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Lecture 4: Third class

Electrical Engineering Department


Dr. College
Ali Abdul Razzaq
of Engineering
ALTAHIR
University of Kerbala

2019/2020
By
Assist Prof. Dr. Ali Altahir
http://learning.uokerbala.edu.iq/moodle
EEE-32II
Academic Example No.1
The following data were obtained from no-load, blocked-rotor,
and DC tests of a three-phase, wye-connected, 40hp, 60Hz,
460V, design B induction motor whose rated current is 57.8A.
The blocked-rotor test was made at 15 Hz.

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Academic Example No.1
Blocked-Rotor Test No-Load Test DC Test
Vline = 36.2V Vline = 460V VDC = 12V
Iline = 58A Iline = 32.7A IDC = 59A
P3-phase = 2573.4W P3-phase = 4664.4W
a) Determine R1, X1, R2, X2, XM, and the combined core,
friction, windage loss per phase.
b) Express the no-load current as a percentage of rated current.
.c) Express the no-load power as a percentage of rated power
X1 and X2 as function of XLR

Rotor Design Type X1 X2

WRIM 0.5 XLR 0.5 XLR

IM Design A 0.5 XLR 0.5 XLR

IM Design B 0.4 XLR 0.6 XLR

IM Design C 0.3 XLR 0.7 XLR

IM Design D 0.5 XLR 0.5 XLR 3


Academic Example : Solution

:Solution
Note: Convert AC test data to corresponding phase values for star -connected I.M.
2573.4 W
PBR ,15 Hz   857.8 W att
3
36.2V
V BR ,15 Hz   20.9 V olt
3
I BR ,15 Hz  58 A mp for star connection
4664.4 W
PNL   1554.8 W att
3
460V
V NL   265.581 V olt
3
I NL  32.7 A mp
4
Academic Example : Solution
 Determine stator resistance, R1
V DC 12.0 V
R DC    0.2034
I DC 59.0 A
R DC
R1,wye   0.102 / phase
2
 Determine rotor resistance, R2
V BR ,15 Hz 20.9 V
Z BR ,15 Hz    0.3603 / phase
I BR ,15 Hz 58 A
PBR ,15 Hz 857.8 W
R BR ,15 Hz  2
 2
 0.255 / phase
I BR ,15 Hz (58A )
R 2  R BR ,15 Hz  R1,wye  0.255  0.102  0.153 / phase
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Academic Example : Solution
 Determination of stator and rotor reactance, i.e., X1 and X2
X BR ,15 Hz  2
Z BR ,15 Hz  R BR ,15 Hz 
2
(0.3603)2  (0.255)2  0.2545

X BR ,60 Hz  f rated
X BR ,15 Hz 
60Hz
(0.2545)  1.0182
f test
15Hz
From Table I, for design B induction motor,
X1 = 0.4*XBR,60Hz = 0.4*(1.0182) = 0.4073Ω/phase
X2 = 0.6*XBR,60Hz = 0.6*(1.0182) = 0.6109/phase

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Academic Example : Solution
Determination of magnetizing reactance, XM

S NL ,1 phase V NL I NL  (265.581V )(32.7A )  8684.5V A


Q NL  S NL
2
 PNL
2
 (8684.5) 2  (1554.8) 2  8544.19V AR
Q NL 8544.19
X NL  2  2
 7.99
I NL (32.7)
X NL  X 1  X M , X 1 calculated from blocked rotor test
X M  X NL  X 1  7.99  0.4073  7.58 / phase

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Academic Example : Solution
:Determination of combined friction, windage, and core loss

PNL  I NL
2
R1,wye  Pcore  Pf ,w
1554.8  (32.7) 2 (0.102)  Pcore  Pf ,w
Pcore  Pf ,w  1446W / phase

b) Express the no-load current as a percentage of rated current


I NL 32.7 A
%I NL   100%  100%  56.6%
I rated 57.8A
c) Express the no-load power as a percentage of rated power
PNL 1.555kW
%PNL  100%  100%  2.9%
Prated 53.619kW

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H.W:
The following test data were taken for 7.5 hp, four-poles, 208V, 60Hz, design
A, Y- connected I.M having a rated current of 28 A.
DC Test:
VDC = 13.6 V IDC = 28.0 A
No-load Test:
Vl = 208 V f = 60 Hz
I = 8.17 A Pin = 420 W
Locked-rotor Test:
Vl = 25 V f = 15 Hz
I = 27.9 A Pin = 920 W
(a) Compute R1, X1, R2, X2, XM?
(b) Sketch the per-phase equivalent circuit of this motor?
(c) Derive Thevenin’s equivalent circuit parameters?
(d) Find the critical slip , and then compute the breakdown torque for a three – phase
induction motor.
Short Answer Questions
1. What machine parameters can be obtained from No-Load test?
2. What is the power factor of the machine at blocked test? Comment on its value.
3. What should be the no load current of an induction motor?
4. Even though there is no-load, why wattmeter reading is not zero?
5. Comment on the slip of the I.M when operated at rated and reduced voltage?
6. How to obtain the no-load input power to an induction motor when two-
wattmeter method of measuring power used?
7. Can a three phase induction motor be started from a single phase supply?
8. Choose the correct answer: No load test is conducted at(a)rated current, (b)rated
voltage, (c)high voltage, (d)high current
9. What is the nameplate reading on the machine? What inferences can be drawn
from it?
10. What is the real and reactive power consumed in blocked rotor test?
11. What are the different losses that are present in an induction motor?
12. Which loss in the machine is significant in no load test and why?
Review Questions

1. Why block rotor test of an induction motor is carried out?


2. When r2/s is split into a series connection of r2’ and r2’{(1/s)-1}
in the rotor equivalent circuit of an induction machine, what do
the power absorbed by the individual resistors physically
represent?
3. How does the equivalent circuit of an induction motor simplify to
under blocked rotor conditions? Justify.
4. What is the power factor of the machine?
5. Which loss in the machine is significant in blocked rotor test and
why?