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WHAT IS

HIV?
HIV
Human
Immunodeficiency
Virus
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS

A lifetime infection
 No signs and symptoms
 No cure
No vaccine to prevent it
 Destroys the immune system
HIV Positive: AIDS:
Incubation Period 2-15 y (ave; 10)
•Terminal stage
•With signs and symptoms
•With cancers
•With opportunistic infections
Examples of Opportunistic Infections

Lung infection
(ex. TB)

Photos from World Vision,


COH

Philippine National AIDS Council


Examples of Opportunistic Infections

Photos from World Vision,


COH
Fungal infections
Philippine National AIDS Council
Examples of Opportunistic Infections

Swollen lymph nodes


Photos from World Vision,
COH

Philippine National AIDS Council


Examples of Opportunistic Infections

Kaposi’s sarcoma, shingles


Photos from World Vision,
COH

Philippine National AIDS Council


• Use of injecting drugs
• Sharing of uncleaned/contaminated
injecting paraphernalia
• Presence of other STIs
•Unprotected penetrative sex
•Intoxication with alcohol and drugs
•Multiple Sexual Partners
What is STI?
It is an infection
primarily transmitted
through sexual contact,
but may also be
transmitted through
non-sexual means
Source of graphic: the-sticlinic.com

Philippine National AIDS Council


Common Signs and Symptoms of STI

Pain passing urine


Philippine National AIDS Council
Common Signs and Symptoms of STI

Severe itchiness
Philippine National AIDS Council
Common Signs and Symptoms of STI

Pain during Sex


Philippine National AIDS Council
Common Signs and Symptoms of STI

Yellowish/abnormal discharge
Philippine National AIDS Council
Common Signs and Symptoms of STI

Ulceration
s
Philippine National AIDS Council
Common Signs and Symptoms of STI

Abdominal pain
Philippine National AIDS Council
HOW DOES
HIV
SPREAD?
HIV TRANSMISSION
Unprotected penetrative sex with HIV
infected partner
HIV TRANSMISSION
 Infected blood and blood products
(transferred via blood transfusions
and organ transplants)
HIV TRANSMISSION
Sharing of needles, syringes, and other
injecting equipment
(including tattooing equipment)
HIV TRANSMISSION
Infected mother to child during
pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding
Body Fluids
HIV is found in:

Blood Semen

Vaginal Breast
fluids milk
How will I
know if I am
HIV positive?

Philippine National AIDS Council


HIV Testing Facilities

♠ Social hygiene clinics


♠ DOH-licensed OFW clinics
♠ Accredited HIV counseling & testing
centers (private and public facilities)
♠ Treatment hubs
(ex. GCGMH, PGH, San Lazaro
Hospital, RITM)

Philippine National AIDS Council


What if I test
positive?

Philippine National AIDS Council


How can I
protect myself
from HIV?

Philippine National AIDS Council


Key HIV Prevention Messages

A
ABSTINENCE

“Ayoko Muna”
Key HIV Prevention Messages

B BE MUTUALLY
FAITHFUL

“Basta Ikaw lang


at Ako”
Key HIV Prevention Messages

C Careful Sex
Correct, Consistent
Condom Use
Key HIV Prevention Messages

D
DON’T USE DRUGS
and ALCOHOL

“Druga ay Iwasan”
Key HIV Prevention Messages

E EDUCATE

“Edukasyon ay
Kailangan”
Its NOT
WHO YOU ARE but
WHAT YOU DO
that puts you
at risk for HIV
Universal Precaution for Health Care
Workers of HIV and AIDS
o Handwashing
o Use of protective barriers
o Safe and proper handling and disposal
of sharp objects
o Safe decontamination of instruments
and other contaminated equipment
o Safe disposal of waste contaminated
with bodily fluids
ACT AWARE
Be Aware!

the LIFE you are


saving
might be yours!
It starts with
YOU!