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ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF

UPFC DAMPING STABILIZER


FOR POWER SYSTEM
STABILITY ENHANCEMENT

Muhammad Hamza Chand


400402
Introduction
 Propose for design
 power demand increases but limited
resources (transmission lines,
generators)
 Which gives rise to low frequency
oscillations on the range of (0.1 to 3 Hz).
 Keep going in increasing until untill loss
of synchronism results.
Introduction
 PSSs (power system stabilizers)
 Old technique for enhancing power
ststem damping.
 Operate on the excitation system of
generators.
 Adversly effect voltage profile (leading
power factor).
Introduction
 FACTs devices
 Increase in power transfer limits
during steady state.
 By modulation of bus voltage,phase
shift,transmission line reactances.
 Also improve the voltage profile which
is advantagious over PSSs.
Introduction
 Unified power flow controller(UPFC)
 Most promising device in FACTs concept.
 Control the damping effect through the
control of:
1. In phase voltage
2. Quadrature voltage
3. Shunt compensation
Introduction
 A number of control schemes has been
suggested to perform the ossilation
damping task by different engineers.
For example:
1. Lead lag controller.
2. Integrated linear and non-linear control
3. Three pulse width modulation(PWM)
Introduction
 The problem of damping control design
is to be solved using particle swarm
optimization(PSO) that improves the
dynamic system performance.
 Eigenvalues analysis and non-linear
simulations are used to assess the
effectiveness.
Problem statement
 Power system non-linear model
Park’s transformation
Problem statement
 PSS and UPFC controllers
1. The PSS structure considered is the
widely used lead-lag controller.
2. DC voltage regulator is required to
maintain the power balance between
series and shunt resistance.
3. DC voltage is control through phase
angle of ET(exitation transformer)
voltage.
Problem statement
 Objective functions
To select the best stabilizer the problem formulated as
to optimise the selected objective function ‘J’.
In this work, two different objective funtions are
proposed:
 Eigenvalue-based (J1)
Aim to enhance the system damping
 Time domain-based (J2)
Aim to reduce the time weighted speed devition
This approch employs PSO to search for the optimum
parameter.
Controllability measure
 To measure the controllability, the
singular value decomposition (SVD) is
employed.
B=[b1 b2 b3 b4 b5]
The minimum singular value of the matrix
indicates the capability of the input
“Higher the minimum singular value
higher the controllability”
Particle swarm optimizer(PSO)

This new approch feathers has many


advantages:
 Simple, fast and coded in few lines.
 PSO has memory.
 Each particle remember its best solution
as well as group best.
 PSO consist of, at each step, changes its
velocity of each particle towards its pbest
and gbest.
Comparison
Comparison
Conclusion
 Effectiveness of UPFC
 Two different objective functions for
control.
 PSO has been utilized to search for
optimal control parameter
 Simulation results comparison under
normal and fault conditions.