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University of Nueva Caceres

Naga City

College of Criminal Justice


Education
LEGAL
CLASSIFICATIONS
OF CRIME
Introduction to
criminology
Dr. Lorlie Blanca Tanjay
Professor
Subject
CLASSIFICATION OF CRIME ACCORDING TO
DEGREE OR SEVERITY OF OFFENSE

1. FELONIES
-serious crimes punishable by
death, a fine or imprisonment.
2. MISDEMEANOR
–minor offenses punishable by
fine or a year of imprisonment
ACCORDING TO NATURE OF ACTS
PROHIBITED

1. Mala In Se- evil in itself


(murder, rape, robbery)
2. Mala prohibita- wrong
because it is prohibited
(illegal logging, gambling
AS TO THE MANNER CRIMES
ARE COMMITTED

1. By means of dolo or
deceit- intentional
felony
2. By means of culpa or
fault- culpable felony
AS TO THE STAGES IN THE
COMMISSION OF CRIME
1. Attempted crimes – does not
perform all acts of execution
2. Frustrated crimes- has performed all
the acts of execution but do not
produce the felony
3. Consummated crimes – all
elements necessary for execution
and accomplishment of the crime
are present.
As to plurality of crimes
1. Simple crimes- single act
constitute only one offense
(homicide, rape)
2. Complex crimes – single act
constitutes two or more grave
felonies. (robbery with
homicide)
As to the gravity of penalty or
offense

1. Grave felonies
2. Less grave felonies
3. Light felonies
As to the basis of criminal act
1. Crimes against national
security
2. Crimes against the fundamental
law of the state
3. Crimes against public order
4. Crimes against public interest
5. Crimes against public morals
As to the basis of criminal act
6. Crimes committed by public
officers
7. Crimes against persons
8. Crimes against personal liberty and
security
9. Crimes against property
10. Crimes against chastity
As to the basis of criminal act
11. Crimes against the civil status
of persons
7. Crimes against honor
8. Quasi-offense or criminal
negligence
-Imprudence
- Negligence
CRIMINOLOGICAL
CLASSIFICATION OF
CRIMES
As to the result of crimes

1. Acquisitive crimes
-offender acquire
something as a consequence
of his act
2. Extinctive crimes- the result
of crime is destructive
As to the time or period
committed
1. Seasonal crimes - committed
only during a certain period
of the year
2. Situational crimes-
committed when the given
situation is conducive to their
commission
As to the length of time
committed
1. Instant crimes-
committed in the shortest
possible time
2. Episodic crime-
committed by a series of
acts in a lengthy time
As to the location of the
commission of crime
1. Static crimes- committed
in only one place
2. Continuing crime-
committed in several
places
As to the mental faculties

1. Rational crimes- committed


with intention/person is sane
2. Irrational crimes-
committed by person who
don’t know the nature of his
acts due to mental disease
As to the type of
offenders
1. White-collar crimes-
committed by person of
respectability ( occupational
crime)
2. Blue-collar crimes- committed
by ordinary person to maintain
living
As to the standard of
living
1. Crimes of upper world-
e.g Falsification
2. Crimes of the underworld
– bag snatching
Other Classes
of Crimes
Crimes by
imitation
Duplicating
what
was done by others
Crimes of
passion
Crime committed at
the height of great
emotions
Service Crimes
Committed through
rendition of service to
satisfy others
Genocide
Crime committed
through mass
destruction of
populations
Transnational
crimes
Violation of law that
involve more than one
country in planning,
execution, e.g. drug
trafficking
Environmental
crimes
Example: illegal emission or
discharge of substances to
air, soil or water, illegal
trade of wildlife
Cyber crimes
Crimes
involving
computers and networks.
Political crimes
Criminal activities for
ideological purposes, act
that threaten the security
of the government. E.g
terrorism, treason, sedition
Family-related
crimes
Crimes within the family
Patriarchal
crimes
Crimes
committed against
women and children in the
name of traditional male
dominance.
Classification of
criminals
Acute criminals
Chronic criminals
Normal criminals
Ordinary criminals
Organized criminals
Professional criminals
Classification of
criminals
Accidental criminals
Situational criminals
Habitual criminals
Active- aggressive criminals
Passive inadequate criminals
socialized criminals
Classification of criminals
(the Revised Penal Code)
Recidivist –crime of the same
title in RPC
Quasi-recidivist
Habitual delinquent
Measuring crimes
Letter of Instruction: Unit
Crime Periodic Report
(UCPER) April 22, 2009.
Crime statistics
Accurate crime situation of
thecountry
2 mechanisms of collecting
SCD
National Crime Reporting
System
Police regional office
periodic report
Crime volume
CV= index crime + non-index Crime
Crime rate

Crime rate= crime volume


Population *100,000
Crime Solution
Efficiency

CSE = solved cases


Crime volume * 100%
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