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EQUATION OF A

CIRCLE
CIRCLE: CENTER-RADIUS
EQUATION

Circle
- Defines as all the points (x, y) in a plane a fixed
distance away from a fixed center point.
3 5 14 20 5 18
The __________ is a fixed
point in the middle of the
circle; usually given the
general coordinates (h, k).
The center is a fixed point
in the middle of the circle;
usually given the general
coordinates (h, k).
18 1 4 9 21 19
The fixed distance from
the center to any point
on the circle is called
the _____________.
The fixed distance from
the center to any point on
the circle is called the
radius.
4 9 1 13 5 20 5 18
A line segment from one point on the
circle to another point on the circle
that passes through the center is
twice the radius in length. This line
segment is called the _____________of
the circle.
A line segment from one point on
the circle to another point on the
circle that passes through the
center is twice the radius in length.
This line segment is called
the diameter of the circle.
CENTER-RADIUS EQUATION

• Let the center be (h, k) and the radius be r.


(x−h)2+(y−k)2=r2
• If the center of the circle is at the
origin, the equation of the circle is
x +y =r .
2 2 2
1) What is the center-radius form given its
center (2, 7) and a radius of 6 units?

2) What is the center-radius form given its


center (1/2, 3/4) and a radius of 12 units?

3) What is the center-radius form given its


center at the origin and a radius of 4 units?
GENERAL EQUATION OF A CIRCLE

The general equation of a circle isx2

+ y + Dx + Ey + F = 0, where D, E,
2

and F are real numbers. This


equation is obtained by expanding
the standard equation of a circle, (x –
h) +
2 (y – k) =
2 r.
2
1) Write the general equation of a circle with
center C(4,-1) and a radius of 7 units. Then
determine the values of D, E, and F.

2) Write the general equation of a circle with


center C(-7, -10) and a radius of 7 units. Then
determine the values of D, E, and F.

3) Write the general equation of a circle with


center C(1/4,-1/2) and a radius of 7 units. Then
determine the values of D, E, and F.
FINDING THE CENTER AND RADIUS OF
A CIRCLE GIVEN THE EQUATION

1.) Find the center and the radius of the circle


x2 + y2 = 64.

2.) Determine the center and the radius of the


circle (x – 2)2 + (y – 4)2 = 25.
3.) What is the center and the radius of the
circle x2 + y2 – 6x – 10y + 18 = 0?

4.) What is the center and the radius of the


circle 4x2 + 4y2 + 12x – 4y – 90 = 0?
HOW TO GRAPH A CIRCLE ON A
COORDINATE PLANE?
Center at the origin:
1) Realize that the circle is centered at the origin
(no h and k) and place this point there.
2) Calculate the radius by solving for r.
3) Plot the radius points on the coordinate plane.
4) Connect the dots to graph the circle using a
smooth, round curve.
Center away from the origin:
1) Locate the center of the circle from the
equation (h, k).
2) Calculate the radius by solving for r.
3) Plot the radius points on the coordinate plane.
4) Connect the dots to the graph of the circle with
a round, smooth curve.
1) Graph a circle on a coordinate plane with a
center at the origin and a radius of 5 units.

2) With a center (3, 5) and a radius of 4 units,


graph a circle on the coordinate plane.

3) Graph a circle on a coordinate plane with a


center (0, 0) and a diameter of 25 units.

4) Graph a circle on a coordinate plane with a


center (1/2, -5/2) and a diameter of 4 units.