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ë   were protesters who rode buses
with the goal of integrating buses & bus stations.

In 1961, a bus of Freedom Riders was attacked in Anniston,


Alabama, where a
   . Another instance
occurred when a group of Nashville students rode into
Birmingham, Alabama, where  
 .
0u 0lux 0lansmen beat black bystander George Webb in the
Birmingham Trailways bus station, May 14, 1961.
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Attorney General  
   ordered a
reluctant bus company to continue to carry
the freedom riders.

When freedom riders were attacked in


Montgomery, Alabama, ÿ  
 !    " 

  
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" 
ivil rights workers soon turned their
attention to     Southern schools.

In Sept. 1962, a federal court allowed º 


  to attend the all-white University of
Mississippi. However, Mississippi͛s governor
refused to admit him.
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The 0ennedy administration sent in U.S. marshals.

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ÿ 
 



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Another confrontation occurred in 1963 in
Birmingham, Alabama when ML0 & other civil
rights leaders tried to desegregate the city.

ÿ "  "&  "$


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Many Americans witnessed the attacks on television.
They were outraged by what they saw!

Eventually, Birmingham officials gave in.


They agreed to end segregation in the city.
The growing civil rights movement impressed
President 0ennedy. He became convinced
that the nation needed a new civil rights law.

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0ennedy called on ongress to pass a sweeping


civil rights bill.
ÿ  '"$  
 
"      "    
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ivil rights leaders staged a massive


march on Washington, D..
n August 28, 1963, more than 250,000 blacks &
whites marched into the nation͛s capital.

There they demanded the immediate passage of the bill!


m  º., spoke to the crowd.
He called for peace & racial harmony in his now
famous ͞`   § speech.
Several months later, JF0 was assassinated!
Lyndon Johnson became president.

ÿ   
º
  

 

 

He won passage in ongress of


0ennedy͛s 


D      º  
  
 D 
ivil rights activists next worked to gain voting
rights for African Americans in the South.

 
    
  

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The 
  
became known as
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The workers focused their efforts on Œ

    



    

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In 1965, civil rights workers attempted a
voting project in !    .

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Police wait for marchers to come across
the Edmund Pettus Bridge (Alabama)
As a result, Martin Luther 0ing Jr. led a
massive 2nd march through Alabama.
ÿ º  responded by asking ongress
to pass a new voting rights act.

  
!  

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ongress passed the (  "


)*+,. The
law eliminated state laws that had prevented African
Americans from voting.
!  
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