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STUDENTS:

NICOLÁS INOSTROZA

THE AIRPLANE
NICOLÁS RAMÍREZ
MARTIN ESPINOZA
FELIPE ESCOBAR
GRADE:
2ªMB
• An airplane is a
powered, fixed-
wing aircraft that
is propelled
forward by thrust
from a jet
engine, propeller
or rocket engine.
Airplanes come in a
variety of sizes,
shapes, and wing
configurations.
MAIN USES AND FUNCTIONS
• The main function of an airplane is
traveling from point A to point B
on and easier faster way.
• The main use that people gives to
airplanes is the transportation of
goods and people, the goods can
be for a military issue or a
commercial one.
WHO INVENTED THE AIRPLANE?

• The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, were two American


aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are
generally credited of the invention and successful fly of an
airplane. In 1904–05 the brothers developed their flying
machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although
not the first to build experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers
were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing
powered flight possible.
EVOLUTION

• Clement Ader constructed his first of


three flying machines in 1886, the Éole.
The main characteristics of the airplane
were:
• It was capable to develop 20
horsepower.
• His weight was ~300kg.
• It were capable to ¨hop¨ 50cm at a
height of 20cm.
• (The two following flying machines that
Ader built weren’t able to fly).
• The Wright brothers flights in 1903
are recognized by the Fédération
Aéronautique Internationale (FAI),
the standard setting and record-
keeping body for aeronautics, as
"the first sustained and controlled
heavier-than-air powered flight".
• By 1905, the Wright Flyer III was
capable of fully controllable, stable
flight for substantial periods.
• World War I served as a testbed for the use of the airplane as a weapon.
Airplanes demonstrated their potential as mobile observation platforms,
then proved themselves to be machines of war capable of causing
casualties to the enemy. Following WWI, aircraft technology continued to
develop.
• Alcock and Brown crossed the Atlantic non-stop for the first time in 1919.
• The first international commercial flights took place between the United
States and Canada in 1919.
AND THEN WE GET TO THE JET
AIRCRAFT
• The first practical jet aircraft was tested in 1939.
• In 1943, the Messerschmitt Me 262, the first
operational jet fighter aircraft, went into service
in the German Luftwaffe.
• In October 1947, the Bell X-1 was the first
aircraft to exceed the speed of sound.
• The first jet airliner was introduced in 1952. The
Boeing 707, the first widely successful
commercial jet.
IMPROVEMENTS THAT AIRPLANES
HAVE GIVED US
• The airplane is used in the war as a powerful weapon.
• Some time ago, many islands and countries were isolated
from trade with others ones, being the ship and long travels
the only way to connect them, but the airplane came to
make easier the communication, no only carrying products
and packages, also interchanging cultural information.
These days, people can send things or travel to any place.
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
-High Speed: Passengers and -High Costs: Air transport is a
goods can be transported costly service.
easily from one place to the -More Risks: Air transport is
other. prone to accidents.
-Minimum Cost: There is no -Flight Delays
need to spend money on the
construction of any track or -Lost Baggage
road.
-Free from physical
barriers: Air transport is free
from physical barriers.
-Useful in natural
calamities: During earth
quake, flood and accidents air
transport is used for rescue
CONCLUSION
• We learned that the airplane took a main
role on the WWI which really surprised
us, it was a big step for it, the other
things didn’t really surprised us that
much.