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## A Beginner’s Guide to Structural

Mechanics/Analysis
Farm Exhibits Building
Long Span Roof Truss Girders Mezzanine Area Awning Roof

Hip Beam

## A large open exhibit building with long

span truss girders.
Each joist supports to supporting joists.
an area equal to its
span times half the
distance to the joist
on either side.

## The joists transfer The pier supports half the

their loads to the area supported by the truss
supporting truss Each truss
girdergirder supports
plus area from an
other
girders. area equal to itselements
structural span times
that it
half the distance to the girder
supports.
The truss girders
on either side.
to the supporting
piers and columns.

## Long Span Roof Load Path

The girders are not The area tributary to a
single span so the joist equals the length of
tributary area for the the joist times the sum of
columns cannot be half the distance to each

## The area tributary to a girder

equals the length of the
girder times the sum of half
girder.
Columns Support Girders Girders Support Joists
Metal Deck/Slab System

## Mezzanine Floor System

the reaction from the two
supported joists which
equals the tributary area (1/2
the cantilever span times the
Exterior
spacing joist
of the
carried
cantilevers)
the
timessupporting
the pressure
cantilever
the floorbeam
plus ends
the self weight
of the joist.

## The load diagram for the

cantilever (excluding self wt)
consists of a single point
load at the end of the
cantilever.
joist and wall.

End Wall
Framing
The beam-columns do
not support
For lateral any roof
pressures, the
siding spans between the to
resist lateral forces
horizontal that
girts (yet
they fancy
word forthe
a
girts. They support
beam!) an
The
area that extendshalf
girts support from the
siding to the
half way to thegirts.
This is the
beam-columns
on each sidefor andone girt.
from
floor to roof as shown.
The girts transfer their
The beam-columns
supporting beam-
transfer their lateral
columns.