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B.S. in Aerospace Engineering


M.Sc. In Aerospace Engineering
MBA
RAMS Engineer
Integrated Logistic Support

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â Thermodynamics is the science of ENERGY.

â Fundamental Law: Conservation of Energy

â Important laws: 3+1 Laws of Thermodynamics

â 0: Thermal Equilibrium of bodies


â 1: Conservation of Energy
â 2: Increase of Entrophy
â 3: At abslotue 0K, entrophy is 0

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 "#$%

â Fundamental Units are limited to:

¢&  
'  (&
 
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Electric Current - A
Amount of Light - cd
Amount of Matter ² mol, but this one is highly criticized

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*


â Units inconsistency:

E = 25 KJ + 7 KJ/Kg

Where is the error?

How do we correct it?

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#
*


â üeriving a formula that you incoveniently forgot:

üetermine the amount of oil in a tank with:

üensity ǒ= 850Kg/m3

Volume V= 2m3

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#
*


â üeriving a formula that you incoveniently forgot:

üetermine the amount of oil in a tank with:

üensity ǒ= 850Kg/m3

Volume V= 2m3

We are looking for mass, Kg:

m= ǒV

Kg=Kg/m3· m3

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#
*


â üeriving a formula that you incoveniently forgot:

üetermine the amount of oil in a tank with:

üensity ǒ= 850Kg/m3

Volume V= 2m3

In a more scientific notation:

[M]=[M/L3][L3]

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Boundaries:

-Closed or Open

-Isolated

-If Open: Control Volume

,-& " 

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Continuum: üisregard the atomic nature, matter is continuous

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ǒ=m/V=1/v Specific Gravity:

where SG= ǒ/ ǒH20

ǒ = density (kg/m3) ǒH20=1000Kg/m3=1gr/cm3

m = mass (kg) Then, in SI units, specific gravity is equal to density in


gr/cm3 and dimensionless.

V = volume (m3)

v = specific volume (m3/kg)

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  |0


|0
: There are no changes in the system state as time moves forward:

- Thermal
- Mechanical
- Chemical
- Phase Equilibrium

 .
: The state of a simple compressible system is completely specified
by two independant, intensive variables.

u **   * u % + ,%+

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.,Moving from equilibrium to equilibrium

If a system ends returning to a starting state, it has completed a cycle. Otto cycle:

*From wikipedia entry

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    ¢ !

 ¢ !,If two bodies are in thermal equilibrium with a third body, they are also in
equilibirum with each other.

This is why thermometers work!

- Kelvin scale: T(K)= T(Cº) + 273.15


- Rankine scale: T(R)= T(ºF)+ 459.67

And: T(R)=1.8T(K)

T(ºF)=1.8T(ºC) + 32

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.

1
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1Pa= 1N/m2

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