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NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, RAIPUR

SMART IRRIGATION SYSTEM USING LoRa


NIT RAIPUR

Guided By-
Dr. A.S. Raghuvanshi
HOD -B SNEHA SAGARI(14116018)
Electronics & -HIMANSHU VERMA(14116037)
Telecommunications
CONTENTS

•Introduction to project
•Objectives of project
•Circuit implementation
•Software implementation
•Working Algorithm
•Future scope
•Applications
INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT

Cloud

Hub

Drip or Tubewell
Sensor Node Irrigation
controller
OBJECTIVES

•Control crops moisture to an optimum level.


•Automate the labor intensive of irrigation.
•To demonstrate the effectiveness of a smart irrigation system that meets the
real needs of climate parameters through data obtained from the sensors.
BLOCK DIAGRAM (DETAILED VIEW)
COMPONENTS

• Soil moisture sensor


• MSP432
microcontroller
• Cloud server
• Pump
• Lora module
SOIL MOISTURE SENSOR
MSP 432 MICROCONTROLLER
SENSOR SPECS AND SHAPE
Wooden Frame

• Operating Voltage: 3.3 ~ 5.5 VDC


• Output Voltage: 0 ~ 3.0VDC
• Operating Current: 5mA
• Interface: PH2.0-3P Sensor
• Dimensions: 3.86 x 0.905 inches (L x W)
• Weight: 15g
CIRCUIT IMPLEMENTATION
Node Circuit
+5v
Val Moisture sensor
+5v Gnd 1
12v
Buck Booster Gnd +5v
power Moisture sensor
Val
Gnd 2

+5v
DHT11
Gnd
En Tx Rx P5.5 P5.4 P8.4
+5v Gnd
LoRa
MSP 432
microcontroller
Rx Vcc
Gnd
Tx P4.7
1K 1K

Thermistor
CIRCUIT IMPLEMENTATION
HUB CIRCUIT +5v
R1

1K 2N222 1N4007
+5v RESISTOR TRANSISTOR
12V
Power Buck Booster Gnd Gnd R2
1K 2N222 1N4007 +5v
RESISTOR TRANSISTOR

P2.7 P2.4 Gnd R3


MSP432 P2.6
Rx microcontroller
Tx P3.2 P3.3 1K 2N222 1N4007
RESISTOR TRANSISTOR

Vcc En Tx Rx Gnd Gnd


+5v

LoRa Rx Tx +5v
Gnd GSM
SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION
Data Flow
Sensor
My Sql
1
Wireless radio Tx PHP APIs
Node
Sensor
2
Hub
HTTP
Sensor
3 LoRa LoRa GSM
Gateway
Sensor Node User
4

Sensor
Monitoring Control
5
Moisture Setting Mockup
WORKING ALGORITHM

Read pump status


for every 2min Cloud

Post data
through API Establish HTTP
Reads and send first data (2min)
connection

Hub
Node Sends data request every 30 min

Reads and transmits sensor data through Switch on pump


lora if status is ‘ON’ Pump
CALIBERATION

•Caliberation is the process of configuring an instrument to provide a result for a


sample within an acceptable range.
•Moisture Sensor : Keep the wiped sensor in air and note the value 0%.Completely
immerse the sensor in water and mark the value 100%
•DHT11 : Already caliberated.
TESTING (REGULAR)
Time Moisture 1 Moisture 2 Thermistor DHT11 DHT11
(RH) (Temp)
2017-11-25 000 000 253 043 024
06:20:39
2017-11-25 001 000 255 043 024
06:22:41
2017-11-25 011 001 255 043 024
06:24:43
2017-11-25 047 000 255 043 024
06:26:50
2017-11-25 000 011 253 043 024
06:28:41
2017-11-25 001 052 254 043 024
06:30:36
2017-11-25 080 098 254 043 024
06:32:30
TESTING(ON-FIELD)

Time Moisture 1 Moisture 2 Thermistor DHT11 DHT11


(RH) (Temp)
2017-12-04 008 004 204 051 022
15:20:39
2017-12-04 007 004 204 051 022
15:22:41
2017-12-04 017 007 204 057 022
15:52:40
2017-12-04 054 011 204 060 021
16:24:40
2017-12-04 068 020 204 059 021
16:54:43
2017-12-04 036 048 204 060 020
17:25:48
2017-12-04 011 030 204 062 021
17:55:43
FUTURE SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

•Multiple sensor and motor control


•Testing the model in real time
•Will be converted into a start up idea
APPLICATIONS

• Roof Gardens
• Agricultural institutes
• Agriculture lands where scarcity of water is
present (Rajasthan, areas of Telangana)
• Home Gardens
THANK YOU…