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‡ Breakdown of food for digestion
‡ Absorption of nutrients produced by digestion into the
bloodstream
‡ Elimination of undigested foodstuffs and other waste
products

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 Πphase of the digestive process that occurs
when enzymes mix with ingested food and when
proteins, fats, and sugars are broken down into their
component molecules

 Πphase of the digestive process that occurs
when small molecules, vitamins, and minerals pass
through the walls of the small and large intestine and
into the bloodstream
   Πphase of the digestive process that occurs
after digestion and absorption, when waste products are
eliminated from the body

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‡ MouthŒ saliva, salivary amylase


‡ StomachŒ hydrochloric acid, pepsin, intrinsic factor
‡ Small intestineŒ amylase, lipase, trypsin, bile
‡ See  !

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r

Ähe enzyme bile that is responsible for fat emulsification is
secreted by which of the following?
a. Small intestine
b. Gallbladder
c. Stomach
d. Mouth

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b. Gallbladder
RationaleΠBile is secreted by the liver and gallbladder.

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r

Äell whether the following statement is true or false.
Blood flow to the GI tract is about 20% of the total cardiac
output.

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Ärue.
RationaleΠBlood flow to the GI tract is about 20% of the
total cardiac output and increases significantly after
eating.

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‡ Include all information related to GI function
± Abdominal pain, dyspepsia, gas, nausea and
vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, fecal continence,
change in bowel patterns, characteristics of stool,
jaundice, history of GI surgery or problems, appetite
and eating patterns, teeth, and nutritional
assessment, including weight patterns
‡ Psychosocial, spiritual, and cultural factors
‡ Assess knowledge; need for patient education

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‡ Stool specimens
‡ Breath tests
‡ Abdominal ultrasound
‡ Imaging studiesŒ CÄ, PEÄ, MRI
‡ Upper GI tract study
‡ Lower GI tract study
‡ GI motility studies
‡ Endoscopic procedures
‡ Other
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r

uhich of the following would not be considered a
consequence of diarrhea?
a. Bicarbonate loss
b. pH of 7.30
c. Electrolyte imbalance
d. Hyperkalemia

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d. Hyperkalemia
RationaleΠA complication of diarrhea is a decreased
potassium level (hypokalemia).

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