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CODOMINANCE

A NON-MENDELIAN PRINCIPLE OF HEREDITY


OUR GOALS FOR TODAY
•Explain codominance pattern of
inheritance.
•Illustrate by means of Punnett Square a
cross involving codominance pattern of
inheritance.
READ AND ANALYZE THE SITUATION BELOW. ILLUSTRATE YOUR
ANSWER USING A PUNNETT SQUARE.
Mang Marcelino owns purebred red cows. In his farm he noticed that
after a typhoon several months ago, all of the fences that separate his cattle
from his neighbor’s cattle were destroyed. During the time that the fences
were down, three bulls from his neighbor, mingled with his cows. For a while,
he thought that none of the bulls found his cows, but over the months, he
noticed that all of his cows are pregnant. He would like to find out the
percentage probability of producing roan calf so that he can adjust the price
once he sells it. Refer to the given data below to help Mang Marcelino solve
his problem:

• A red (RR) bull is mated with a red (RR) cow 1


• A red (RR) bull is mated with a white (WW) cow 2
• A roan (RW) is mated with red (RR) cow 3
CODOMINANCE
•The condition in which both alleles in a
heterozygous organism are expressed.
•BOTH alleles contribute to the phenotype.
•The two alleles don’t blend, but are rather
both present in the offspring.
Codominance

Black White
Black chicken Erminette
B B
White chicken

BW BW
W
Erminette Erminette

W BW BW
Erminette Erminette
Roan Horse
YOU TELL ME WHICH TYPE OF
DOMINANCE…

Codominance!
TYPE OF
DOMINANCE?

Incomplete
Dominance!
Type of Dominance?

CODOMINANCE!
TYPE OF DOMINANCE?
Incomplete Dominance!
CODOMINANCE
What is the difference between
incomplete dominance and
codominance?
DOES CODOMINANCE
TRAIT APPLY TO HUMAN
TRAITS?
WHY OR WHY NOT?
1
In some chickens, the gene for feather color is
controlled by codominance. The allele for black is B
and the allele for white is W. The heterozygous
phenotype is known as erminette.

a. What is the genotype for black chickens?


b. What is the genotype for white chickens?
c. What is the genotype for erminette chickens?
1
In some chickens, the gene for feather color is
controlled by codominance. The allele for black is B
and the allele for white is W. The heterozygous
phenotype is known as erminette.

a. What is the genotype for black chickens? BB


b. What is the genotype for white chickens? WW
c. What is the genotype for erminette chickens? BW
2 In mice, agouti coat (BW) color is codominant.
Hairs, when viewed under a microscope are grey at the
base and white at the tip. An agouti mouse will result
from a cross between a black (B) parent and a white
(W) parent. What will two agouti mice produce?

a. 75% black, 25% white


b. 50% white, 50 % black
c. 50% black, 25% white, 25% agouti
d. 50% agouti, 25% black, 25% white
2 In mice, agouti coat (BW) color is codominant.
Hairs, when viewed under a microscope are grey at the
c An agouti mouse will result
base and white at the tip.
from a cross between a black (B) parent and a white
(W) parent. What will two agouti mice produce?

a. 75% black, 25% white


b. 50% white, 50 % black
c. 50% black, 25% white, 25% agouti
d. 50% agouti, 25% black, 25% white
3
What is the genotypic ratio of the
resulting offspring?

a. 3 BB : 1WW c. 2 BW : 1 WW : 1 BW

b. 2 WW : 2 BB d. 2 BW : 1 BB : 1 WW
3
What is the genotypic ratio of the
resulting offspring?

a. 3 BB : 1WW c. 2 BW : 1 WW : 1 BW

b. 2 WW : 2 BB d. 2 BW : 1 BB : 1 WW
ASSIGNMENT:
1. What are the sex chromosomes?
2. How do you determine the
gender of an organism?
THANK YOU
&
GODBLESS!