the path of water
along river valleys.
 Destruction of dams may
result to sudden and
unexpected release of water.
-another major secondary
earthquake hazard.

May be caused for example:


 a burning candle fallen due to a
seismic activity.
 Broken pipelines, lamps, liquefied,
petroleum gasses and others.
II. The Philippine
Hazard Map
http://vm.observatory.ph/hazard.html

• Prepared by the Manila Observatory and


Department of Environment and Natural
Resources
Manila Observatory
• Scientific research institution in the field of
atmospheric and earth science in the
Philippines and Southeast Asian region
• Also committed in pre-disaster science.
Philippine Hazard Map
• It is for monitoring places in the Philippines
where it is at most risk with Earthquakes,
Earthquake-Induced Shallow Landslides,
Volcanic Eruptions and Tsunamis.
• It also provide different hazard mapping of
different areas in the Philippines according to
its risk to the hazards.
PHILIPPINE HAZARD
MAP TO VARIOUS
GEOPHYSICAL
HAZARDS
RISK To Earthquake
• The Manila Trench makes La union and
Pangasinan prone to earthquake
• The Philippine Trench makes Surigao del
Sur and Davao Oriental prone to
earthquake
• Ifugao is also identified as an earthquake
risk area because of its vulnerability to
disaster
RISK TO EARTHQUAKE
1. Surigao Del Sur
2. La Union
3. Benguet
4. Pangasinan
5. Pampanga
6. Tarlac
7. Ifugao
8. Davao Oriental
9. Nueva Vizcaya
10. Nueva Ecija
RISK TO EARTHQUAKE-INDUCED
SHALLOW LANDSLIDE
1. Ifugao
2. Lanao Del Sur
3. Sarangani
4. Benguet
5. Mountain Province
6. Bukidnon
7. Aurora
8. Davao Del Sur
9. Davao Oriental
10. Rizal
RISK TO VOLCANIC ERUPTION
• Philippines lies within the Ring of Fire. It means that
Philippines is located in a place where earthquakes
and volcanic eruption usually occurs.
• The most recent volcanic eruption which resulted to
lahar flow rising to devastation to most parts of
Central Luzon is the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in
1991.
• The severity of the volcanic eruption depends on the
land are and number of active and inactive
volcanoes.
RISK TO VOLCANIC ERUPTION
1. Camiguin
2. Sulu
3. Biliran
4. Albay
5. Bataan
6. Sorsogon
7. South Cotabato
8. Laguna
9. Camarines Sur
10. Batanes
RISK TO TSUNAMIS
• The most common places to be hit by
tsunamis are near coastal areas or bodies of
water.
• There are also near trenches surrounding
some coastal areas of Philippines like Sulu
Trench and Cotabato Trench.
• As there are many communities and people
living near the sea it is considered a
vulnerability to the said hazard.
RISK TO TSUNAMIS
1. Sulu
2. Tawi-Tawi
3. Basilan
4. Batanes
5. Guimaras
6. Romblon
7. Siquijor
8. Surigao Del Norte
9. Camiguin
10. Masbate
FACTORS AFFECTING THE EXTENT OF RISK
OF GEOPHYSICAL HAZARDS:

1. DISTANCE
2. POPULATION
3. DEGREE OF VULNERABILITY
THANK YOU FOR
LISTENING!!