Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 36

Levels of

Biological
Organization
Cell
• the basic unit
structure and
function of all living
things capable of
performing basic life
processes.
Tissue
group of
similar cells
that
perform a
particular
function.
Organ
it is made of similar tissues
arranged and grouped together to
perform a specific function.
 EX. Heart, kidney, lungs
What does
Structure and Function mean?
• Structure = the body plan, or the way the
parts are arranged
• Function = the job for that part of the
organism
Organ system
 a group of organs that work
together to perform a major
function.
 Circulatory System
– is one of the
organ systems that
make up an
organism. It is
made up of the
heart, blood
vessels, and blood.
Nervous System -
detects and interprets
information from the
environment outside
the body and from
within the body;
controls most body Nervous
functions. System
Digestive System -
takes food into the
body, breaks the
food down into
smaller particles,
and absorbs the
digested materials. Digestive
System
Muscular Skeletal
System - System -
enables supports
the body
and
to move;
protects
the body
 Excretory System -
is another organ
system that makes up
an organism. It is
made up of kidney,
urinary bladder,
ureter, urethra.
Immune system - fights disease.
Endocrine system - controls many body processes
by means of chemicals, like hormones.
Respiratory system takes oxygen into the body and
eliminates carbon dioxide.
Reproductive system produces sex cells that can
unite with other sex cells to create offspring;
controls male and female characteristics.
Organism
Independent individual.
a system with many parts that
depend on each other and work
together.
Ex. People, Plants and Animals.
Population
• Group of individuals of a
particular type that live in the
same area and actively interbreed
with one another.
Community
The living part of an ecosystem.
 assemblage of different
populations that live together in a
defined area.
Ecosystem
 Living things in a
particular region and their
nonliving physical
environment.
Biosphere
 Our entire planet Earth and all its living
inhabitants.
 part of the earth in which life exists including
land, water and air of atmosphere.
GET ¼ SHEET OF PAPER AND
ANSWER THE FOLLOWING
QUESTIONS. YOU ONLY HAVE
3 MINUTES TO READ AND
ANSWER EVERY QUESTION.
1. The heart pumps blood that carries
oxygen and nutrients to the different parts
of the body. To which organ system does
the heart belong?
A. Circulatory
B. Digestive
C. Excretory
D. Reproductive
2. Cancer starts from cells that start to grow uncontrollably fast.
They destroy tissues and organs. What does this say about the
effects of diseased cells on the higher levels of organization in an
organism?
A. Cancer involves only certain kinds of cells and does not affect
any other kind of cell.
B. Diseased cells affect only the next higher levels of
organization that they make up – the tissues.
C. Diseased cells damage the higher levels of organization they
make up: tissues, organs, organ systems, and eventually, the
whole organism.
D. Diseased cells do not affect the other parts of an organism.
3. Each part of an organ system plays a
specific function. Which of the following
structures does not match its function?
A. Eyes : Sight
B. Kidneys : Respiration
C. Heart: Circulation
D. Stomach: Digestion
5. Which of the following statement is TRUE?
A. Groups of organs working together are
called cells.
B. Group of cells working together are called
tissues.
C. Group of organs working together are called
organisms.
D. Group of tissues working together are called
organ systems
6. Plants also have organ systems.
Which plant organ DOES NOT
belong to the shoot system?
A. Flower
B. Leaf
C. Root
D. Stem
7. How do plants benefit from their root
system?
A. They obtain water and nutrients
from the soil.
B. They provide strength and support.
C. They manufacture food.
D. They produce flowers.
8. The kidneys functions are to filter and to
remove the waste from the blood which is
harmful to the body. What might happen to the
person if it fails to function?
A. The kidney will be damaged.
B. The cells of the kidney will be affected.
C. There is no significant effect to the person.
D. The person will suffer and need to undergo
dialysis treatment.
9. Angelo’s father was hospitalized due to chest
pain and difficulty of breathing. Laboratory
examination revealed increased cholesterol in
blood. Which organ system is mostly affected?
A. Circulatory system
B. Nervous system
C. Excretory system
D. Digestive system
10. James love to eat junk food and enjoys adding
fish sauce (patis) and soy sauce in his meals. One
day, he was complaining of difficulty in urinating
accompanied by severe pain in the side and back
below the ribs. Which organ has a problem in this
situation?
A. Heart
B. Kidney
C. Lung
D. Stomach