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FLUID Mechanics (Ch.E-204)


 Introduction and Importance of Fluid Mechanics

 Description of Fluids
 Type of Fluids and Classification of Fluid Flows
 Compressible vs Incompressible Fluids
 Steady and Unsteady Fluid Flows
 Properties of Fluids
 Basic Equations of Fluid Flow
 Flow of Incompressible Fluids in Pipes, Laminar and Turbulent Flow in closed
 Processes of Compressible Fluid Flows
 Flow through variable area conduits
 Boundary Layer Concept
 Prandtl’s Boundary Layer Equations
 Turbulent Boundary Layers
 Dimensional Analysis
FLUID Mechanics

Marks 1st Quiz 10%

Mid 30%
2nd Quiz 10%
End 40%
Semester work 10%

 Attendance MUST to sit in exams

 Interactive learning desired!

 Unit Operations of
Chemical Engineering
5th edition by McCabe &

 Applied Fluid Mechanics

by Robert L. Mott

 Chemical Engineering by
Coulson & Richardson

 Internet; Journals; & notes

What is a Fluid?

 A fluid is a substance that does not permanently resist


 Fluids are understood to include liquids, gases and vapors.

What is a Fluid?


Incompressible Compressible
•Density changes only slightly with •Changes in density are significant
moderate changes in temperature
and pressure
What is Fluid Mechanics?
 The branch of engineering science that has to do with the
behavior of fluids is called Fluid Mechanics.

Fluid Mechanics

Fluid Statics Fluid Dynamics

•It treats fluids in the •It treats fluids when

equilibrium state of no portions of the fluid are
shear stress in motion relative to
other parts
Open Channel Flow
Closed Channel Flow
Why fluid flow is of interest for
Chemical Engineers?

 Transportation (80%)
 Selection of suitable machinery & power requirement
(pressure drops)

 Selection of type of measurement devices

 Heat and mass transfer calculations
 Estimate the drag forces when fluids move past immersed
 Power calculations for mixing and agitation
 (Think of More !)