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Mechanical Lifting Level 1

Welcome
Mechanical Lifting Level 1

AIM

 The aim of this course is to develop


competent personnel in Mechanical Lifting to
Level 1 standard.

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Mechanical Lifting Level 1

ELEMENTS of COMPETENCY
 Plan and Prepare Work
 Select Equipment
 Sling Loads
 Remove Gear

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Presentation Overview
 Schlumberger Requirements
 Safe Working Load Calculations
 Lifting Equipment
 Slinging and Lifting Practices
 Signals
 Lifting of Personnel

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Schlumberger Mechanical Lifting
Standard OFS-QHSE-S013
Objective

Define minimum requirements for all mechanical


lifting operations in order to minimise the
associated risk.

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Schlumberger Mechanical Lifting
Standard OFS-QHSE-S013
Responsibilities

 Line Management
 Employees
 PPE
 Use of equipment

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Schlumberger Mechanical Lifting
Standard OFS-QHSE-S013

 Lifting Gear
 Wire Ropes and Chains
 Lifting Accessories
 Inspection and Testing
 Signals commonly used

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Schlumberger Mechanical Lifting
Standard OFS-QHSE-S013
Lifting Gear
• Certified by Manufacturer
• Local Gear – Industry Standard
• Repaired or Modified – Inspected by 3rd Party
• 3rd Party equipment – Inspected prior to use
• Safe Working Load (SWL) clearly displayed
• Register maintained at all worksites
• Certificate filed on site
• Dedicated storage area
• Welding on any type of lifting equipment is Not
allowed OFS Mechanical Lifting Program - 8
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Schlumberger Mechanical Lifting
Standard OFS-QHSE-S013
Wire Ropes and Chains
• Certification from supplier
• Lifting Slings – EIPS, IWRC
• Plastic coating not allowed
• Alloy Steel Chain (with markings)
• Accessories (pins, shackles, clevises) – Approved
type
• SWL identified
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Schlumberger Mechanical Lifting
Standard OFS-QHSE-S013
Inspection and Testing
• Prior to Use
• Broken Wires

• Bends, Twists

• Heat damage

• Corrosion

• Unrepairable equipment shall be destroyed

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Schlumberger Mechanical Lifting
Standard OFS-QHSE-S013
• Six-monthly Inspection and Testing
• As per National regulatory standards
• Certified by qualified 3rd party (Trained SLB
Personnel)
• Inspection certificate issued
• Unrepairable equipment to be destroyed
• Equipment passed retirement age to be destroyed
• Inspection results kept on file
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Schlumberger Mechanical Lifting
Standard OFS-QHSE-S013
Rigging
• Must reach Level 1 proficiency
• Proficiency recorded in Quest / QHSE passport
• Records of training & testing on file at location
• All employees have the right and duty to refuse to
use lifting gear not complying with the present
requirements or if unfamiliar or uncomfortable with
the operation.

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Mechanical Lifting Level 1
Must Know:
• Types of Lifting Equipment
• SWL Calculations
• Assess Weight of Load
• Safely Sling Loads
• Use Hand Signals
• Attach Tag Lines

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Mechanical Lifting Level 1

REFERENC
E CHART:

Shackles

Slings

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Mechanical Lifting Level 1

REFERENC
E CHART:

Chain

Wire Rope

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Lifting Equipment
Flexible Steel Wire Rope
Chain Synthetic
Slings
Shackles Eye Bolts
Hooks Plate
Clamps
Spreader and Lifting Beams
Wedge Sockets

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Flexible Steel Wire Rope
The properties of a FSWR are derived from its:
• Size
• Construction
• Lay
• Core

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Lifting & Slinging - Sling use

• Slings

• Steel cable

• Chain

• Nylon

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Lifting & Slinging - Sling use
• Safe Working Load (SWL)
• Maximum weight, in Kg, that a sling can sustain
vertically

• Must be clearly stamped on the swedge

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Chain
• Only use Steel Alloy Chain ( Grade 80 )
• Check for chain markings
• Check tag
• Min Dia for lifting = 5.5mm
• Max 10% wear
• All components of chain sling to be the
same size

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Synthetic Slings
Inspection
• Missing or Illegible SWL tag
• Damage to Stitching, Yarn, Sleeve, Eye, End
Fitting
• Internal Wear – Thinning of sling, Dirt, Grit
• Discolouration – Chemical, Sunlight, High
Temperatures.

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Synthetic Slings
Storage
• Clean, dry, well ventilated place
• Off the ground or floor
• Away from:
• Direct sunlight, ultra-violet light, fluorescent light
• Extremes of heat, sources of ignition
• Chemicals
• Possibility of mechanical damage

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Shackles
“D” Shackle
Used for straight lift
Bow Shackle
Designed to attach two or more sling eyes to a lifting
hook. Alloys sling to “self centre”. More versatile
than “D” Shackle.

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Lifting & Slinging - Sling Use
 Shackles operating examples

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Eye Bolts
Straight Eyebolt
Only for vertical lifts – very limited in use

Collared Eyebolt
Used for sideways loading

Ring must be in line with lifting chain

Collar must be hard against surface

Min Dia = 12mm

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Hooks
• Marked with SWL
• Free from damage
• Safety catch must operate correctly
• Sling must move freely on hook
• Max wear = 10%
• Max throat opened out = 5%
• Never point load hook

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Lifting & Slinging - Sling Use
 Hooks operating examples

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Plate Lifting Clamps
• SWL must be marked
• Use correct clamp for job
• Ensure load is balanced
• Max included angle between sling legs is 60°
• Never lift more than one plate at a time.

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Lifting & Slinging - Sling Use

• Clamps
• Rules to use clamps
• Saddle must be close to the size of the cable

• Saddle always on working line


• Spacing between clamps is equal to 6 to 8 times the
diameter of cable
• Bolts must be equally tight

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Spreader and Lifting Beams

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Wedge Socket

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Safe Slinging and Lifting Practices
Working Load Limit (WLL) – Max load that can be
applied to lifting gear.

Safe Working Load (SWL) – Can vary depending


on slinging method and Load Factors.

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Lifting & Slinging - Evaluate the
load
 The load
 Center of gravity(cg)

• For regular volumes “cg” is situated at half height of the volumes

• To keep the load stable when lifted up


Never hook up below center of gravity

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Lifting & Slinging - Evaluate the
load
• Volumetric mass
 equal to mass in Kg in a dm3 or in “ton in m3”
 Three categories e g:
7 to 9 tons m3 : iron, steel, cast iron, brass, bronze.
2 to 3 tons m3 : porcelain, coal, stone, aluminum,
concrete, glass.
around 1 ton m3 :wood, water, oil, cardboard.
• Weight = Volume * Volumetric mass
• It is always better to over estimate the weight.

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Slinging Techniques
 Lifting capacity decreases as Sling angle
increases
 Different methods of slinging will alter Lift
capacity

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Sling Techniques
2 Leg Sling Load Factor

0° =2
30° = 1.93
45° = 1.85
60° = 1.73
90° = 1.41
120° =1

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Slinging Techniques
 Load Factors

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Lifting & Slinging - Sling Use

• Effect of angles

GOOD WRONG

• Never exceed an angle of 90°

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Lifting & Slinging - Sling Use
 Slinging operating examples

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Lifting & Slinging - Sling Care
 Slings protection

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Slinging Techniques

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Slinging Techniques

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Slinging Techniques

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Lifting & Slinging - Sling Care
 Slings storage

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Lifting & Slinging - Hand Signals

• Signals may vary from country to country ,rig to


rig.
• The Following slide shows commonly used best
practice hand signals.
• Make sure you always liaise and agree on
signals to be used prior to the start of any
operation.
Good Communications are a key to a safe operation

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Example of Signals

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Man Riding
 Only certified and designated “man-riding”
winch to be used.
 OFS Man riding checklist must be
completed prior to any lift operation.
 Competent person operating the winch.
 Winch operator must have clear line-of-
sight contact with the rider, or a third party
serve as direct relay.
 All hand-signals (up, down, slow, stop, etc.)
must be discussed and clearly understood.
 Reference= OFS QHSE Standard S013

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Transfers by Personnel Basket

 Only Certified personnel transfer baskets to be


used.
 Basket to be inspected weekly,and Prior to
use.
 Work vests / life jacket must be worn.
 An immersion suit must be worn in cold-water
areas.
 Personnel to be fully briefed prior to basket
operations.
 HARC assessment to be conducted.

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Transfers by Personnel Basket
 The crane hook shall have a positive locking
throatlatch.
 The basket should be fastened to the crane
hook with a long sling.
 All crane functions must be checked prior to
use.
 Tag lines shall be used on the basket.
 A person must be present to control the
direction of the basket on the deck.
 Baskets should be stored as per
manufacturers guidelines.
 Reference= OFS QHSE Standard S013
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Lifting & Slinging - PPE
 Operator Safety Equipment

 Hard Hat
 Gloves
 Safety footwear
 Safety eyewear protection
 Fall protection

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Mechanical Lifting Level 1

Thank You
Safe Lifting